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blues music homework This lesson examines both the content and form of lyrics in blues songs. In addition to greatest man i never knew lyrics, highlighting the basic musical form of authors definition, a blues song, it also addresses the man i knew lyrics use of floating verses in blues music, both within the context of the original era in which the songs were sung and also in relation to how this practice is perceived today. By completing this lesson, the student will: Understand and practice mapping out a blues song Comprehend the difference between the use of floating verse and the violation of copyright law Investigate the origins of the blues Standards. Addresses the following themes in themes raisin, the National Curriculum Standards for Music Education: Secondary: 7, 8, 9. Greatest Man I Never. The Road to Memphis (segment toward the end of interpersonal relationship, Black Spot on the Dial in which B.B. Greatest Man I Knew Lyrics. King's performance shows the AAB form) Borrowing from the Blues.

Origins of the short term Blues. Man I Never. This exercise explores song elements and authors looks closely at the blues song format. Greatest Man I Never Lyrics. Ask students to bring the lyrics of a favorite song to class (reminding them beforehand what appropriate and inappropriate choices would be). Start by discussing the lyrical parts of a song: Verses#151;In a song, a verse is a group of lines that constitutes a unit (similar to verses in poetry). Typically, a song consists of several verses, and themes in a in the sun the rhyme scheme and rhythm are usually the same from verse to verse. Chorus#151;A song's refrain (verse that repeats itself at greatest lyrics given intervals throughout the song). Bridge#151;Transitional passage connecting two sections of the song. As you discuss, demonstrate the raisin sun parts on an overhead projector using a song with which students are familiar. Once students comprehend the parts, ask them to identify the parts of the song lyrics they brought to class, pointing out that not all songs contain all parts. Mention that blues songs, like many other songs, conform to standard song structure in some ways while varying in greatest man i, others. Have students listen to Lost Your Head Blues by Bessie Smith, recording the short term aid examples words as they listen.

Once the knew lyrics class has heard the entire song, transcribe the stakeholder lyrics on the board in prose rather than verse form, filling in where student gaps exist. Ask students to greatest man i never knew lyrics, label each sentence with a letter, starting with A. Authors Definition. Sentences that are the same should have the greatest never knew same letter. This should look like: Now, ask students to write the lyrics out in song form. Where would the line breaks be? Where would the verse breaks be? The first verse of the final product should look like: Inform students that this format, known as the interpersonal AAB blues format, is typical of many blues songs. The first line often presents an idea or issue, the greatest never knew lyrics second line repeats it (perhaps with a slight variation), and the third line develops or resolves the idea presented in the first and second lines. To further illustrate this blues form, show the segment Black Spot on the Dial from The Road to Memphis in which B.B.

King performs a song in stakeholder, the AAB format. [See Film Tie-Ins for details on the film segment.] Finally, demonstrate how blues music frequently veers away from the AAB format. Playing a variety of greatest man i never, songs, including Stack O' Lee by Mississippi John Hurt, When Will I Get to Be Called a Man by Big Bill Broonzy, and Mannish Boy by Muddy Waters, can illustrate how the Essay on Right AAB form is by never lyrics, no means the aid examples exclusive song format of the blues. Floating verses#151;the same lyrics or phrases used in more than one blues song#151;are very common in blues music. To illustrate the notion of floating verses, ask students to read the lyrics of man i never knew, two blues songs: I Believe I'll Dust My Broom (1936) by Robert Johnson and authors Dust My Broom (1951) by Elmore James. Students should identify phrases and lines borrowed from Johnson by greatest man i never, James. Inform them that Johnson borrowed lyrically from others as well. Specifically, phrases from three early blues songs#151;Kokomo Arnold's Sagefield Woman Blues and Essay Sissy Man Blues and Carl Rafferty's Mr.

Carl Blues#151;appear in I Believe I'll Dust My Broom. Ask students what they think about this kind of borrowing. Why would blues singers borrow from one another in this fashion? How might the original writer feel about his/her phrases appearing in the lyrics of another blues musician's songs? How might the fact that the blues is greatest man i, based largely on African American oral tradition, in which stories were passed down from generation to generation, have shaped the short aid examples phrase-borrowing that is so common to the blues? [Robert Johnson's song lyrics are at and Elmore James' can be found at] While borrowing lines or phrases from other blues songs was accepted practice, especially in early blues (up to the 1950s), blues musicians weren't necessarily happy when white artists borrowed their music, remaking it for white audiences. Illustrate this idea by watching the segment Sam Phillips in the film The Road to Memphis . After viewing, discuss: How do Sam Phillips and Ike Turner view the borrowing of blues music by white artists differently?

Why might Turner have been less approving of such borrowing than Phillips? How is this borrowing different from floating verses as previously discussed? Why might black blues artists in the 1950s not have seen white artists' borrowing as a compliment? Do cultural differences come into play when assessing appropriate and inappropriate borrowing? Conclude this exercise by assigning students to compose an article in the voice of Robert Johnson in which he describes the difference between the practice of floating verse and plagiarism. Research and Analysis.

Assign students to research the history of the greatest knew lyrics blues, focusing on both the music from which the term aid examples blues emerged (field hollers, work songs, spirituals, and country string ballads) as well as early blues performers. Research should consider the lyrics following: How the blues represents an extension of the African American oral tradition How the AAB blues form connects to African music and early African American music The connection between slave music lyrics and blues lyrics The history of the floating verse Because these topics are very large (and the focus of many academic studies of the blues), students should be encouraged to view their findings as ideas rather than as definitive answers. When students have been given adequate research time, the class can hold a forum in Essay, which these issues are discussed. Assign students an essay where they either agree or disagree with the following assertion: Musicians who incorporate samples from other songs into their music today are no different from greatest man i never blues musicians who used floating verse. Therefore, copyright law should not apply. The U.S.

Copyright office at will provide some background. 1. Authors Definition. Blues lyrics, in addition to often following the greatest man i never knew lyrics AAB blues format, frequently tell a story. This exercise encourages students to raisin sun, consider the storytelling feature of the blues while allowing them to write their own blues song in AAB blues format. Lyrics. Start by playing B.B. Authors. King's Three O'Clock Blues. Discuss the story in the song. Next, identify how the song conforms to the AAB blues format, with the first two lines in the verse being the same and the third, different; the A line presents an issue, while the B line presents the greatest knew conclusion. Give students a few minutes to brainstorm a short story about short term aid examples which to write their own blues song. Topics might include asking someone out on a date, completing a homework assignment, or performing in a school event#151;athletic or otherwise.

Once students have each identified a story, inform them that they will use B.B. Greatest Man I Never Knew. King's song as the raisin in the base from which to write their own blues song. Greatest Man I Never Lyrics. Record the song's first verses on the board: Well now, it's three o'clock in the morning. And I can't even close my eyes. Three o'clock in term, the morning. And I can't even close my eyes. Can't find my baby.

And I can't be satisfied. Assign students to change the greatest knew lyrics last line of the verse to a line corresponding with the story they want to tell. A student creation might read: Well now, it's three o'clock in the morning. And I can't even close my eyes. Stakeholder. Three o'clock in the morning. Greatest Never. And I can't even close my eyes. My computer lost my report. And I'm just fit to be tied. Essay On Social. Next, encourage them to move further away from the original in another rewriting of the verse. This time, the verse might read: Well now, I woke up early this morning.

And my eyes were burning with pain. I woke up early this morning. Greatest Never. And my eyes were burning with pain. I stayed up all night writing. 'Cause my computer lost my report again. Once all students have composed a verse to their own blues song, provide them time to write at authors definition least two additional verses. When class members all have their verses written, ask them to post their lyrics up in the classroom. Greatest Man I Knew. Invite students to read the work of their classmates, borrowing lines that they particularly like from short aid examples one another's work and incorporating these lines into knew, their own songs.

Inform students that borrowing lines, a concept further explored in the Focus Exercise , was common practice in early blues. 2. Much that became rock and roll was borrowed from the blues, both in terms of the music and the lyrics. To have students consider the HIgher Education lyrical legacy of the never knew lyrics blues on popular music, ask them to stakeholder mapping, complete a side-by-side comparison of blues song lyrics and popular song lyrics from the same era, taking examples from the 1950s, 1970s, and today. The following checklist of blues song elements can serve as a guide for assessing each song: ____geared toward a specific demographic. ____no specific audience intended. Blues songs to consider can include: Some options for popular music comparisons: 1955 #10 hit: Fats Domino, Ain't That a Shame 1956 #5 hit: Chuck Berry, Maybellene 1957 #12 hit: Patsy Cline, Walkin' After Midnight 1958 #6 hit: Frank Sinatra, Witchcraft 1959 #7 hit: Bobby Darin, Mack the Knife 1970 #1 hit: The Jackson 5, ABC 1971 #1 hit: Isaac Hayes, Theme From Shaft 1974 #6 hit: ABBA, Waterloo 1976 #1 hit: The Manhattans, Kiss and Say Goodbye 1979 #1 hit: Michael Jackson, Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough As a class, analyze both the greatest never form and topical content of the lyrics, focusing on whether there is sufficient evidence to suggest that blues song elements crossed over into popular music of the same time period. Readings: Burns, Loretta. A Stylistic Analysis of Essay to Privacy Networking Sites, Blues Lyrics . Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1977.

Kovacs, Edna. Writing Across Cultures: A Handbook on Writing Poetry and Lyrical Prose . Hillsboro, OR: Blue Heron Publishing, 1994. Tracy, Stephen C., ed. Write Me a Few of Your Lines: A Blues Reader . Knew. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999. Web Sites:

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Salman Rushdie. An Anthology of Critical Essays in man i lyrics New Millennium. The Novels of Salman Rushdie: A Postcolonial Reading. Section-A Midnight’s Children: Fiction, History and the Nation. 1. Presentation of a Wounded Civilization: A Cosmopolitan Perspective of Midnight’s Children. 2. The Dichotomous Nature of Decolonisation of India in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children. Sutanuka Ghosh Roy.

3. Interfacing Myth vs. History: A Postcolonial Study of Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children. Ram Bhawan Yadav. 4. Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children: A Kaleidoscopic View. T. Sasikanth Reddy.

5. Aid Examples. In Time of Narrating the Nation: Rushdie’s Transcendence of National History in Midnight’s Children. Section-B Diasporic Identity, Intertextuality, Treatment of History and Autobiography. 6. Diasporic Identity in Salman Rushdie's Shalimar the greatest man i lyrics, Clown. 7. Indianness and Satire of History in Salman Rushdie’s The Moor’s Last Sigh. 8. Journey towards New World in the selected Novels of stakeholder Salman Rushdie. 9. Globalization and Cosmopolitanism: Major Themes in the Works of Salman Rushdie. Hetal K. Kachhia. 10. Man I Never. Theological Aspects and Diasporic Sensibilities in Rushdie’s Satanic Verses.

11. Salman Rushdie’s Shame: A Study of Narrative Strategies. Nesha Sabar and Pramod Kumar Das. 12. Salman Rushdie: A Self-Proclaimed Controversialist. 13.

Chutneys, Pickles, Palimpsests and Collages: Lived and themes in a raisin in the, Imagined Temporalities in man i never the Works of Salman Rushdie. 14. Nation and Non-narration: Multiplicity, Hybridity and sun, Heterogeneity in Salman Rushdie’s The Moor’s Last Sigh. Manjeet Kumar Kashyap. 15. Greatest Knew Lyrics. Metautobigraphicity: Some Observations on Salman Rushdie’s Enchantress of Florence-165. A Note on Contributors’ Profile.

The Novels of Salman Rushdie: A Postcolonial Reading. Salman Rushdie’s novels launch a scathing critique of intellectuals and politicians whose endorsement of pluralism is purely rhetorical. …Rushdie shows that people who claim to promote unity are actually complicit in creating ethnic strife… Rushdie wants a productive, inclusive cosmopolitanism…can have serious unintended consequences. (Trousdale 91) Rushdie may epitomize the migrant writer par excellence with all its potential for reinventing the world and the subject of human identity, but the Rushdie affair also places him in a position in which he seems to personify the flip side of short term globalization—that is, the man i lyrics, clash of civilizations, the increasing gap between cultures, and the proliferation of fundamentalism. (Frank 132) The winner of the Booker Prize (1981), the definition, Booker of Bookers (1993) and the Best of the Bookers (2008) and, of late, the PEN Pinter (2014), the name that has dominated the greatest never, literary world since establishing himself as a leading exemplum of postcolonial, postmodern and diaspora writings, is the renegade, Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie. Themes In A In The. Famous for multifarious writing, he himself is a multifaceted personality, often emerges as an unpredictable figure with an unfathomable depth of creativity and criticism. Being an iconoclast, Rushdie never chooses the trodden road: he rather plunges headstrong into the unexplored territories of greatest man i lyrics literature, not yet attempted. For the in the, Booker, he never ran the race rather he reached the zenith of the success by bagging the same for Midnight’s Children in 1981. This monumental novel has carved niche not only in the history of the Indian English literature but also in the multilingual Literature/s written across the world.

Rushdie played a ground-breaking role in new beginnings — the blending of greatest never knew history with fiction and interpersonal relationship, magic realism. Greatest Man I Knew Lyrics. With him begins the era of new writings, new experiments giving him a new identity — the postmodern figure and a progenitor of short term new generation - the “midnight’s children”. Not only his works but he himself also is a postmodern product - a blend of a god for lyrics, literary aestheticians and a Satan for religious aestheticians. He has therefore generated enormous interest in intellectual circles as a vibrant writer for analysis and interpretation of his writings. He is a recipient of the ‘Booker’ from the judges of authors definition literary art, ‘hooker’ from political commercials and ‘Fatwa’ from the greatest man i knew lyrics, self-declared custodians of Islam, of Allah. He is a fighter combating with his two selves—the inner and the outer, and also at definition the same time with the external world for his The Satanic Verses. His literary dictatorship entangles him into controversies, and arrows of words penetrating his heart and mind compelling him for greatest knew, introspection.

However, Rushdie defends himself at an appearance at 92nd Street Y, expressing his views on copyright while answering a question whether he had considered copyright law barriers (impediments) to free speech: No but that’s because I write for a living, (laughs) and have no other source of income, and I naively believe that stuff that I create belongs to me, and that if you want it you might have to give me some cash. […] My view is I do this for a living. The thing wouldn't exist if I didn't make it and so it belongs to me and don't steal it. You know. It's my stuff. 1.

He advocates the in California, application of higher criticism, pioneered during the late 19th century. Man I Knew. In a guest opinion piece printed in The Washington Post and “The Times” in mid-August 2005, Rushdie called for a reform in Islam: What is needed is a move beyond tradition, nothing less than a reform movement to bring the core concepts of Islam into the modern age. A Muslim Reformation to combat not only the jihadist ideologues but also the dusty, stifling seminaries of the traditionalists, throwing open windows to let in much-needed fresh air . . In A. . It is knew lyrics high time, for starters, that Muslims were able to study the revelation of their religion as an event inside history, not supernaturally above it, . . . Broad- mindedness is related to tolerance; open-mindedness is the sibling of piece. 2. Call him a defector or a Satan or an antireligious rabble but he seeks God’s blessings by asking for an apology through his Luka and the Fire of Life. The apology is not for having been blasphemous but for Essay to Privacy on Social Sites, having shaken the faith of Muslims before preparing a suitable environment for developing humanist and rational thinking in them that could save them from being blind traditionalist and religious fundamentalists. The heterogeneous journeys of his writing transform him into a sage of literary art and devotee of the God, the Allah. He admits, “Man is the storytelling Animal, and that in stories are his identity, his meaning, and his lifeblood” (Luka 34).

It is for this reason, perhaps, the Allah saved Rushdie from greatest lyrics, Hezbollah’s bomb attack to assassinate him. Moreover, despite all controversial condemnations, he was knighted for his services to literature in the Queen’s Birthday Honours on 16th of June, 2007. He remarked, “I am thrilled and humbled to receive this great honour, and I am very grateful that my work has been recognized in Education Essay this way.” 3 Rushdie’s emergence with his creative bulk has dazzled and amazed for being unconventional rather than becoming conundrum for both, the contemporary authors and the readers. He began writing as an anti-colonial and postcolonial reactionary to the West; he switched to incorporate diasporic experiences of never his own and of other migrants as well. He, thus, pioneered himself in Diaspora writing and world literatures which are over-ripe fruits of postcolonialism. He pioneered himself as a major voice of decolonization, multiculturalism, diasporic experiences and short, also of new humanism. His works embody the stamp of concurrent Indian conventions and Indo-Anglian interests which lead him to interface with the man i never, worldwide readership, especially to HIgher in California Essay the Western audience. The publication of The Satanic Verses landed him in the labyrinth of controversy worldwide and resulted decreed death sentence (Fatwa) on him. It epitomizes the postcolonialists’ flimsy and constant battle to balance the demands of conflicting cultures. Man I Never Knew. Struggling with his inner conflicts and colonial identity, living as a permanent outsider, he searches for term aid examples, personal authenticity in one or many cultures.

He is the spokesperson for the people of the subcontinent who are presently residing in the alien lands. Staying within the domains of the mainstream ideologues such as Britain and never knew, the US, he mimics and comments on all Western ideologies and proves himself to be a representative of the East. Religious and cultural diversity of both India and Britain offers Rushdie a wealth of the experience of unnumbered issues and themes that consistently refract throughout his oeuvre. It is his multilevel experience that becomes valuable materials for the variety of his following novels. Every novel of Salman Rushdie deals with the thoughts of stakeholder mapping techniques national and International theses keeping in mind his primary focus on his India and greatest never knew, its subcontinents i.e. Pakistan and Bangladesh. The very opening pages of his novels evoke the authors, themes of greatest man i never migration, exile, diasporic consciousness, nationalism, multiculturalism, dualism etc. His writings have become the focus of a certain kind of struggle for cultural identity in Britain and other Western states. Midnight’s Children, his magnum opus, is an agenda of postcolonial and postmodern reactions.

The novel is a conglomeration of an assortment of themes occurred in postcolonial India. It is a fantasized version of the historical reality of India that spans from the Jallianwala Massacre of 1919 to definition the period of Emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi in 1977. Rushdie’s new venture of blending history with fiction and fiction with history employing the technique of magic realism and greatest never, supernatural elements make the novel characteristically more different than what many other authors had already attempted. Midnight’s Children is superficially the biography of Saleem Sinai and potentially autobiography of interpersonal Salman Rushdie but allegorically the history of India. The same has recently been adapted to a movie with eponymous title by Deepa Mehta in which Rushdie has given his voice over. Employing the narrative techniques of Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Gunter Grass, Rushdie amalgamates facts with fiction so artistically that sometimes it becomes a Herculean task to differentiate between truth (history) and fiction (literary invention). Midnight’s Children, thus, has become a trend-setter since its publication in greatest man i never lyrics 1981. As Rajeshwar Mittapalli and Pier Paulo Piciucco put it:

The imaginative re-working of Indian history in a culturally hybrid environment, the innovative use of literary techniques. together with a supreme command of the English language and a genius for story telling modeled on the hoary Indian narrative traditions and cultural practices, had established Midnight's Children as a trend setter and classic for all times. (Preface) The novel deals with displacement and rootlessness which are the main factors of interpersonal identity crisis. Almost all the major characters whether it is greatest never knew lyrics Saleem Sinai or Shiva or Padma or Parvati suffer from this psychological disease of alienation and identity crisis. Sinai is a true portrait of Rushdie for he himself is the victim of techniques same ailment. The hero Saleem, like his creator, wanders from place to place, from Bombay to Karachi and from Karachi to Bangladesh finally comes back to Bombay. Greatest Knew Lyrics. Rushdie himself returns to India again by the time, not to in a raisin sun the geographical India but to the “India of the mind” (Rushdie, 1991). In view of Klaus Boerner, “Midnight’s Children is a Copernican turning-point in greatest lyrics the history of literature and of ideas (23) that paves the path for other novels of Rushdie. The effect of this Booker winner substantive text has worked as guiding force behind writing other novels.

Thus, the interpersonal relationship, next novel Shame was found to greatest never knew be a shorter version of its predecessor Midnight’s Children dealing with the history of interpersonal relationship Pakistan- an “insufficiently imagined country, with a blend of diasporic discourse than of fiction. Overtly it is a novel about political turmoil of Pakistan presenting the themes, issues and conflicts of the then conditions but covertly it deals with many major and minor political and social issues. Knew. The novel marks the condition of Pakistani women in the light of postcolonial theory. The condition of diasporic women is worse; they are doubly marginalized, and are the victims of patriarchal dominance. In both of these novels, Rushdie’s representation of textualized history displays his multiple aspects that replace the uni-linear version of official history.

Rushdie’s history is the version of his memory rather than the officially written one. He never describes the past but remakes the past to suit his present purpose using memory as his tool. Authors. Midnight’s Children and Shame are to knew lyrics some extent, the history of India and Pakistan respectively. But his novels move beyond the bounds of history for the purpose of finding universal significance of historical forces that are operating at a particular phase of time. He manipulates the truth to HIgher Education fictionalize it and thus, makes the knew lyrics, real unreal and vice versa. The third novel of Rushdie, The Moor’s Last Sigh is more a postmodern than a postcolonial one. The protagonist and narrator Moor inherits the on Right to Privacy Networking Sites, blend of races and creeds of man i lyrics India. Authors. His mother Aurora has the blood of Portuguese invaders as well as Catholicism in her veins whereas his father is one of the last Jews of man i never knew lyrics Cochin and a descendant of Boabdil, the last Moorish ruler of Spain.

The entire family mimics the chaotic diversity of South India. Throughout the narrative Rushdie celebrates multiculturalism and hybrid ethnicity. This novel presents a family that splits on the views of nationalism and anti-nationalism and the division of the family symbolizes the divisions in term aid examples the country in the name of pro-Empire and freedom loving people. The Moor’s Last Sigh is also an attack on the parochial Hinduism led by Shiv Sena in Maharashtra. The people of Shiv Sena have led India towards its unwanted destination, towards a religious country instead of a secularist one. India is known for its unity in diversity-- its multi- ethnicity, its multi-religions and its multi-culturalism. But the fundamentalist Hindus and Muslims have led it astray.

This India is against the India that was dreamt of by its freedom fighters, namely Nehru, Gandhi, Subhash and Azad. Though the novel delineates the post- colonial history of India, its metaphoric and greatest knew lyrics, linguistic divisions yet it attack India for becoming a pseudo-secularist nation. The publication of The Satanic Verses, in which Rushdie treats Quran as a literary text, open for individual perceptions dared to HIgher in California attempt higher criticism but its aftermath created turmoil in his mind. However, Hindu Fundamentalists banned The Moor’s Last Sigh also in some parts of India due to its attack on Shiv Sena’s supremo, Late Bal Thackeray. But after his colonial and postcolonial narration, Rushdie moves towards global, pop and jazz music. His next novel The Ground beneath Her Feet, fictionalizes the fact of Ayatollah Khomeini decreed Fatwa on him. Rushdie begins the greatest lyrics, novel with the death of the female protagonist Vina Apsara on the fourteenth of February 1989, the very date of Fatwa.

The novel raises many global issues incorporating Greek myths and authors definition, applying postmodern technique. The Ground beneath Her Feet proposes the concept of a new world, a world free from communal, religious and national boundaries. In The Ground beneath Her Feet all the pains of Diasporas such as alienation, trauma and longing for homeland have faded out for knew, representative migrants Ormus and Rai’s love Teenage Vina Apsara, of this novel are valueless because music is beyond restraint. Because of globalization and interpersonal relationship, liberalization all the conflicts arising from border crossing have washed away. Therefore, diasporic consciousness has also become abstract rather than geographical or psychological. Hybridity and multiculturalism fused in the characters point out Rushdie’s view towards a future in never which the world, demolishing all boundaries, will be united to face any threat. However, Rushdie’s personality differs from his theory. He himself is unable to in California Essay step across the frontiers and it seems that he is still lingering within his parochial world from which he is lyrics destined not to come out.

The collision between the reactions of Islamic countries against him and his instinct for critiquing the religious fundamentalism produced a writhing fury within him. The novel Fury is a concrete and material form of his own abstract fury. Techniques. It is “his first 3-D, full volume American novel, finger snapping, wildly mind-boggling, often slyly funny, red- blooded and red toothed” 4 (Miami Herald). Malik Solanka, the hero of the novel, is a new version of Buddha who leaves his home for New York without informing anyone. Rushdie once again appears in the disguise of Solanka. Like his creator, Solanka also first flees from his academic life, then from his family and immersed into a world of miniatures. He creates a puppet called “Little Brain” and later seeing its popularity he himself becomes furious. Greatest Man I Never Knew. The novel accurately deals with the darkest side of human nature. The novel Shalimar the Clown is HIgher Education his return to the Indian sub-continent that he left in The Ground beneath Her Feet and Fury. Man I Knew Lyrics. This novel demystifies the political upheaval of Kashmir that resulted due to the interference of America. The novelist delineates the story of post-colonial Kashmir and explains the reasons why the paradise became hell, how the Hindu-Muslim unity came under suspicion, why and how the citizens of in a raisin paradise started becoming terrorists and knew lyrics, what role India and Pakistan played in creating the chaos and commotion.

Through the story of Shalimar and Boonyi, Rushdie displays the Hindu-Muslim harmony that existed before independence. The central theme of the stakeholder mapping techniques, novel is the making of a terrorist as terror becomes a global phenomenon and a cause of concern worldwide. The effort to look into the mind and get under the skin of a terrorist becomes an greatest never, artistic challenge that the novelist has dealt competently in Shalimar the Clown. In fact, the novel narrates the story of postcolonial and post-independence Kashmir. Since Rushdie is a political novelist, Shalimar the Clown is a blending of realism and magic realism.

Like The Moor’s Last Sigh, Rushdie again imagines a composite culture where race, religion and identity do not matter as in the idea of Kashmir. The novelist shows in how gradually the composite culture is in a raisin in the sun destroyed by both military and militancy. Before 1947, there was no point of dispute between Hindu and Muslim. They used to celebrate each other’s festivals. But the man i knew lyrics, independence of India and Pakistan transformed this paradise into a battle field where ignorant armies and citizens are being killed by their own citizens.

In his last venture, The Enchantress of Florence, Rushdie presents adventures of colonizers. The novel is set in medieval India, at themes in a raisin in the sun the time of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, the Great, at the time when colonizers began to arrive and establish their trade which is man i never knew customary with Salman Rushdie who never adheres to a single theme in his fictions. So is the Essay on Right, case with The Enchantress of Florence. Salman Rushdie makes the presence of the beaten past to create future better. The novel is knew lyrics set in the sixteenth century India. It delineates the colonial situations and in a sun, conditions in which Magor dell Amore is the greatest man i never lyrics, representative of white colonialists, who lands on the shore of India and makes his way to Sikri to the court of Akbar and succeeds in befooling the wisest king. The female protagonist of the fiction Qara Koz seems to represent the Essay on Right on Social Sites, counter discourse to the colonialism.

The colonial enterprise was a product of western androcentric imperialist desire. Qara Koz, on the other hand is a woman of Asian blood who manages to bring the whole of Florence, the greatest man i never, epitome of western civilization of that period under her influence. HIgher. She represents the subversion of the colonial enterprise. The novel has a helical structure and intertwines two stories going in diverse directions that present a beautiful picture of greatest man i how Mogor comes to India and becomes closer to short term Emperor than his nine jewels. In the same way Qara Koz goes, from greatest man i never knew, central Asia to Europe and becomes the heartthrob of Europeans. But in the end Mogor is exposed as liar and has to leave India. Mogor is relationship a symbolic representation of the British colonizers and Koz is symbolic of Indian beauty and innocence. Rushdie’s texts are built upon the themes and issues like- identity crisis, multiculturalism, humanism, feminism, postcolonialism and decolonialism.

In this novel Rushdie attacks Western Empire with the same tool that the British has used against the eastern countries. As a staunch de-colonialist, Rushdie takes each and every step for the decolonization of the mind. Knew Lyrics. He advocates psychological freedom what Ngugi calls, “Decolonizing the interpersonal relationship, Mind” along with the geographical and political freedom. Joseph Anton: A Memoir (2012), the latest production is an greatest man i knew, autobiography, written in third person narrative, of this “Britney Spears of literature”, (13) says Meenakshi Bharat. Joseph Anton is the pseudonym adopted by Rushdie after the Fatwa was issued against him in 1989. Joseph is Essay on Right Joseph Conrad and man i never, Anton is interpersonal relationship Anton Chekhov of greatest man i knew real life. The plight of themes raisin sun Rushdie post- Fatwa and his persistent attempt at making writing successful have been portrayed very excellently in this work. Mimicry of never lyrics Language is one of the tools of decolonization.

The west, through Macaulay’s Minute, started teaching English to acculturate the Asian mind to on Social Sites British patterns while Rushdie and his generation started conditioning the same language to greatest knew lyrics suit Asians and to respond to the Empire. In A In The Sun. For this, he mixes the words of Hindi, Urdu and other regional languages in English and englishsizes them without any reference or notes. Greatest Man I Knew. He, in his first major novel Midnight’s Children, exhibits the themes, complexities and quandaries that the project of Indianising the resources of English language entails. In each of his novels, he amalgamates words from several origins and tries to make them perfect. To quote Thiara: “Rushdie’s novels… emphasize India’s exuberant multiplicity and multi-vocality” (2009: 172). Thus, he becomes the greatest man i, leader of postcolonial authors who have taken the oath to “provincialize” English, and is determined to subvert the master’s tool in order to make it their own. Apart from themes in a in the sun, fictionalizing the man i never, truth of India Rushdie has a number of critical writings in the form of articles and papers and two critical treatises namely Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism 1981-1991(1991) and Step Across This Line: Collected Non-Fiction 1992-2002; two collections of story books Harun and the Sea of Stories and Luka and the Fire of short Life and an autobiography, Joseph Anton: A Memoir.

Rushdie has been followed, researched, read and criticized worldwide post-Midnight’s Children. He has been the literary pedigree of the greatest man i, budding authors especially from India. “He is very virtuoso and full of short term ideas”, says Cyrus Mistry in Jaipur Literature Festival in greatest lyrics 2014. Thus, a critical “virtuoso” is in California Essay imperative in the new millennium! Salman Rushdie, one of the pioneering voices of the “new Diaspora”, progenitor of series of controversies, what we call “Rushdie affair” in postmodern literary politics, has been superseding and has intrepid influence in greatest man i literary sphere. He has written history in fiction and fiction in history by presenting the “national allegory” of the nation right from 1947 till date. His literary journey—from Grimus (1975) to themes in the sun Joseph Anton (2012)—has been conspicuously rewarding via Midnight’s Children (1981). The present volume strives to greatest never lyrics seek to find how Rushdie is germane in the twenty first century politics of globalization, literary schema, and cosmopolitanism. The book has been divided into two broad heads—the first section intrinsically deals with the most popular book of Rushdie, Midnight’s Children while the second section contains Rushdie’s latter fictions which have been researched and themes in a in the sun, presented in the light of greatest man i never lyrics intertextuality, hybridity, diaspora and, of late, autobiography. The younger and the unheard voices, budding scholars from India and stakeholder techniques, abroad, candidly put forth their views on Rushdie’s various works in the present volume in the following ways: Suhaina Bi, in her paper, ‘Presentation of a Wounded Civilization: A Cosmopolitan Perspective of Midnight’s Children’, critically analyses cosmopolitanism with that of diaspora and postcolonialism. She presents ‘Cosmopolitanism as an ethos that is deduced from Enlightenment theories and values. It advocates a mode of humane thinking about the relationship between human beings without taking into consideration the geographical boundaries and a moral concern for different communities’ and further holds the view that ‘in his real life, Rushdie is struggling for his liberal ideals and freedom of expression and through his novels; he has raised his voice not only for a cosmopolitan but also for the whole humanity.

Rushdie retells the tragedy of the minority, which usually occurs at the time of socio-political chaos in most of the nations’. The essay entitled ‘The Dichotomous Nature of Decolonisation of India in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children’ by Sutanuka Ghosh Roy aims to look at history in a new way. This need for a new way of looking at older historical form makes Midnight’s Children a unique novel. The paper further explores ‘how Rushdie discovers an greatest man i knew, alternative to the typical historical traditions of historical truth as merely recorded facts. He fuses memory and the process of recalling memories. In the process he produces individual histories that sometimes overlap some aspects of recorded history’. The paper is concluded with an observation that ‘his (Rushdie’s) novels differ from the other Raj novels written by Essay, various authors, in so far as his vision of an Indian internationalism and multiculturalism embraces the politics of pluralism, whereas the Raj novels are more particular in the exploration of a British India. Man I Knew. Rushdie has shown us the dichotomous nature of themes in a raisin sun India’s decolonisation, even in the use of language he has dislocated the English and let others into it’. Ram Bhavan Yadav’s critique of Midnight’s Children has been put in different way in his research paper ‘Interfacing Myth vs. History: A Postcolonial Study of Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children’. Yadav attempts to capture theoretical functioning of the myths in postcolonial English literature, in general, and Indian English novels, in particular, which plays a vital role in the reformulation of natives’ self and identity.

In this context, his attempt is to knew lyrics read and examine Rushdie’s said novel that blends myths with history by using postcolonial theoretical approaches. Rushdie has credited the genre of myth as a strategy of liberation and as an ideological notion that denies historical petrification. “The way Rushdie treats the complex issues of identity and liberty makes him a central figure in techniques Postcolonial Literature”, he writes. Midnight’s Children, in the present volume, has occupied a coveted place for the study through multiple tools. But none other than T. Sasikanth Reddy’s article entitled ‘Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children: A Kaleidoscopic View’ surveys that Rushdie’s novels are complex, multi-layered with episodic causality, bearing strong influence of post-modernist novels as well as principles of the Indian art forms. His exalted diction, elevated word usage and felicitous word phrases leave strong impinge on the readers. The novel Midnight’s Children does not have a continuous forward narration rather it is greatest never lyrics complex and interrelated, based on structure repetitions and episodic casualties, which is in fact one of the strong points of the novel, as it is the perfect hitching of the content to the form. The paper ends with the conclusion that ‘Rushdie presents history through the metaphor of chutnification, which gives way to his narrative. In other words, Saleem is actually preserving the facts of stakeholder techniques history as chutnification, a method of perpetuation of each of the thirty one chapters in knew the novel which stand for ‘a pickle jar’. The first section, Midnight’s Children: Fiction, History and the Nation, ends with Asis De’s paper entitled ‘In Time of Narrating the Nation: Rushdie’s Transcendence of National History in Midnight’s Children’. De attempts an argument that challenges the historiographical dimension as the sole point of the narrative's charm. Definition. Alternately, he endeavours to establish the point that a Nation could never be understood in full from any personal and perspectival version of historical reality.

De clearly opines that ‘a writer is usually affected by the historical milieu in which s/he lives and never lyrics, the periods of an earlier time with which s/he associates his/her identity.’ The second section entitled “Diasporic Identity, Intertextuality, Treatment of History and Autobiography” is inaugurated with Vikrant Sehgal’s article ‘Diasporic Identity in Salman Rushdie's Shalimar the Clown’ outlines some of the main theories behind the post-colonial discourse, and he argues, from a diasporic perspective specifically thematic element in Rushdie’s Shalimar the Clown. It is his attempt, despite the interpersonal, influence of his emigration to England, to undermine how Rushdie constructs diasporic identity and culture by specific postcolonial literary techniques such as fragmentation, plurality and never knew lyrics, language. Indah Lestari’s paper entitled ‘Indianness and Satire of History in interpersonal Salman Rushdie’s The Moor’s Last Sigh’ observes that Rushdie’s novel focuses on the themes of knew lyrics Indian history and the search for identity. Stakeholder Techniques. These are narrated by being entwined with a family story, in never lyrics the way similar to Midnight’s Children. National history, like family history, is passed on from generation to mapping the next one. It is told from subjective point of view, and thus is greatest man i never knew lyrics subject to alteration.

Through her palimpsest painting, Aurora suggests this alteration. HIgher. National history is also built by foreign interference. Thus, Indian identity is complex in racial aspect. Moreover, India is also plural in terms of language, religion, and man i never lyrics, political orientation. The paper further aims to analyze the interpersonal, complexity of India as a nation-state from the aspect of its history as depicted in the novel and how Rushdie satirizes Indian history intertwining the protagonist’s personal life and historical events. Ajit Kumar’s critical venture on ‘Journey towards the New World in the Selected Novels of Salman Rushdie’ presents the array of diasporic authors and compares with the theme, technique, matter and manner with that of Rushdie’s novels and also the content and context of the postcolonial world that is adroitly presented by the author. Kumar concludes that ‘in the history of Indian Literature of English, Salman Rushdie’s efforts are well visible to the readers.

Right from his first novel Grimus to greatest man i never lyrics Midnight’s Children, Shame and The Enchantress of Florence, he seems to be an explorer of the of the interpersonal relationship, human psychology being in the modern world where people long for identity and peace but they all seem wandering for it. The effect of Diaspora is seen not only in the life of individuals but also in communities.’ Hetal K. Greatest Never Lyrics. Kachhia in her article ‘Globalization and HIgher Education, Cosmopolitanism: Major Themes in the Works of Salman Rushdie’ studies the major novels of Rushdie. She beautifully relocates the ‘globalization’ and ‘cosmopolitanism’ in the novels of Rushdie. She writes that ‘(I)f we look at greatest never knew the terms ‘globalization’ and ‘cosmopolitanism’ as the intermingling of different cultures and its different aspects and phenomena into one another, we can say that the works of Salman Rushdie compose a global and short term, intermingled fictional world by including the element of ‘intertextuality’, from his own works to the different allusions from others’ works, which makes the recurrences of characters and places possible from one text to another’. The next chapter in the volume is slightly different from the above mentioned papers. Greatest Man I Never. Hetal M Doshi in Essay on Right to Privacy her paper titled ‘Theological Aspects and greatest never lyrics, Diasporic Sensibilities in Rushdie’s Satanic Verses: An Analysis’ offers Rushdie’s attempt to fearlessly question some of the religious tenets which he finds devoid of logic. But at the same time, the paper also recognizes that the author has to be cautious in his presentation and execution, when his work deals with the religious sentiments of billions. Freedom of speech does not provide the license to be blasphemous. She brings the article to Education in California Essay a close that ‘the role of an art should be reflection, not action. Man I Knew Lyrics. It is the duty of an artist, more so of a writer to renew the perceptions about history, society and religion; not to shatter them’.

History has always surprised us with its various meanings. Salmon Rushdie writes at the crucial historical moment when new theories of history undermine recorded historical facts. Starting from Collingwood to Foucault—all have evinced history as the individual’s sole link to it. Nesha Sabar and Pramod Kumar Das also refurbish their evaluation of Rushdie’s narrative technique. But they chose a different novel, Shame, to deal with. Sun. In the knew lyrics, paper titled ‘Salman Rushdie’s Shame: A Study of Narrative Strategies’, they focus on the various narrative strategies used in the text. In doing so, they zero in on a range of strategies such as mimicry, history, fairytale, magical-realism, metafiction and intertextuality employed by Rushdie to knit the narrative and these devices, in turn, help us to understand the text in better and improved way. They conclude their observation that ‘Rushdie’s narrative style can be viewed as a tongue- in-cheek use and ‘abuse’ of techniques numerous literary narrative conventions and theoretical perspectives that include exaggerated reflections of colonial mimicry, unreliable narrator’s fairytale motifs and intertextuality.’ The anthology does not end with Ramesh Tibile’s ‘Salman Rushdie: A Self-Proclaimed Controversialist’. Tibile puts forth speckled rationale on Rushdie’s controversy which is his favourite legion. Greatest Never Knew Lyrics. He observes that ‘the political significance of Rushdie’s writing does not change from definition, text to text not because his subject matter changes but also because his political location changes.

In his work, Rushdie proposes only one rather tentative answer to the question of how a decentred being can work meaningfully, and that is by writing history of the particular country’. Temporality and history in the works of Salman Rushdie are unfinalizable and plural. Rushdie’s vindication of the man i never knew, ‘imaginative variety of definition truth’ and allegoric representations of nations, events and people challenge the greatest never lyrics, established notions about writing history into fiction. In his novels, borderlines between the public and private spheres of experience; memory and imagination; and reality and fantasy are deliberately blurred. Many metaphors suggestive of the nature of time, history and in California Essay, historiography are deployed in Rushdie’s novels and he uses the techniques of anachronism and flashback while turning history into fantabulous fictional narratives.

Rushdie justifies the artistic freedom an author may exercise while transforming the raw material of history into fictional narratives. In her critical essay entitled ‘Chutneys, Pickles, Palimpsests and never knew, Collages: Lived and mapping techniques, Imagined Temporalities in the Works of Salman Rushdie’, Bini B. S explores Rushdie’s multiple fiction in the light of Foucault’s criticism of the conventional historiography. She further holds the view that ‘History in Rushdie’s works takes the form of greatest knew a polyphonic narrative which is dappled with hues of hilarity, violence, shame, pain and caustic satire’. She concludes her paper with a notion that ‘(I)t is not necessary to tell apart lived experiences and a life lived in imagination. Aid Examples. History thus blurs into a realm of ambivalence, indeterminacy and inconclusiveness’. The next paper is complementary to Bini’s paper.

The objective of the paper entitled ‘Nation and Non-narration: Multiplicity, Hybridity and greatest knew, Heterogeneity in Salman Rushdie’s The Moor’s Last Sigh’ by Manjeet Kumar Kashyap is how to understand the fiction of Salman Rushdie. In his view, the in a, fiction of Rushdie is marked by greatest knew, modern historiography of India. Therefore, it becomes necessary to mapping techniques provide contextual knowledge for understanding his fiction. Rushdie does not depict the history and narrates the nation in their conceptualisation of glorious past. Thus, he contests and man i knew, radically re-interprets the interpersonal, meta-narratives of history and nation.

The ideas of nation and narration in his fiction are created through amalgamation of ethnic essence and speculative narration technique. He conceives even the very concept of “home” as “a scattered, damaged, concept in our present travails”. Such views refer to a shift from homogeneous nation-states based on the ideology of assimilation to a much more fluid and contradictory definition of nations as a multiplicity of diasporic identities. Vali Rahaman’s well-researched critical essay ‘Metautobiographicity: Some Observations on Salman Rushdie’s Enchantress of Florence’ observes the hypothesis that everything - concerning with / referring to writer, reader, the greatest never, presence of the writer, the absence of the author, and implicit, explicit images of author’s intensions - is required at the time of reading a text. And whatever lies in the themes of the text or whatever remains after culling from the themes of the text, belongs only to the author. Interpersonal Relationship. Rahman holds his view that ‘the text cannot exist without aspects of the greatest man i knew, author. The text without aspects of its author is a glitch.’

Thus, the anthology offers varied perspectives on Rushdie’s writings. The volume includes the researchers not only from India but also from stakeholder mapping techniques, abroad who are not well-known as critics but have more potential for becoming meticulous critics. They have ardently participated in the present volume to make this book worth reading. The multiplicity of subject matter, plurality of cultural edifice, subjectivity of identity discourse and ‘nostalgic diversity’ and of course multiculturalism make Rushdie’s vast corpus of literature discursive and digressive. The present volume offers the synchronic reality of the texts on the same. The fifteen critical essays included in greatest never lyrics the volume closely harmonize each other. 1. Radio show Medierna broadcast on Sveriges Radio P1 on 31 January 2009. Accessed on December 13, 2014. 2. dyn/content/article/2005/08/05/AR2005080501483.html (Para 5). Accessed on December 14, 2014. 3.

Accessed on December 15, 2014. 4. Essay To Privacy On Social Networking. Accessed on December 15, 2014. Bharat, Meenakshi. “First Words.” Rushdie the greatest man i knew lyrics, Novelist: From Grimus to The Enchantress of Florence. Sites. Ed. Meenakshi Bharat. New Delhi: Pencraft International, 2009. 11-17. Print. Greatest Lyrics. Boerner, Klaus.

The Reception of Midnight's Children in West Germany. Education. The Novels of Salman Rushdie. Eds. G. Greatest Never Knew Lyrics. R. Taneja, R. Education In California Essay. K. Dhawan. New Delhi: Prestige, 1992. 23-32. Print. Frank, Soren. Migration and Literature. Man I Never Knew Lyrics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Print.

Mistry, Cyrus. “I Don’t Aspire to Rushdie Writing.” Times of India. January 22, 2014. Print. Mittapalli, Rajeshwar, Pier Paolo Piciucco, eds. Short Term Aid Examples. Preface. Studies in Indian Writing in English. Greatest Never Lyrics. Vol. 2. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers, 2001.

1-10. Mapping. Print. Rushdie, Salman. Man I Lyrics. Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism 1981-1991. London: Granta Books, 1991. Themes In A Raisin In The Sun. Print. - Luka and man i never lyrics, the Fire of Life. London: Jonathan Kape, 2010. Print.

- “The Right Time for short term aid examples, an Islamic Reformation.” Web. 15 Dec. 2014. Thiara, Nicole Weickgenannt. Salman Rushdie and greatest never knew, Indian Historiography. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Print. Trousdale, Rachel. Nabokov, Rushdie, and the Transnational Imagination.

New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Print. Section-A Midnight’s Children: Fiction, History and the Nation. CHAPTER-1 Suhaina Bi Presentation of a Wounded Civilization: A Cosmopolitan Perspective of Midnight’s Children. Salman Rushdie has helped the relationship, Indian Writing in English to man i gain a reputation in on Right Sites World Literature in addition to win the prestigious prize of Booker of the Bookers for himself in 2008. He is the foremost writer who presented the Sub-continental Diaspora with all its geographical and psychological pros and greatest man i never, cons both in real and stakeholder mapping, virtual sense. Most of the man i knew, characters of his novels suffer from the disease of authors alienation and man i never, rootlessness because of their frequent and forced displacements. This is stakeholder mapping techniques perhaps the reflection of his own personality for he had to leave his home, not once but several times; sometimes at greatest never will and at other occasions by force. HIgher Education In California. Hence, he finds himself as a homeless individual in search of his “imaginary homeland”. He exploits his experiences both with critical and creative perspective. Greatest Man I Never Knew. He has repeatedly confronted the socio- political disasters and experienced many contemporary communal crises emerging in the Indian Subcontinent.

And it is these primary experiences of Rushdie which provide him with unique themes which he skillfully exploits to their utmost level in Essay on Right Sites his fiction. Such experiences enable him to present moral values beyond geographical and sociological borders and make him an advocate of a universal humanity. His novels present themselves through the eyes of a cosmopolitan or a rootless individual; because it is the cosmopolitan individual who can best analyze the knew, civilization which gets continuously wounded in the name of patriotism and nationalism or because of the loyalty concerned only to a specific community, doubtlessly happening on the cost of one’s own conscience in this age of multiculturalism and globalization. Cosmopolitanism as an ethos is deduced from Enlightenment theories and relationship, values. It advocates a mode of humane thinking about the greatest man i lyrics, relationship between human beings without taking into consideration the geographical boundaries and a moral concern for different communities. It supports the idea of weltburgerlich (Qtd. in Niesen 1) or the concept of short term ‘the world citizenship’. Cosmopolitanism is “globalist understandings of universal citizenship” (Niesen 2) and an intellectual and aesthetic stance towards divergent cultural experiences and it requires an ability to never see oneself from the perspective of others that is often developed through psychological disposition and is a structure of feelings evaluated through the geographical changes of an individual.

According to the anthropologist Ulf Hannerz, cosmopolitanism is a “willingness to short term become involved with the Others, and greatest man i never lyrics, the concern with achieving competence in cultures which are initially alien” (239-40). Cosmopolitanism is interpersonal developed among ordinary individuals because of the changes of their practices of everyday life that leads traversing emotional ties with strangers beyond geographical and man i knew lyrics, sociological borders. Cosmopolitanism results in the loss of ‘accidental’ identities which are generally acquired only by taking birth in a specific nation and community. According to Bentham, cosmopolitanism claims an individual perspective and autonomy of every human being. He says that cosmopolitanism refers to the moral universalism i.e. “the idea that every person, no matter who and no matter where located, has a claim to equal moral concern and respect” (qtd. in Niesen 5). Term. Cosmopolitanism seeks to greatest man i pluralize human attachments, enrich our solidarities with other groups. It claims a universal citizenship with the perspective of assimilation of a multicultural society in short which “others” can be seen on greatest man i never knew lyrics, par with the self. A cosmopolitan is, according to Robert Merton, a stranger in any local group but equipped with special knowledge and abilities which s/he takes with her/him to any other locality without devaluing it.

This knowledge and ability enables her/him to be accepted in interpersonal any locality. S/he has a social status that is acquired in another society. Though there is man i lack of the interpersonal relationship, knowledge of acquaintance which makes her/him rootless, but s/he possesses an ability to make her/himself at home in every new locality while moving throughout the world (qtd. in Hannerz 5). Cosmopolitan relies on never knew lyrics, creative thinking and every change in society seems to Education in California her/him normal and provides opportunities to reinvent her/his identity. S/he easily learns the new ways of an alien society. Her/ his life story has never a fixed centre of greatest man i lyrics shared wisdom but a prism like global perspective to analyze her/his life story. The approach of short Cosmopolitanism is very often applied and presented in Indian writing in English for the negotiation of greatest man i never knew English language has provided the authors of Indian literature a large cosmopolitan English speaking audience—whether Indian or non-Indian.

Cosmopolitan characters have been presented by relationship, the Indian English writers repeatedly in their postcolonial fiction. Sahgal’s A Time to Be Happy (1958) and The Day in Shadow (1971), Kamala Markandaya’s The Coffer Dams (1969), Khushwant Singh’s Train to greatest man i never Pakistan (1956), and Bhabani Bhattacharya’s Shadow from Ladakh (1966) may be presented as some of the stakeholder techniques, examples of such works. According to Pranav Jani, the cosmopolitan characters in the early postcolonial cosmopolitan novels were ‘namak halaal (true to its salt)’ cosmopolitans and were associated with their traumatic experiences and the sufferings of other cosmopolitans in greatest never lyrics another locality. There was a revolt against unequal gender relations and the continuing hold of traditional values. Early postcolonial cosmopolitan writers who presented the nation and authors, its history through their narratives could not be read as the “native informants” (16). But the novelists of the 1980s and 1990s, such as Amitav Ghosh in The Shadow Lines (1988), Shashi Tharoor in The Great Indian Novel (1988), Vikram Chandra (in Red Earth and Pouring Rain (1995), Rushdie in Midnight’s Children (1981) and The Moor’s Last Sigh (1995), and greatest man i never knew lyrics, Rohinton Mistry in A Fine Balance (1995) are regarded as “native informants” and they attempted to speak for the hierarchical problems of socio-political subversion and oppression of all Indians. There is “the shift from namak-halaal to post-national visions” of postcolonial cosmopolitanism in India” (Jani 237).

Rushdie is the most distinguished postcolonial cosmopolitan writer. In almost all of his novels he presents a cosmopolitan individual as the narrator of the short term, story, e.g. in Grimus (1975) the narrator Flapping Eagle is alienated and knew lyrics, marginalized in his own tribe because of his auspicious birth, in Midnight’s Children there is a search for imaginary homeland by its narrator Saleem Sinai and The Ground Beneath her Feet (1999) is preoccupied with the issues of globalization. Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children is the most distinguished novel in this range because of its presentation of radical and overt cosmopolitanism. He presents the psychological aspect of the enforced cosmopolitanism, the abrupt change of place and the resultant displacement of the individuals in his cosmopolitan fiction. His narrators are consciously narrating their own stories and protagonists seem to be without any essential national identity.

The present paper attempts to present the cosmopolitan experiences of the repeatedly displaced narrator Saleem Sinai of Midnight’s Children (MC) and his direct as well as indirect confrontation with the socio-cultural crisis and political conflicts of authors definition his age. The paper also deals with the similar experiences of some other characters around the narrator. Man I Never. The narrator Saleem Sinai is the illegitimate son of Vanita and William Methwold and is brought up by techniques, a Muslim family. Born at the midnight of 15 Aug, 1947, when the nation (India) also gets a new lease of life from the shackles of the foreign rule, his birth is celebrated because he is born with the nation and he is greeted by the first Prime Minister of the nation Pt. J. L. Nehru and also by greatest, the Time itself: “Clock-hands joined palms in respectful greeting as I came” (MC 3). He is the most celebrated child of the 1001 ‘midnight’s children’ because he belonged to an elite family of definition a minority community. His birth was publicly announced by his mother. Greatest Never Knew Lyrics. He finds himself “handcuffed to history” (MC 3) because of his birth with the nation itself that was also the starting of the new chapter in the history of the nation. This novel is an autobiography of its narrator for his infant son, Adam Sinai. Saleem blends personal history—a history of the three generations of a Kashmiri Muslim family—with the history of stakeholder mapping techniques his nation. He is self-consciously narrating the story in which he, sometimes, addresses directly to man i knew lyrics his readers as he says: “I should speak plainly, without the clock of a question mark” (MC 206).

His story starts from the year 1915 when his grandfather Aadam Aziz comes to India after completing his higher studies in Germany. Themes In A Raisin In The Sun. At that time, Kashmir was an independent state. Aadam Aziz is rootless because he is born and brought up in one nation (Kashmir) and gets his education in another (Germany). When he comes back he realizes that he does neither belong to the nation where he was born nor to the nation in which he got his education. He finds a sharp rift of cultural difference between the never knew, nations, which he is not able to comprehend. Interpersonal. When he moves to Amritsar with his newly married wife, Naseem Ghani, Jallianwala Bagh massacre of greatest lyrics 1919 takes place in front of his own eyes and he witnesses the mapping, spill of the blood flowing on the ground like the red medicine, mercurochrome. This incident shakes his faith in God that he is not able to regain throughout his life. He could not stay there and greatest knew lyrics, moved to Agra with his family. The above incident makes him staunch secular and an anti-colonialist. He has three daughters and two sons. Being influenced of Quit India Movement of 1942, Aadam marries his second daughter Mumtaz with “the rhymeless, verbless poet” (MC 55) Nadir Khan—a companion of secular leader, Skaikh Abdullah.

Mumtaz gets divorced from Nadir Khan in 1945 and remarries in 1946 with Ahmed Sinai. Essay On Right Networking Sites. It is her second husband who names her as Amina Sinai. Ahmed and lyrics, Amina move to Delhi where they have to confront the communal crisis. These are the days of turbulence when the well off minority people, especially Muslims, is threatened by short term aid examples, anti-Muslim groups like a group called Ravana. Ahmed’s business was burnt and greatest man i never knew lyrics, he is compelled to move to Bombay with his wife. He gets a home in Buckingham Villa. The owner of the Villa William Methwold restricts the new residents from bringing any kind of change in the Villa until the political power of the nation is formally transferred into the hands of the indigenous political leadership. After independence Saleem’s father, Ahmed Sinai has to definition go through a financial crisis because his assets are frozen for some time as it happens with the never knew, other well off Indian Muslims.

This is a very tough time for in a raisin sun, Indian Muslims who are seen as the advocates of Pakistan in spite of their decision of not migrating to Pakistan. They are considered as if they are the disloyal citizens of India. Knew Lyrics. In some cases, it was thought that “the Indian Muslims were hostages to be held in security for the treatment of Hindus in Pakistan” (Hasan 52). When Mahatama Ghandhi was assassinated on 30th of January, 1948, it was doubtful whether a Muslim was the short term aid examples, assassinator or a Hindu. This suspense created an man i knew, atmosphere of utter confusion and horror especially for Muslims for “if a Muslim did this thing there will be hell to term aid examples pay…” (MC 196). Such horrible circumstances compelled every Muslim to be conscious for her/his life even at the place where s/he has passed all her/his life. The narrator’s family was terrified and they “remained [confined] within the walls of Buckingham Villa (put furniture against the doors…” (MC 197). At the age of nine, Saleem gets the gift of telepathy, which enabled him to listen to the subconscious voices of the people around him. Never. He is now capable of observing what the people have in their subconscious mind. Through the introduction of the gift of telepathy, Rushdie enabled Saleem Sinai to present the cosmopolitan’s traumatic experiences which remain neglected for a long time. With the Essay Networking, help of this gift Saleem is able to record and latter on narrate the simultaneous events in a heteroglossiaial manner.

Various voices intermingle with each other at a single time and became a sort of ‘All India Radio’, which could observe heterogeneous experiences of the other cosmopolitan individuals in heterogeneous societies and give voice to such experience. When Saleem Sinai is ten years old, his ayah, Mary Pareira discloses the secret that he is not the greatest never knew lyrics, son of his present parents but of HIgher Essay Hindu parents. After the discovery of his birth he never finds himself at greatest man i never knew home while he is at his own home and amidst of his own people. He gets his early education in a convent school where he is repeatedly humiliated because of his physical deformity e.g. the scares on his face, a big nose and a bald patch on his scalp. But the gift of telepathy enables him to organize Midnight’s Children’s Conference “behind his eyebrows” (MC 287) which makes him realize himself that as a special child. In 1958, he and his family leave India to go to Karachi (Pakistan), where they reside for four years. In these years he and mapping techniques, his family are treated as inferiors in comparison to the indigenous people of the city. Never Knew. They are regarded merely as the authors definition, poor relatives of General Zulfikar Ali or else as “Muhajir” 1 . In Pakistan, he loses his contact with the other midnight’s children. But Saleem is after all capable of making himself to be identified as a special boy and better than Saleem is after all capable of making himself to be identified as a special boy and better than Zulfikar’s own son, Zafar. This movement from India to Pakistan provides him with a creative opportunity to be able to never knew adjust among the strangers and in a new locality. But he remains reserved and distant from his uncle’s family and other indigenous people and lives a life of term seclusion.

General Zulfikar trusts him and keeps him as a companion in some of his secret missions. Saleem and his family come back to India in 1962 after getting the news of his father, Ahmed Sinai’s heart-attack. His family reunites and greatest never knew, becomes happy once again. Definition. His return does not only make his family reunion possible but he also gets reunited with other five hundred and eighty one midnight’s children. Greatest Never Lyrics. It is the time when Sino-India war starts in 1962, in which Indian forces are defeated by China. Saleem witnesses through the gift of telepathy that due to the Sino- India war, Chinese-Indians have to suffer a lot. Networking Sites. The narrator says that the “mob attacked Chinese shoemakers, curio dealers and restaurateurs. the government even interned Indian citizens of Chinese descent—now enemy aliens” (MC 416). Thousands of Chinese-Indians from Kolkata, Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Jamshedpur, Mumbai and greatest never, Northeast are arrested and authors definition, send to the prison camps at greatest man i Deoli in authors definition Rajasthan where they are kept for five years in terrible conditions and extreme surveillance. These people are accused of being spies and most of them are forcibly deported to man i never China. Short Term Aid Examples. Only some of them are allowed to return to their respective homes. When these people return to their homes, their homes are already been auctioned off, looted or forcibly occupied.

They have to drudge a lot to start their lives once again and make a new beginning on the land where they had been living from decades or even for centuries (Mazumdar and Tankha 2010). Saleem has to undergo a surgical treatment for the disease of greatest knew lyrics sinus, which robs him of in California his gift of telepathy and activate his olfactory senses. With his hypersensitive nose, he becomes “capable of man i lyrics smelling sadness and relationship, joy, of sniffing out intelligence and stupidity” (MC 430). He is still capable of knowing the inner thoughts of the people around him due to his newly acquired sensory power. Saleem and his family shift permanently to Pakistan at the end of the year1962, where he “began to learn the secret aromas of the world, the heady but quick-fading perfume of new love” (MC 427). His father starts a new business and his family begins a new life. His sister Brass Monkey gets fame as Jamila Singer and is called “‘Pakistan’s Angle’, ‘The Voice of the Nation’, ‘Bulbul-e-Din’” (MC 435). But during the Indo-Pak war of 1965, Lahore (Pakistan) was burnt by Indian army and Saleem loses all his family members except his sister Jamila Singer in Pakistan and greatest man i never knew lyrics, maternal Uncle Mustafa Aziz in short aid examples India.

In this war, Saleem also loses his memory. Greatest Man I Knew Lyrics. But his olfactory senses still enable him to be a proud young man. Though looking much older than his age, he is equipped with especial knowledge and unique qualities, which provide him the opportunity to tolerate these new circumstances. He is not acquainted with the locality and its people and remains secluded from other people. Saleem joins Pakistan Army as man dog in Cutia unit 22 and is sent to Bangladesh. The war of Bangladesh provides him with another opportunity to experience the alienation of on Right to Privacy on Social Networking a people who are treated as aliens in man i knew their own country. He witnesses there the massacre of themes common people.

Once again, the blood flows like mercurochrome in the lawns. It was not only the killing of innocent human beings but rape, torture, arson, burning of the greatest man i lyrics, slums and villages and living villagers: “a maidan [field] in which lady doctors were being bayoneted before they were raped, and raped again before they were shot. Above them and behind them, the cool white minaret of the mosque stared blindly down upon the scene” (MC 524-5). All this is done by the Muslims with the Education, Muslims of greatest other states. After Indo-Pak war of 1965 and authors definition, the triumph of man i lyrics India in Bangladesh in 1971, Indian Muslims confront discriminations in different socio-political spheres. Saleem’s uncle Mustafa Aziz is a senior Civil Servant and number two in aid examples his Department but he was required of ‘being a chamcha [henchman]’ and ‘clearly the victim of greatest knew lyrics anti-Muslim prejudice, in a contradictory but absolute loyalty to the government of the day’ (MC 546). And “the family of Mustafa Aziz was indeed as crushed, as insect like, as insignificant as that mythically truncated Fly” (MC 545). On 16th of December, 1971 Saleem comes back to India with the help of one of his companion of themes in the sun midnight’s children, Parvati, the witch through “the basket of invisibility” (MC 482). He goes to his uncle’s home but his uncle Mustafa does not allow him to live with him in his home because Saleem does not belong to greatest never lyrics the nation where he was born and where his birth was once celebrated by the whole nation.

On 25 June, 1975 Indira Gandhi imposes Emergency on India which results in stakeholder mapping techniques the ‘suspension-of-civil rights, and censorship of the press, and armoured-units-on-special-alert, and arrest-of-subversive-elements’ (MC 585). In 1976, Indira Gandhi’s son Sanjay Gandhi starts to act as a prince and organized the Sanjay Youth Movement. Greatest Never Knew. Sanjay Gandhi is on Right to Privacy Networking determined to the beautification of cities and to stop the growing population of India. For his determination to the beautification of the city, magicians’ ghetto is destroyed. And for his determination to stop the growing population of the country, the young men are captured and sterilized. Saleem and other midnight’s children are also captured and vasectomised. The Emergency is greatest man i never ended on 18th Jan 1977. Though Saleem is born in India and passed initial eleven years of his life in India, he leaves India in 1958, and lives for twelve or thirteen years in Pakistan where he lose all his family as well his memory, and later on spends few months of his life in Essay on Right to Privacy on Social Networking Sites East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). He returns to India in never lyrics 1971. Saleem witnesses the prominent historical events of these three countries: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. But he is primarily a nowhere man: “my status as defeated-soldier-on-the-run” (MC 542).

He does not belong to Essay on Right any country though he is always capable to be adjusted in any community and could confront any circumstances. Greatest Man I Never. Every type of socio-cultural and geographical change provides him the opportunities to prove his creativity and capability as the ‘citizen of the world’. He and his family are always displaced by force, whether social or political, but never by their will: “In my family, we always go when we‘re pushed The boatman Tai drove my grandfather from Kashmir; Mercurochrome chased him out of Amritsar; the collapse of her life under the carpets led directly to my mother’s departure from Agra; and many headed monsters sent my father to on Right to Privacy Sites Bombay” (MC 118-9). Never Knew. Such enforced transformation makes Saleem distant from every culture; whether of his own community or country, or of other localities. He does not follow the practices, beliefs and ways of life concerned to a particular culture or society. He thinks that these practices and beliefs are being followed not because they are intrinsically based on any good or right concept but they are regarded as right for they are concerned to in California a particular community to greatest man i knew which the person belongs. And such practices make a man conservative on the level of humanity.

People of one community prefer to tease the people of another community or group. HIgher. Saleem and his family have to confront the similar circumstances. Ahmed Siani’s business is ruined when he is in Delhi and is demanded extortion money by the anti-Muslim group for the safety of his business in a communal crisis when India is about to achieve her independence: independence from every evil. Though he is a stranger in the magicians’ ghetto, he is welcomed there and finds himself attached to all the other strangers and identifies himself with them. Saleem is man i never greeted as “Saleem Kismati, Lucky Saleem” (MC 541) in the magicians’ ghetto because after his arrival in authors the ghetto, the magicians found more opportunities to getting money and greatest man i never knew, new ideas for their magical tricks which make their talent more attractive: “Other artistes began to his new peaks of achievement - jugglers managed to keep one thousand and one ball in the air at a time, and themes raisin sun, a fakir’s as-yet-untrained protegee strayed on to a bed of hot coals, only to stroll across it unconcerned, as though she had acquired her mentor’s gift by greatest man i never lyrics, osmosis” (MC 540-1). Though wherever Saleem lives he is authors definition able to make his new identity yet, he never finds himself totally attached to the place he lives in. He is instead always psychologically ready to leave the place even after passing a good time there. Man I Never. There is not a single moment when Saleem regrets his decision to leave the place, whether it is his birth place, Bombay (now Mumbai) or Lahore where he reaches his adolescence. There is a lack of attachment, which helps Saleem to move away from social disorganization and aid examples, insecurity and enables him to remain mobile. He is never limited to greatest a particular geographical region and remains emancipated from every limitation concerned to the geographical boundaries.

He remains reserved and authors definition, distant from indigenous people but he is at the same time flexible and ready to do everything for them, whether it is to accompany General Zulfikar on his secret political mission or it is his marriage with Parvati-the witch when she is pregnant by Shiva, another midnight’s child and Saleem’s rival. He never realizes the need for having a life-time relationship with any other human being as his life-partner, a friend or a neighbour. Saleem has never been acquainted with the locals but he is greatest man i never knew lyrics always appreciated by authors, them because of his deep knowledge of human beings, which has been gained by man i never, him due to his gift of telepathy and olfactory senses. He is always surrounded by different cultures e.g. he was born form Vanita (a Hindu) and William Methwold (a Christian), brought up in a Muslim family, got his education in a mission school and his friends are Hindu and Christian and he has to move to a Muslim country Pakistan with his family. And finally, he lives with the atheist magicians: “They were a people who denied the supernatural, they were artistes, and like all performers had an implicit faith in definition luck, good-luck-and-bad-luck” (MC 540). Instead of immersing him on mental scale, the cultural differences provide him with the opportunities to develop his creativity with a better strength than before. Greatest Man I Never Knew. These cultural differences seem superfluous to Saleem. He lifts himself above to the sphere of worldwide chaos of cultural diversities and competing groups. He belongs to the borderless society of strangers and legitimizes strangehood, which seemed to him as a religion. He has faith in the unseen and he never finds his loyalties limited to any specific region but his loyalties transcend to the whole universe.

Hence, he is emotionally moved with the same intensity when he comes to HIgher Education in California Essay know the never knew, horrible experiences of Chinese Indians as he was moved with the horrible experiences of Indian Muslims. He does not want to belong to a particular group or community and chooses to remain an outsider. But he remains at the same time attached to authors the whole humanity and greatest never, is thus able to feel the sufferings of all the communities. Short Term Aid Examples. He loses his identity, which he acquires by birth and cannot therefore be identified with anything that belongs to him by birth. Wherever he goes, he invents a unique identity for himself. In Bombay, he was known as “Snotnose, Sniffer, Mapface, and Piece-of-the-Moon” (534). When he joins Pakistan Army as man dog in Cutia unit 22, he is called Buddha because he had “learned the art of submission, and did only what was required of him” (488). He is treated as inferior because he does not follow the ways of life of the young people of man i never lyrics his age. He restrains the authors definition, local influences and attempts to remain original as he is structured by his experiences. He is knew lyrics acquainted with the subtle and emotional aspect of authors definition transition. He learns new ways of thinking very easily because he can listen to the subconscious voices of the greatest never lyrics, people, and can smell the intention of the people around him.

Saleem’s autobiography—or to say history— cannot be understood from a single or fixed perspective. On Right To Privacy. His personality has the prism-like characteristics. Saleem is not a rootless traveller. He travels through the different localities and greatest never knew, manages to remain loyal to each locality he lives in. His primary motive is the happiness of the mankind.

He wants to in a raisin sun rearrange history so that the misconceptions and misinterpretations can be erased from the midst of common people. He employs a perspective of ‘dialogic imagination’, which encourages him to man i lyrics accept the coexistence of his rivals. It is, for him a matter of Essay on Right to Privacy on Social Sites fate to compare, reflect, criticize, and understand the contradictory forces. In this novel, Rushdie presents the journey of a nation from greatest man i never, a secular state to the state where communal card is relationship used to get more and more political power, which in turn affects the life of every human being; whether it is of the simpleton or of powerful elite, of indigenous or a cosmopolitan. In his real life, Rushdie is struggling for his liberal ideals and freedom of expression and through his novels; he has raised his voice not only for a cosmopolitan but also for the whole humanity. Rushdie retells the man i never lyrics, tragedy of the minority, which usually occurs at the time of socio-political chaos in most of the nations. In such circumstances, people find themselves alien even in their own homelands and among their own people. The narrator Saleem Sinai is capable to record all the authors definition, events personally because his family has been forced to move to the different places in the sudden upsurge of communal ideologies. All these events have taken place before him and he has directly been affected by these events.

The other source of his information is the experience of five hundred and eighty other midnight’s children, who are expelled and who act as ‘a gang which was spread all over the length and never knew lyrics, breadth of the country and whose headquarter were behind my eyebrows? ‘Midnight’s Children’s Conference’ (MC 287). The novel Midnight’s Children is tracing the betrayal of optimism that the common man have had after independence in the name of secularism and equal civil rights to all: “The disease of optimism, in those days, once again attained epidemic proportions” (MC 416). When the power struggle starts between two political parties or two nations, common people have to suffer. They face the strife not because of their own faults but the only reason is that they belong to a particular community. Rushdie is successful in voicing the suppressed truth as Neil Ten Kortenaar says: “it sounds like a continent finding its voice” (MC 22). He is mapping techniques successful in presenting a cosmopolitan perspective in the novel Midnight’s Children. It contains Beck’s “dialogic imagination” which means “the clash of cultures and greatest man i lyrics, rationalities within one’s own life” (MC 12). Such clashes make “the cosmopolitan perspective is an alternative imagination, an imagination of alternative ways of stakeholder mapping techniques life and rationalities, which include the otherness of the man i, other” (MC 18). 1: I used the word “Muhajir” not from the text but as a metaphor to show the helpless condition of Indian Muslim immigrants in themes raisin Pakistan. Though they were promised to get equal rights but they were denied, deceived and never, treated as refugees. Beck, Ulrich.

The Cosmopolitan Society and its Enemies. Term Aid Examples. Web. 13 Oct. Knew Lyrics. 2012. Hannerz, Ulf. “Cosmopolitans and Locals in raisin in the World Culture”. Theory Culture Society. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. Hasan, Mushirul. “Adjustment and Accommodation: Indian Muslims after Independence”. Social Scientist Vol 18 (1990): 48-65.

Web. 08 June. 2012. Jani, Pranav. Decentering Rushdie: Cosmopolitanism and the Indian Novel in English. USA: Ohio State University, 2010. Print. Kortenaar, Neil Ten. “Midnight’s Children and the Allegory of man i History”. Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children: A Book of Readers.

Ed. Authors Definition. Meenakshi Mukherjee. Delhi: Pencraft International, 2003. Greatest Never Knew. 28-48. Print. Mazumdar, Jaideep and Ishan Tankha. “Shame: Wages of Loyalty.” Web. 05 June. 2012. Niesen, Peter. Bentham's Cosmopolitanism, Theory and Practice. Stakeholder Techniques. Web.

11 Oct. 2012. Rushdie, Salman. Midnight’s Children. London: Vintage Books, 2008. Man I Lyrics. Print. CHAPTER-2 Sutanuka Ghosh Roy The Dichotomous Nature of Decolonisation of India in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children. What is history?

Who writes it? Where does it start? Are these divine inspirations behind annals? When finally death comes how one should react to it? Is it possible to leave a trace of authors one’s existence? Can a nation’s history be represented by a single character? What is the exact nature of a nation?

Ultimately what is the greatest man i never, nature of history itself? History, after all, is not something to be read only. It is not possible for a person to be solely a history-reader. In brief, human beings are history themselves: every second we die, we are born again, until the ultimate moment. The main or rather the only important thing is whether we are able to make history or not. By creating history I essentially mean describing events, and also giving human beings a personal identity--- narrating events from one’s own point of view, or creating a new one. Relationship. It is greatest never knew lyrics not that history is mere facts, history does have meaning, and in fact history has many meanings. In postmodern literature there are diverse opinions about history.

For Rushdie, the iconic writer, history is individual, and Essay to Privacy on Social Networking, history’s meaning is determined by the present. Salman Rushdie’s novel, Midnight’s Children published in 1981, is a modern epic, depicting India’s decolonisation with the waning influence of lyrics British rule. In 1993 Midnight’s Children was adjudged the ‘Booker of Bookers’, the best novel to have won the Booker prize in stakeholder mapping its first twenty five years. The novel is divided into three books. The book begins with the story of Sinai family and the readers are led with the events particularly up to never knew lyrics India’s Independence and partition. Techniques. “Born at the stroke of never midnight on August 15, 1947, at Essay Sites the precise moment of India’s independence, the infant Saleem Sinai is celebrated in greatest the press and welcomed by Prime Minister Nehru himself: “Dear Baby Saleem, ‘My belated congratulations on HIgher, the happy accident of your moment of birth! You are the newest bearer of that ancient face of India which is also eternally young. We shall be watching over your life with the closest attention; it will be, in a sense, the mirror of your own” (Rushdie, 1981:167). But this coincidence of birth has consequences, Saleem is not prepared for; his telepathic powers connects him with 1,000 other ‘midnight’s children’—all born in never knew lyrics the initial hour of India’s independence— are imbued with special powers. He has an uncanny sense of smell that allows him to sniff out dangers others cannot perceive. Saleem uses his telepathic powers and HIgher Education Essay, goes on to arrange for a Midnight Children’s, Conference (233) where various issues like cultural, linguistic, religious and political differences which the never, Indians face or India as a diverse nation faces are discussed.

He comes in contact with thousands of other children born closest to the stroke of midnight mainly Shiva “of the knees” and Parvati, “Parvati-the-Witch”. While Saleem grows up, his family begins a number of migrations, wars and suffers silently. Saleem also suffers from amnesia till he enters a quasi-mythological exile in the mangroves of the Sunderbans where he regains his memory. He reconnects with his childhood friends. During the process he becomes involved with the HIgher Essay, Indira Gandhi proclaimed Emergency and Sanjay Gandhi’s “cleansing” of the greatest man i knew lyrics, Jama Masjid Slum.

As a consequence he becomes a political prisoner. HIgher Education Essay. The Emergency is an indicator of the dichotomous nature of decolonisation of India. Greatest Man I Knew Lyrics. Inextricably linked to stakeholder techniques his nation, Saleem’s life is also a mixture of disasters and triumphs that mirrors the course of the dichotomous nature of decolonisation of modern India. Midnight’s Children is centered around India’s partition in 1947, which followed its newly granted independence, narrated by a par psychologically developed individual with an unusually grown nose, Saleem Sinai, “Baby Saleem’s nose: it was monstrous; and it ran” (Rushdie 1981:169). Saleem’s birthday coincides with the moment of independence (15 August 1947). Exactly after thirty years, fearing his imminent death and the subsequent urgency of leaving a legacy of his very own existence in this world, he is compelled to greatest man i knew tell his story to definition Padma his would be wife. We are taken back during World War 1 to the time when his grandparents Aadam Aziz and Naseem Ghani met and married, and then, slowly we begin to see Saleem closer and closer until we are back at the time of the narration. Due to his date of birth, Saleem is bogged down by knew lyrics, a constant surge of socially-inflicted pressure. Interpersonal. He then discovers he has telepathic abilities and can read people’s minds, he also discovers that this ability is also spread amongst other children of his generation: Telepathy, then: the inner monologues of all the so-called teeming millions, of masses and man i never knew, classes alike, jostled for Education in California Essay, space within my head (Rushdie, 1981:232).

To our utter surprise we discover that everybody who was born in that particular time has some sort of special powers. These are ‘midnight’s children’: every one of whom was, through some freak of biology, or perhaps owing to some preternatural power of the moment, or just conceivably by never, sheer coincidence (although synchronicity on short term aid examples, such a scale would stagger even C.G. Jung), endowed with features, talents or faculties which can only greatest knew, be described as miraculous. (Rushdie, 1981:271) A boy from Kerala has the ability to step through mirrors and reemerge through any reflective surface, including the polished metal bodies of automobiles. A blue-eyed child from Kashmir. can alter his or her sex by stepping into water. Still another, Parvati, is a true witch, with powers of interpersonal conjuration and sorcery. To Shiva, Saleem’s changeling brother, “the hour had given the gifts of war (of Rama, who could draw the undrawable bow; of Arjuna and Bhima; the ancient prowess of Kurus and Pandavas united, unstoppably, in him!)….” (Rushdie 1981:277).

When Saleem found this fact, he decided to create a link between all these special children through ‘Midnight’s Children’s Conference’. However, we are to remember that this is not the only story thread in this book: we also see a parallel development of the greatest man i lyrics, plot, namely Saleem’s own family’s difficulties and peregrinations to survive plagues, wars and his own mental issues (amnesia, cured in the Sunderban jungle). Saleem then chooses a politically active path, fighting against Indira Gandhi’s policies, especially measures against all those children— the midnight’s children. Dark clouds were gathering in on Right to Privacy Networking political skies as well: in Bihar, where corruption inflation, hunger illiteracy landlessness ruled the roost, Jaya-Prakash Narayan led a coalition of students and workers against greatest man i, the governing Indira Congress: in Gujrat, there were riots, railway trains were burned, and Morarji Desai went on a fast-unto-death to bring down the corrupt government of the Congress (under Chimanbhai Patel) in term that drought-ridden state… (Rushdie, 1981:575) Subsequently, to Gandhi’s political fall, the prisoners are set free.

It is at this point that Saleem’s turning thirty, he meets Padma and the novel starts. Exactly a year later, on greatest man i never, his birthday, he marries Padma and predicts his death on the same day. In the end of his life, Saleem decides to turn his eyes to history. He writes his own history as well as India’s, he writes a Chronicle dedicated to his son. It is when Saleem moves to Pakistan with his family, the Education in California Essay, novel swirls into a serious concern with the political and military history of the greatest man i knew, two rival nations in the sub-Himalayan triangle. Under the surface of comedy, the tone darkens, it becomes Swiftian. There are passages of mordantly ironic satire juxtaposed against scenes of phantasmagoric horror. We are literally shocked by the story of the wife of Saleem’s uncle Mustapha Aziz, who has been passed over forty-seven times for the headship of his department, is driven insane, By a life in themes in a sun which she has been required to begin ‘ being a chamcha’ ( to never knew lyrics forty- seven separate and successive wives of number-ones whom she had previously alienated by her manner of colossal condescension when they had been wives of number-threes…. Interpersonal. If Indira Gandhi had asked him to commit suicide, Mustapha Aziz would have ascribed it to anti-Muslim bigotry but also defended the statesmanship of the request, and naturally, performed the task without daring ( or even wishing) to demur. (Rushdie, 1981:546) Rushdie’s story is an greatest knew, integral part of Indian Heritage (the readers feel as if not its personification itself), mingled with sunlight and HIgher in California Essay, darkness.

Here history (his-story) is a fine blend of happy, glorious ecstatic moments. There is a sense of pride in being part of this wonderful mosaic. We carefully watch and observe that India was not only man i knew, subjugated by the British for centuries but it is also subjugated by its own internal malice (social, political, religious). Rushdie intentionally brings in the pickle metaphor. In the novel Indian history is compared with pickles. For pickles bring both pleasure, and a sore taste in the mouth. He writes in pickles too:

What I hope to immortalize in pickles as well as words: that condition of the spirit in which the consequences of acceptance could not be denied, in relationship which an overdose of reality gave birth to a miasmic longing for flight into the safety of dreams…But the jungle, like all refuges, was entirely other—was both less and more- than he had expected. ‘I am glad’, my Padma says, ‘I am happy you ran away’. But I insist: not I. He. He, the Buddha. Greatest Lyrics. Who, until the snake, would remain not-Saleem; who, in spite of running from, was still separated from interpersonal, his past; although he clutched, in his limpet fist, a certain silver spittoon? (Rushdie, 1981:503) We the readers have to greatest knew remember that the taste of pickles is not exactly sweet, at the same time it is not bad either, rather it has a complementary taste ( like salt) which gives sense to the particular food we are eating. Essay On Social. It is in the same way history gives sense to our lives teaching us lessons. History tells us of our past successes, spicing out our existence and never knew lyrics, adds flavour to our own identity. That is why Saleem chooses to write history and not fighting death.

Rushdie has shown the dichotomous nature of decolonisation in India in authors certain blobs and slabs of the scene. Here he writes of, [P]articularly at times when the state takes reality into its own hands, and sets about distorting it, altering the past to man i never fit its present needs, then the term, making of the alternative realities of art, including the novel of greatest man i knew memory becomes politicized….Writers and politicians are natural rivals. Both groups try to make the world in authors definition their own images; they fight for the same territory. And the novel is one way of denying the official, politicians’ version of truth (Jain 218). An analysis shows that Midnight’s Children has depicted the ‘State truth’ about the war in greatest never knew Bangladesh. We have an epic in our hands. The obvious comparisons are to Gunter Grass in The Tin Drum and to Gabriel Garacia Marqquez in One Hundred Years of Solitude.

Rushdie takes a dig at both nations. He scathingly criticizes the militaristic jingoism of the Pakistani generals. At the same time he exposes the hypocrisy, cruelty, and corruption of the Emergency years. Rushdie, feels for India, so hopeful on the day of its independence, has like Saleem, become pre- maturely aged, impotent and mutilated with cracks developing throughout its body. Rushdie anticipates that the children of the mutilated clock will die with the stakeholder mapping, nation; they will burn like shoes. Meanwhile Shiva the destroyer, now a war hero, bestrides the land. Lyrics. And we are in Kali Yuga (the Age of Darkness) “in which the cow of mortality has been reduced to standing, teetering, on a single leg!” Only the in California, earthy, accepting “ dung goddess” Padma- the incarnation of suffering Mother India herself- remains to cherish Saleem and against greatest knew lyrics, all odds, to hold out a faint hope of regeneration (Towers 1981). Midnight’s Children depict the changes which came with colonialism in the native culture and mapping techniques, consciousness and which then shaped the histories of these two nations—India and greatest man i knew, Bangladesh. Authors Definition. Rushdie writes these narratives build around the individual Saleem Sinai, as he faces these changes which affect his sense of time, his own reality as well as his selfhood. Greatest Man I Never. The crucial problem taken up in the novel is raisin in the whether the common masses and man i knew lyrics, India as a whole nation can face the surging tide over the forces of cultural and political imperialism of the British. The characters in this novel are the different aspects of the Essay on Social Networking Sites, social and historical consciousness of the Indian people, delved out in figures drawn from the myths of greatest man i never knew their collective psyche as well as from their recent political history.

In a way, the characters in this novel are allegorical representations epitomizing the conflict within the collective consciousness of the nation itself (Parameswaran 38). We are to interpersonal remember that decolonisation is a political process, frequently involving violence. In extreme circumstances, there is a war of independence, sometimes following a revolution, as happened in greatest man i never knew lyrics India. Interpersonal. More often, it has been noticed that there is a dynamic cycle where negotiations fail, minor disturbances ensue resulting in suppression by the police and military forces, escalating into more violent revolts that lead to man i never lyrics further negotiations until independence is mapping techniques granted. The British had to finally leave India. In rare cases, the actions of the native population are characterized by nonviolence, with the greatest knew lyrics, Indian independence movement led by Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi being one of the most notable examples, in the entire world, and the violence comes as active suppression from the occupying forces or as political opposition from forces representing minority local communities who feel threatened by the prospect of independence. Doktorarbeit / Dissertation, 110Seiten. Hausarbeit (Hauptseminar), 38Seiten. Hausarbeit (Hauptseminar), 29Seiten.

Hausarbeit (Hauptseminar), 26Seiten. iPhone 7 gewinnen. Jede Arbeit ist ein Los! - Publikation als eBook und Buch - Hohes Honorar auf die Verkaufe - Fur Sie komplett kostenlos - mit ISBN - Es dauert nur 5 Minuten - Jede Arbeit findet Leser. Doktorarbeit / Dissertation, 110Seiten. Hausarbeit (Hauptseminar), 38Seiten. Hausarbeit (Hauptseminar), 29Seiten. Hausarbeit (Hauptseminar), 26Seiten. Der GRIN Verlag hat sich seit 1998 auf die Veroffentlichung akademischer eBooks und Bucher spezialisiert.

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resume lobbiest To help change policies affecting millions of people. Whatever issue you choose, working with a lobbying group you can: Learn effective techniques. Stay informed of pending legislation. Coordinate your efforts with others for greater impact.

Enjoy meeting others who share your interests and concerns. The Honorable Barack H. Obama. President of the United States. The White House. 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. Washington, DC 20500. Provides access to all the government information and man i, services available on the Internet, using information technology to make government more accessible and responsive to the public. Also has a children's site, making it possible to get children interested in politics.

Entertaining and informative. Offers direct e-mail access to the President and the First Lady. I feel this is the best website for in a sun finding information on the entire government. -LEM. Provides information on man i never knew lyrics any and every topic concerning American citizens today. Goes in depth on current issues in the news and includes daily updates on recent statements released from the White House. In California Essay! -LOL. The Honorable _________.

United States Senate. Washington, DC 20510. Makes finding and contacting your Senators quick and man i, easy. Provides information on the purpose and short, duties of the Senate and lists names of senators serving in each committee. Access to individual senators could be made a little easier. A great website for information about the Senate. Man I Knew! Includes the Senate's daily agenda. Raisin! Very easy to read and understand. -LEM. Website contains different aspects of the US Senate, including historical aspects of the senatorial position and stands on recent issues. -LOL. The Honorable _________. USA House of Representatives.

Washington, DC 20515. Features the current weekly schedule for the House with updates of daily events on the House floor as they happen. Very accessible and easy to find congresspeople. Provides detailed information on proposed bills, such as social security and civil rights. Could be made a little more lively and colorful. A highly recommended site for finding Representatives' contact information and information about the House's operations. -LEM. Gives easy access to any recent bill or law passed and greatest, links to stakeholder mapping many other committees, organizations, and information sources. -LOL. 450 Maple Avenue East. Vienna, VA 22180. Let your elected representatives know how you want them to greatest man i never lyrics vote on HIgher Education Essay important issues, as well as ways to spread the message to other citizens so that they may take action too.

Provides direct e-mail access to the President, Vice President, First Lady, and Mrs. Cheney. Also has a complete listing of e-mail addresses of all U.S. Senators and Congressmen. Purchase publications and read a how-to-lobby guide. -L EM. Includes sections on conservative events and greatest never, TV shows, historical documents, and information on a wide selection of issues. -MKK.

Resources on how to get involved as a conservative activist and Essay on Right to Privacy on Social Networking, the when and where for upcoming events. -LOL. 2751 Prosperity Avenue. Fairfax, VA 22031. Phone: 1-703-289-4670 ext.140 or 1-800-659-8708. Connects citizens to their elected officials simply, quickly, effectively - and affordably. Enables website visitors to greatest man i never knew lyrics educate themselves on definition your issues; identify their elected representatives at the federal, state and local levels; and communicate their views to lawmakers via targeted e-mail, letter, fax or hand-delivered letter. Lists the addresses of greatest never lyrics U.S. elected officials and provides information on recent events in Congress and a registration form for voting.

Post your letter to an elected official on a message board for the purpose of encouraging others to join in Essay, your efforts. -LEM. Offers many interesting articles that make you think about the workings of the government. Greatest Man I Never Knew! Also includes listings of elected officials, Supreme Court Justices, and candidates for upcoming elections. -MKK. Terrific website that advocates getting involved with the government through writing letters and having them displayed on the site. Another compelling area on the site is the authors, Soapbox, which allows politically-interested people to read, share, and oppose views. -LOL. A database of greatest never knew biographical information, phone numbers, fax numbers, office addresses, electronic mail addresses and Internet homepages for members of the Congress and congressional committees. A highly recommended website. Includes tips for effective writing and interpersonal, links to other government sites.

Provides answers to frequently asked questions about greatest man i never lyrics lobbying. Info is easy to mapping techniques access. -LEM. Serves as a highly useful reference for information such as elected officials, types of congressional committees, and links to other government resources. -MKK. The Network. 8391 Beverly Blvd., #359. Los Angeles, CA 9048. Your online guide to American politics and the media.

Read the most recent news headlines and political humor about several issues, including the Bush administration and terrorist attacks. Receive free lobbying help. Look up media contacts and addresses of governors, as well as federal, state, and local elected officials. Also, take advantage of free offers and follow legislation and elections. -L EM. Features contact listings for each state's governor, many corresponding links, and a Top State News bar. -LOL.

Responds to man i never public inquiries via a nationwide toll-free number. Answers nearly 8,000 general information requests every day, either by providing the sun, information directly or locating the source of man i knew lyrics assistance for the caller. Provides the contact information of government officials, including the Bush administration, senators, and congressmen. Includes tips on writing and calling these officials. Also find addresses of Essay on Right to Privacy Sites military personnel, contact federal agencies, and read about consumer topics. Greatest Never Lyrics! -L EM. Features easy access links and answers to questions about term aid examples federal programs, benefits, and services. -LOL. Office of FirstGov c/o GSA.

Washington, DC 20405. Powerful search engine and ever-growing collection of topical and customer-focused links connect you to millions of man i knew lyrics web pages - from the federal government, local and tribal governments and to foreign nations around the world. Provides direct links to all U.S. government agencies and gives contact information for elected officials. Has news releases and online services for interpersonal relationship citizens, businesses and government, such as filing taxes and applying for greatest man i knew lyrics social security benefits. Authors Definition! -L EM. Website includes countless details on the US government, on topics ranging from how to obtain a grant to viewing all major issues within the government today. -LOL. 2731-A Prosperity Avenue. Fairfax, VA 22031. Phone: 1-703-289-4670 or 1-800-659-8708.

Type in your zip code and get your local, state, and federal government officials’ contact info. Learn how to write letters to greatest never knew officials by reading other citizens’ letters. Read about issues and upcoming legislation. Track your elected officials’ votes by e-mail. A recommended website. -L EM.

Includes something for short aid examples everyone: consumers, business owners, drivers, travelers, and researchers. -MKK. Great site for never lyrics any American seeking information through the themes in the, government. -LOL. Tom Bolt and greatest lyrics, Associates, P.C., Attorneys at Law. Corporate Place, Royal Dane Mall. St. Thomas, USVI 00802. This law firm provides a comprehensive guide to lobbying, how to definition contact your legislator, the ten worst mistakes of lobbying, and a glossary of legislative terms. Does not provide articles or recent news. -L EM. Website features a section on what lobbying is, how to get started, and greatest, effectively lobbying for your choice of issues. -LOL. Educate members of Congress about the issues that affect you, your job, your family, and the needs of our retirees.

How-to for mapping techniques effectively lobbying via e-mail, letter writing, phone calls, and meetings. Choose the method that best suits the legislative situation. Provides tips on each of the four lobbying techniques. Includes contact information for USA senators and representatives. Greatest Knew! Also gives a list of the worst political mistakes one can make. HIgher! -L EM. Great tips for contacting your local legislator; includes templates for writing letters, proper writing etiquette when contacting representatives, and sticking to one issue per contact. Greatest Never Lyrics! -LOL. 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 701.

Washington, DC 20036. Educates policymakers, opinion leaders, the media and the public on international development. Works to influence policies and appropriations in order to maximize aid resources and effectiveness. A complete guide on the most effective ways of contacting senators and representatives for all issues. Also provides the number for the Capitol Hill main switchboard so you can call your senators or representatives. -L EM. A very easy to use, well-formatted website. Good for people who want to start taking an active role in politics. Also includes a brief lesson on how Congress works. -MKK. Great introduction to politics; even includes basic information on the legislative and budget processes. Highly informative and easy to navigate. -LOL.

1730 M Street NW, Suite 1000. Washington, DC 20036. A nonpartisan political organization that encourages informed and active participation of citizens in government. Increases your understanding of major public policy issues and influences public policy through education and techniques, advocacy. Shows how to register to vote. A bit boring and dry. Could provide easier access to get involved.

Provides names of local, state, and national public officials and the local league office in never lyrics, your area. Read recent press releases and receive free e-mail updates. Track legislation as it moves through Congress. Must join organization in HIgher in California, order to access most of website's information. Not a highly recommended website. -LEM. The organization provides information on topics ranging from never lyrics, voters to campaign finance reform. The site also offers a way in which to actively participate in the democratic process at the state and federal levels. -MKK. A highly involved organization with plenty of information to offer, if you become a member. Techniques! -LOL.

4521 Broadmoor SE. Grand Rapids, MI 49512. The 10 tips presented here are intentionally simple and unsophisticated to serve as a starting point. These tools should always exist in the arsenal of every lobbyist. When used strategically on an ongoing basis, they will produce results. Easy-to-follow tips are perfect for someone who has never lobbied before and greatest knew lyrics, wants to advance their skills. - L EM. A short but useful website for first time lobbyists. On Right On Social Networking! -MKK. Inspirational words on how to man i never knew lyrics become involved in lobbying and the government. Stakeholder Mapping! -LOL. The Library of Congress. 101 Independent Ave., SE.

Washington, DC 20540. Makes federal legislative information freely available to the Internet public. Provides the Congressional calendar and summaries of bills and their status. Greatest Man I Knew! Read committee reports, as well as historical documents and recent issues of The Congressional Record . Includes links to the executive and judicial branches and state and local governments. -L EM. Useful in seeing how your elected officials have voted on past legislation. -MKK.

A great resource for legislative information and themes raisin in the, includes a great database for bills and laws passed since 1990. -LOL. Office of Public Policy and Advocacy. 220 I Street NE. Washington, DC 20002-4373. One does not need to be an expert to be a citizen advocate. Offers basic information to use for the issues that concern you. Provides tips for citizen advocates, from writing to lawmakers to meeting with them. Also allows you to find the names and greatest never knew lyrics, locations of definition your representatives. Man I Never Knew Lyrics! -L EM. Great website for becoming active in critical issues around the world today. Commendable goals and issues are displayed on this site. -LOL. The American Association of University Women (AAUW)

1111 Sixteenth Street NW. Washington, DC 20036. Phone: 1-800-326-AAUW or 1-202-872-1425. It takes only two minutes to make your voice heard - one minute to Education in California read, one minute to act! Read about the latest issue in man i never knew, Congress. Stakeholder Mapping Techniques! Then personalize a pre-written AAUW message and e-mail it to your member of Congress. Although geared toward women who have graduated college, anyone can join and learn for free. Features Congress' daily schedule and weekly individual votes. Read about important issues, elections, and candidates. Never Knew Lyrics! Includes a media guide for every location in themes in the, the United States. -L EM. Tackles important issues in American life such as education, civil rights, reproductive rights and health care. -LOL.

The Mezzanine, DC 20006. Phone: 1-202-737-2277 or 1-800-VOTENET. Provides information about Congress and links to related internet resources. Monitors executive and legislative actions affecting the national budget, federal regulations, government information access and nonprofit advocacy. Provides an easy and convenient way to greatest man i lyrics lobby for upcoming bills in mapping techniques, Congress. Gives e-mail addresses for all elected officials, plus their election resume and ratings. Read recent press releases. Greatest Never Lyrics! Contact and lobbying information is easy to access . Software and publications must be purchased. A good website for information about stakeholder techniques Congress. - L EM. 3007 Wessynton Way. Alexandria, VA 22309.

Combines irreverent articles, behind-the-scenes information and greatest never knew lyrics, the revolutionary Congress. Provides tracking services to give everyone an easy and entertaining way to find out relationship what's going on in Congress. Includes the greatest never knew, latest Congressional news and Congress' future plans. Stakeholder Mapping Techniques! Learn who represents you, read their pro/s, and get their contact info. Also read how a bill becomes a law and greatest man i never knew lyrics, what actually happens to lobbyists’ e-mails and phone calls. -L EM. Features a YourCongress.Watch E-Mails Service to fully alert you to what your Congress official is saying and doing while in office. Short Term Aid Examples! -MKK. Amusing website with plenty of information and resources for the critical viewer. Never! YourCongress.Watch is Education Essay, one of their best features. -LOL.

Resources for New York State. Provides the tools to greatest track legislation in New York State government. Find out how a bill becomes a law, search for legislation by keyword or bill number, or identify and themes in the sun, contact your State Representatives. Also includes handy tips for communicating with state legislators. Tips are very helpful and make lobbying easier. Has representatives' contact information as well as the contact information of other elected state officials. Provides publications, lobbying data and recent press releases. - L EM. c/o WXXI Public Broadcasting Council. 280 State Street - PO Box 30021. Rochester, NY 14603-3021. A collaboration of the New York State public television stations and New York State public radio.

Devoted to baseline information about New York State issues, lawmaker contacts, and political news and issues. Discusses elections and political campaigns. Also allows you to contact your lawmaker with concerns. Participate in discussion forums with other concerned NY citizen advocates. -L EM. Great for any New Yorker looking for a verifiable source of information and man i never knew, willing to support NY Public Television. -LOL.

Lobbying groups are often included with specific issues. Previous update by Olivia Chitayet, most recent update by Lindita Lika (LOL).

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7 Steps to a Killer Video Application. Last year, I applied for the job I now have (and love!): the Account Management role at greatest man i knew lyrics, ZeroCater . The position seemed like a perfect fit, and I couldn't send in my resume quickly enough. Term. However, part of the application process included submitting a video, which was a very first in my job search adventures. It was surprisingly difficult to greatest man i never knew, figure out how to make an entertaining 3-minute video of me talking—it was awkward, and I didn't really want to do it. But I forged ahead, spent a weekend making the interpersonal relationship, video, sent in my application, and ended up landing the job. Now, seven months later, I’m involved in lyrics the interviewing and hiring process at ZeroCater HQ, which includes watching applicant videos. From this side of things, I certainly see their value and understand their rise in popularity. We receive hundreds of resumes every month, and a video allows us to get a more dynamic sense of someone than the written word allows. It's difficult to get a feel for authors definition someone’s personality and creativity from a stack of resumes and cover letters—which are meant to be standardized—whereas videos bring our applicants off the page and give a more holistic picture of why they're great.

If you find yourself faced with the task of making an application video, fear not! The wonderful part about man i never knew, a video application is the level of stakeholder techniques control it enables. If a take doesn't go well, you can erase it. If you make a joke and immediately realize that it was severely less funny than you'd hoped, you can take it back! It's an interview minus the mishaps and subsequent facepalms, and greatest man i never knew, the chance to make an awesome first impression with the added ability to take as much time as necessary to interpersonal relationship, get it right. On that note, here are a few tips to help you make a 5-star application video. Man I Knew Lyrics. Think about how you'd like to respond to the given prompt, and consider what video format works best for you. Are you comfortable talking to the camera on your computer or phone, or would it be easier to have a friend “interview” you? Or, how about Essay on Right to Privacy Sites, a slideshow with a voiceover , using Story Wheel ? All of these things are options, so be creative and knew lyrics, choose something that feels natural to you.

Instead of listing past roles and responsibilities, take the opportunity to HIgher in California Essay, share an experience or quality about yourself that has particular relevance to the position but that might not shine through on your resume. Greatest Never Lyrics. For example, one of our applicants listed “bike trip leader” in the “Special Skills” section at the bottom of her resume. Her video focused on relationship this part of her background and, through photos and man i knew lyrics, stories, showed us that she’s an energetic leader who’s able to build community over a shared experience. It was exactly what we were looking for—and she works here now. 3. Work From a Script (But Avoid Reading Directly From It) Once you’ve finalized what exactly you want to cover, plan the interpersonal, main points you'd like to convey and jot down clear ways to man i knew lyrics, say them. Writing your ideas ahead of time encourages intention and authors definition, clarity—and helps eliminate run-on sentences and excessive “ums” and “likes.” 4. Make Sure Your Video is greatest never Clear and short aid examples, Audible. Greatest Never Lyrics. We want to see you and hear what you have to Education in California Essay, say! Reduce background noise, choose a well-lit setting, and avoid having the camera pointing up your nose. These things sound obvious, but believe me, they go a long way. 5. Man I Never. Shoot Several Takes if Necessary. The beauty of an application video is HIgher that you don't have to settle on a bad take.

If the neighbor's dog is barking incessantly in the background or you get off track, do it again. In my case, I couldn't figure out how to sign off in a way that seemed natural. Greatest Lyrics. Was I supposed to say “bye?” Just stop talking? After a few takes, I found a smile and wave that didn't make me look insane. Have you ever read through an themes in the, email you've just written to greatest knew lyrics, discover spelling errors, run-on sentences, or a few overused adjectives? I know I have. You should watch your video for the same reason: catching those silly mistakes. Themes In A In The Sun. Consider having a friend check it out too—a fresh set of eyes can help notice mistakes or idiosyncrasies that you may have overlooked. Programs like iMovie , Final Cut Pro , and Movie Maker are intuitive and man i never knew, easy to use, and there are plenty of free video editing programs to try. Short Term. You don't have to be a seasoned editor to make small changes that go a long way.

If you can't figure something out, there are a myriad of YouTube tutorials to show you how. I can't speak for all employers, but as far as our team is concerned, we aren't looking for the most well-written monologue or the man i never, highest production quality in HIgher Education in California our applicants' videos. We're looking for personality, creativity, intelligence, and effort. A video is an extra opportunity to show a company why you really would be an excellent addition to their team, so have fun and never, take advantage of it. Want a gig at ZeroCater? Check out stakeholder mapping techniques, these open positions ! Photo of man on laptop courtesy of Shutterstock . Beth studied Interpersonal Communication in her beloved home state at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She's worked all kinds of jobs in different industries, including a stint as stewardess on Richard Branson's personal yacht, and now calls San Francisco home with her awesome husband.

As an Account Manager for ZeroCater, Beth puts her foodie knowledge and love of hospitality to good use by feeding startups across the Bay Area. She loves homemade stationery, enjoys guessing the Myers-Briggs personality types of her coworkers, and is a self proclaimed putt-putt extraordinaire. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for never this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Free International Relations and Politics essays. It has been over a decade since the inauguration of Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) in Bangkok, 1996. ASEM was created originally under Singapore's Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong's suggestion of developing a framework to strengthen the interregional relations between Asia and greatest never lyrics Europe. On Right On Social Networking. The strategic reason behind the raison d'être of man i never ASEM lies in its bridging of the interpersonal, gap between two of the world's three most important and dynamic regions. In over a decade of never knew lyrics time, the ASEM has provided Asia and Europe a framework to cover wide-ranging of interregional and multilateral issues as two equal regions. It is an important implication that interregionalism has on these two regions, especially for Asia, because in face of the well established entity of relationship EU, Asian states first time in the modern era engage in framing a sort of regional coordination to response collectively to their European counterpart. As a case of interregionalism, the potential impact of the interaction of the two regions is not only within the greatest man i never, interregional level, but also at global multilateral level. Therefore, this essay will utilize Dr. Christopher M. Dent's (2004) typology of ‘multilateral utility' to assess whether ASEM can be considered as a successful case of interregionalism. This essay will first try to define what is interregionalism and what makes a successful case of interregionalism. Stakeholder Mapping. Then, the essay will provide an overview of ASEM process in the past years.

Dent's theory of ‘multilateral utility' will be applied to analyse ASEM, and man i lyrics explain why the ASEM process still cannot be seen as a successful case of interregionalism. Finally, in the conclusion some suggestions will be provided for ASEM future process in order to form a more successful case of interregionalism. 2. Theoretical Perspectives of Interregionalism. The prototype of interregionalism was European Community's group-to-group dialogue which evolved since 1970s and expanded to on Right on Social Sites, also most all the regions in the world. Never Lyrics. Largely due to HIgher, EC's presence as the single most advance regional organization in the world, the interregional network emerged as a ‘hub-and-spokes' system gravitating around the man i never knew, EC during the Cold War period (Hänggi,2000). Since the end of Cold War, profound changes have taken place in international relations. Although the EU was still the major actor in the interregional networks, other regional organizations which had proliferated and developed in the past decades, such as ASEAN and Mercosur, began to expand interregional network beyond EU's external relations. At the definition, same time, new form of interregional agreements or frameworks which features a multi-layered interregional relation such as APEC and ASEM also came into being. From the man i lyrics, existing interregional agreements or frameworks, three types of interregionalism can be distinguished.

The first type refers to relations between regional groupings , such as EU-ASEAN, EU-Mercosur; the second type refers to biregional and trans-regional agreements, such as APEC, ASEM; the third type refers to the hydrides such as relations between regional groupings and single powers, such as EU-US (Hänggi, 2000, Doidge, 2007, Söderbaum Langenhove, 2005). Within the multi-layered structure of interregional relations mentioned above, different schools of thought have offered various theoretical explanations for the functions of interregionalism. The realist approaches have focused on the balancing function of interregional dialogues among different regional actors, while the short term, institutionalist approaches highlights the functions of greatest man i knew rationalizing and agenda setting of interregional dialogues, especially they emphasize the contribution of institution-building function to on Right, facilitating communication and cooperation at greatest never lyrics the emerging multilateral level to short aid examples, the global governance. Finally, the social constructivist approaches stress to the identity-building function as interregional dialogues has also promoted intra-regional communication and cooperation through interregional interaction, a process referred by Hänggi as ‘regionalism through interregionalism' (Hänggi, 2000, Hwee, 2008, Doidge, 2007, Gilson,2002). Therefore, these functions of greatest never knew lyrics interregionalism have implied that the cognition of interregional relation cannot be simply attributed to a single theoretical perspective, rather, it's a complex mix of policies and processes that derived from different theoretical approaches. In A In The Sun. In this respective, this essay utilizes Hwee's (2008) typology of greatest knew lyrics interregionalism, which not only identify interregionalism as' the short, interaction between two regional entities, moreover, it encompass how interregionalism interact with and man i never knew impact on HIgher, the dynamic process of regionalism, shaping the consciousness and contour of the regions, and influencing the institutional development of an emerging world order'.

In this case, a successful case of interregionalism should refer to processes or frameworks which makes proactive contributions to foster stability, peace, prosperity and equality in the global system in partnership with multilateral institutions, in greatest never knew, a term which Dent (2004) defines as ‘multilateral utility' . In the following sections, the term of ‘multilateral utility' will be utilized to stakeholder, assess the ASEM process, to see whether this process has proactively contributed anything fundamentally new to the interregional cooperation or development of man i lyrics multilateral institutions, or it only passively concerns about consistency and compatibility with the existing multilateral orders as ‘multilateral deference' do (Dent, 2004). 3. A Overview ofAsia-Europe Meeting. Inaugurated in 1996 with a summit in interpersonal, Bangkok, ASEM brought together 10 Asian member states of ASEAN + 3 (APT) and 15 EU member states plus the European Commission, endeavouring to strengthen the relationship between the two regions with a spirit of mutual respect and equal partnership. ASEM has experienced two enlargements in the new millennium, in 2004 and 2007 respective, increasing the grouping into a total of 45 partners. ASEM was conceived as an informal process of dialogue and cooperation between the two regions. Within this process, the main components have so far been loosely organized into ‘three pillars': political dialogue, economics and finance, social and culture. Never Lyrics. The highest level of decision making in the process of ASEM is the biennial summits which has been held in Asia and Europe alternatively since ASEM 1. Up to now, ASEM summits have been held in Bangkok, London, Seoul, Copenhagen, Hanoi, Helsinki and Beijing.

The 8th ASEM Summit will be held this October in Brussels. Besides the techniques, attendance of leaders of the participating states, the greatest man i never lyrics, summits also include other non-state stakeholders into its process. Apart from the Summit meetings, there are a series of foreign, economic, financial, environmental Ministerial and working-level meetings being held to cover various issues, as well as a variety of other activities running alongside the summits and Essay on Social Networking meetings, such as Asia-Europe Business Forum (AEBF), Trade Facilitation Action Plan (TFAP), Investment Promotion Action Plan (IPAP), ASEM Trust Fund and greatest man i never lyrics ASEM Child Welfare. The Asia-Europe Foundation (ASEF) is the only formal institution under ASEM framework which aims at promoting cultural, intellectual and people-to-people exchanges between the two regions. The strategic rationale behind the establishment of ASEM was the concept of completing the triangle of the formalized relationship and creating strong links between the three triadic regions (i.e. North America, Europe and Asia). Definition. The long established transatlantic relation was further tightened under the new framework of the New Transatlantic Agenda (NTA) while the transpacific ties continued to prosper because of the more proactive role the US played in APEC and other bilateral relationship between US and its Asian partners. By contrast, the linkage between Asia and Europe was the weakest part in the triad. Therefore the need for man i never establishing an interregional framework to build and strengthen the linkage between the two regions arose.

The rapid growth of Asian economy in the past decades and the “East Asian Miracle” model of development makes the EU to aware of the importance of engage into Asia's dynamic growth. Relationship. In the European Commission policy documentToward a New Asian Strategy in 1994, it emphasized the importance of strengthen the political and economical cooperation with Asia. On the other hand, US has fostered much closer ties with East Asian region. Greatest Man I Never Lyrics. APEC provided a resolute basis for transpacific links to prosper and intend to phase the Pacific Free Trade Area (PAFTA) amongst its members. This caused Europe's panic of losing benefits associated with its postcolonial links and being marginalized in the transpacific-dominated world economy especially after EU had been rejected observer status in APEC. Hence Europe was motivated to promoting ASEM in order to rectify such structural and relational power imbalances within the triad. Within Asian participants, the motivations to short term, promote ASEM varied but are de facto critical to the region. First, for Japan and man i knew lyrics China, the active engagement of EU in Asia can help to counterbalance the power of US involvement in the region, while the ASEAN countries want to reduce the leverage that may bring by the potential rivalry between China and mapping Japan and never knew lyrics balance the term, power of US, Japan and China in general. Greatest Man I Knew Lyrics. Second, ASEM has presented Asian countries opportunities to diversify their economic and foreign policies, especially for countries which have perceived their overdependence up on US and Japan in terms of market, capital and technology. Third, ASEM offered an additional portal for Asian states and companies to engage in the commercial opportunities that EU's regional integration presented, especially after the creation of to Privacy on Social single Europe Market. Although the objective of this interregional framework is to achieve the overall development of never economic, political and social relations between the two regions, economic interest still remain the major driving force of parties to participate in Education Essay, the dialogues.

Within the ASEM process, various subjects are covered by greatest lyrics the meetings and interpersonal activities, such as trade, science and never lyrics technology, environmental problems, anti-terrorism, illegal migration and trafficking of drugs. Interpersonal Relationship. After years of dialogues and cooperation, although difficult to greatest man i never, quantify the real achievements and impact of ASEM, some general approaches can still be identified. More tangible results lay under the economic pillar for stakeholder techniques the concrete action and progress made by man i the TFAP and IPAP. Interregional trade and investment has considerably increased since the inauguration of ASEM. In political pillar, ASEM creates an informal platform for regular interregional dialogues on human rights, the emerging security issues of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass-destruction, migration and environmental problems. The relative success of the third pillar of ASEM is presented by the various educational, cultural and people-to-people exchange projects carried out by ASEF. In a more broad term, ASEM served as synergy for definition the Asia-Europe relation. ASEM is not an greatest man i never knew alternate or affiliate to the other bilateral or multilateral forums between Asia and Europe, it works as catalyst to increase the mutual understanding between Asia and Europe thereby to improve the overall relation between the two region.

The non-binding character of ASEM process and aid examples the principle of ‘equal partnership' made the greatest man i never lyrics, Asian members easier to accept European-style of integration as reference for its future effort. In this process, Asian members felt of the need to first form an ‘Asian identity' or coordinate as a region to prepare for the ASEM meetings when in face of such advanced regional entity as EU which is highly integrated economically and politically. ASEM also helped the Essay on Right on Social, Asian states to build a more coordinate and collective intraregional relation and get first-hand examination of practice of regional integration from EU. On the other hand, the EU also used ASEM as a tool to greatest, forester a common foreign policy and security policy and enhance its European identity. In this case, ASEM served as the identity-building function of interregionalism. As ASEM continue to work as a ‘multi-faceted dialogue facilitator' and play the role of ‘a platform for policy development' (Chairman Statement of the 6th Asia-Europe Meeting, 2006) , ASEM has allowed its participants to exchange views on current policies and conceive new ideas for future policy-making through open and inclusive dialogue. It also provided a dialogue framework to pre-discuss international matters such as United Nations reforms, WTO negotiations and regional security before full negotiations conducted at definition a multilateral level potentially reduced the risk that the agenda of those multilateral institutions and the decisions they made were dominated or over-influenced by the US. In this respect, ASEM in deed tried to make contributions to the multilateralism and multiregionalism of the global governance which demonstrate its purpose of ‘developing the multilateral utility potential and function' (Dent, 2004). However, the existing problems within ASEM process revealed that the current process of ASEM served more like multilateral deference rather than multilateral utility. Greatest Man I Knew. One of the existing problems in ASEM is the imbalance of in the development of man i knew three pillars.

The economic pillar is the most developed and substantive among the three pillars. Maybe it is largely because economic benefits form the most significant and common interest that drive the interaction between the two regions. EU is eager to HIgher in California Essay, be engaged into the dynamic economic development of East Asia and man i its inherent cheap factor cost-base, rapid upgrading industrial ability and vast market. On the other hand, Asian countries also want to share the short, enormous opportunities that presented by EU's regional integration. But even if concerning of the economic interaction, most of the trade and investment promotion program are still operating within the greatest knew, existing bilateral framework between EU and Asian countries, no significant progress has been achieved to raise the importance of Asian to EU and Education Essay vice versa for lyrics the total trade.

Despite of economic exchanges, much less attention was paid to other aspects, and expecting to reach common position and agreements among these divergent participants on issues as human rights, governance of civil society and Essay regional security is also far more difficult. Besides, the effect of ASEM process to serve as the ‘identity building' function of interregionalism is on the wane accompanied by the enlargement of ASEM. Since the embryonic of the ASEM process, it has been complimented for its coordination of the interregional relation between two ‘regions' for Europe presented by EU and East Asia in form of APT framework. As ASEM develop to man i knew lyrics, co-opt more members into its partnership and the recent enlargement to include India, Pakistan and Mongolia on the Asian side, the divergence within Asian partners was further increased and the regional integration process was further diluted. In view of the aforementioned facts, the potential of developing ASEM into a more efficient and effective interregional framework remained in doubt. Another problem is the definition, ‘intrinsic' problem of never knew ASEM that mentioned by Dent (97-98) which refers to themes raisin, the difficulties of attempting to establish a common interregional agenda for all member states to comply. Asia and Europe are quite disparate in their political structure, cultural background, and economic development status.

Different partners in both regions have different priorities in participating in this process. On Asia side, an agenda has been largely determined by the policy goals of greatest knew dominant states in the region, such as Japan and China, may be to the harms of other weaker countries. So these countries would prefer to rely on bilateral channels to enhance their economic relations with the EU and cherish the flexibility this kind of mechanism affords. On Europe side, individual EU members also have distinct national-level objects and this will exert adverse effects on internal bargaining within the on Social Networking, EU's supranational institutions and subsequently adopted policy positions. Reaching common positions or agreements among intraregional partners are tough tasks, let alone achieving interregional consensus between such two distinct regions. Man I Never Lyrics. Therefore, most of the subjects discussed with ASEM framework are normally broad or only the expanding negotiations of some sort of consensus-based frameworks.

Since ASEM is an Essay informal process of greatest knew dialogue and co-operation, no binding agreements have been enacted in this process and even no secretariat, the contribution of ASEM to certain issues is hard to evaluate. The implementation of authors policies and agreements made by greatest man i ASEM are totally depending on individual partners. Also there's no formal institution to guarantee the enforcement of such policies and Essay on Right to Privacy Networking Sites agreements. Besides, because of the loose networking of ASEM and lacking of concrete goal as most of greatest knew lyrics formal institutions do, the decision making process within the short, ASEM is quite slow and cumbersome. The pre-discussion of agenda before the multilateral negotiation being conducted at greatest never knew lyrics multilateral institutions is more like exchange of information and viewpoints, rather than decision making process that will make concrete contribution to the final outcome of the multilateral institutions. In that respect, ASEM was insofar viewed as ‘a new channel through which bargaining takes place and leverage can be exerted'. Definition. (Smith, 1998) Therefore, expecting ASEM to actually contribute something new or significant to the interregional relations or to the world multilateral governance seems unlikely to happen in a short term. Based on aforementioned points, we can see that ASEM as an interregional framework currently mainly served passively as multilateral deference to reinforce the existing multilateral order, but not proactively as multilateral utility to further develop and help to shape the multilateral-global governance. In such term, ASEM still cannot be defined as a successful case of interregionalism. However, there're still many things for greatest ASEM partners to do in the future to fulfill its potential of achieving multilateral utility. First, pragmatic and specific objects for ASEM's future development should be set while random subjects for discuss and ad hoc programs should be avoided.

Second, some sort of institutionalization is Essay on Right to Privacy on Social Networking Sites need (e.g. the establishment of an ASEM Secretariat) to deal with the greatest knew lyrics, complexity growing with the enlargement of ASEM process. By coordinating and establishing network with other ASEM- linked institutions as ASEF and AEBF, substantive examine can be carried out to assess the implementation of policies and projects. Aid Examples. Finally, the man i never lyrics, ASEM process was supposed to give more focus on interpersonal, serious discussions and negotiations of agenda items especially in the pre-discussion of forthcoming multilateral negotiation. The participants should take more proactive action to achieve explicit result which would be potentially value-added to the multilateral order. In a word, to greatest never, continue the role of strengthening interregional relation between Europe and Asia and seek to achieve the goal of multilateral utility, improving the internal effectiveness and efficiency, and cooperate in a more proactive and pragmatic way is essential for future ASEM process. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom International Relations and Politics essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?

There are UK writers just like me on themes raisin, hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of man i expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Essay On Right Networking. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised International Relations and Politics work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This International Relations and Politics essay was submitted to man i never lyrics, us by a student in stakeholder techniques, order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Asem and greatest never knew interregionalism . Available from: [05-10-17].

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