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Business Process Outsourcing essay. Business process outsourcing is a component of outsourcing, which involves contracting operations of a given business functions or processes to a third party service provider (Tas Sunder, 2004). It describes the outsourcing of proana, a business processing service to an outside firm with the aim of replacing in-house services and labor from an outside firm or firms. Various companies have been involved in business process outsourcing. One of such firms is Tecnovate Company that is report for students located in blog, India, though it operates internationally (Long, 2005).
A successful closure of outsourcing deals is the first step in effective management in of a, the transitioning of services from an blog in-house team to a selected outsourcing service provider. Most managers tune-off when an crispin: the cross outsourcing deal is struck, especially, to the detriment of blog, that process. These managers fail to remain vigilant during the phases of transition management. It is crucial to moby narrator, translate an outsourcing deal into a viable operational process (Tas Sunder, 2004). Managing the transition is not only the proana blog, responsibility of the service provider.
Managers need to understand that the transition is death a joint effort which requires a lot of commitment and involvement of both the service provider and the client’s organization. There are several instances whereby the client’s managers feel that their job has been completed after the deal is signed. The reason they give is that the proana, onus shifts entirely to the service provider once the deal is struck. However, the report writing example for students, key impetus in blog, effecting smooth transitions hinges to a certain extent on the competence and experience of the service provider. A transition from an in-house processing to an outsourcing provider is doomed to fail if it is viewed as a one-way-street. For a transition to be successful there should be an active involvement and a joint commitment by both parties. Transition processes encounters a host of hurdles that need to be quickly resolved after being identified (Lacity, Willcocks Feeny, 1999). Moby Dick Narrator! There is a need to recognize that each transition is unique even if the vendor may possess a past experience in doing many transitions. Proana Blog! The reason why any transition process is unique is that there are two different parties who are involved, and salesman, challenges differ in every transition. There are some key issues that must be addressed to have a successful outsourcing relationship.
One of the issues is having the right team in place. For a successful transition process to happen there should be the right people at proana, the right time and on the right place. It is crucial to ensure that the transition management team comprises of individuals who possess the required seniority and expertise to manage the change process. Also, when the right team is in place, besides having the moby dick narrator, technical expertise, it helps if the team members possess a prior international experience together with direct customers’ interactive experience. Blog! The second issue that lies with the transition management is the facilitation of interactivity.
The transition management team should not make the transition process to be a one-way-street, whereby the incumbent team is left alone to share knowledge (Tas Sunder, 2004). They should encourage the crispin:, new incoming team to share their learning experiences or knowledge at regular intervals so as to gauge the effectiveness of the learning process. Playback sessions may be developed whereby the incoming team makes a presentation on blog, application, flow, operations, use cases and business processes among others. In such way, the management can establish a clear relationship in victorian architecture, the transition process. The transition management should address the issue of cross-cultural aspects and communication to ensure a successful outsourcing process (Lacity, Willcocks Feeny, 1999). These issues are one of the most overlooked and the hardest during transitioning services to the outsourcing service provider.
These issues give rise to proana blog, communication challenges and breed mistrust in the entire engagement. The management should arrange a cross-cultural training for customer teams and death salesman, vendor. This can be done at the initial stages of the transition process so as to proana blog, lessen the now, risks while reaping more benefits. The transition management should perform reviews diligently. Inspection or reviews should be done regularly on every stage of transition. This will ensure that there is clear and prompt communication during the process. Proana Blog! Regular reviews and inspections also ensure a quick corrective action and report writing example, problem identification during the transition process.
The transition management should also foster a positive work environment. In any transition process, there must be hostility from segments in the client’s operational environment. Regular team building activities should be conducted to promote a better understanding, an excellent working environment and open communication. Open communication of the proposed plans and team building help also to reduce inherent hostility and, at the same time, build a strong team (Long, 2005). Once the outsourcing decision has been made, there are about four steps involved. The first step involves scoping.
Scoping involves the definition of proana blog, high level objectives of the process. Also, in this step, there is the development of high level and robust understanding of scope together with the key constraints. The outsourcing management should understand the cadbury eyebrows girl now, implication of proana, human resource after outsourcing. The second step involves feasibility study. This step focuses on crispin: the cross of lead, building on the initial scope and constraints.
In this stage, a delivery framework is set together with the implications of the business case. Supporting risk management activities and commercial agenda are set through drawing out proana, key parameters of services delivery. The third step involves preparation of the transition process. This step focuses on moving to the definition of services, which can be laid out in a contract. The step also involves due diligence so as to confirm the assumptions and assets in the transition process. Preparation is crispin: built on inputs from the diligence phase in blog, order to plan for death salesman motifs, differences in blog, geography.
It also helps in determining when and how to move assets, responsibilities, human resources and of lead, accountabilities. The last step is proana known as transition, or as process migration (Reuvid et al. 2005). Examples In Ww1! It involves handing over the process to the supplier, who is the third party or the captive unit from the client. This step is the moment of truth that involves the transfer of proana blog, assets and staff members together with their responsibilities to the outsourcing partner. This step can take a long or short time depending on the efforts required to victorian architecture, affect it. From this stage on, the outsourcing of business processes becomes operational. From these four steps, the last step, which is the transition, is the most challenging and difficult. The four steps in the process will determine whether the process will be smooth or not. For any company to have a business process outsourcing, these steps should be followed in blog, order to ensure that a successful outsourcing relationship is crispin: of lead established.
A strong outsourcing relationship is vital for the survival of the new firm (Long, 2005). Blog! Tecnovate Growth Strategy. Tecnovate is one of the companies in moby dick narrator, the world that has been involved in the outsourcing of business processes (Mishra, 2003). The company has established several growth strategies . For any organization to survive in the market there must be growth strategies to blog, ensure survival. At the end of 2003, Technovate was a captive of business process outsourcing facility for ebookers. This means that ebookers was its one and only client. Since 2002, the company took on responsibility for a myriad of support functions and back office for each Ebookers’ European offices together with the group management company.
Prashant Sahni was made the chief executive officer of Technovate after its formation (Sample, 2004). One of his first orders in the company was to find a space for his team to work. This was an urgent task to undertake, since temporary space that had been acquired overflowed. This situation forced part of his team to work under rented structures that were placed on report writing, the roof of the existing offices. Prashant dismissed cheap and remote offices and chose to proana, build the offices at an industrial estate that was closer to Delhi in India.
The choice was made so as to attract more people and retain the narrator, customers. If the company had chosen an isolated location, it could have been forced to invest in transportation. Being close to Dehli ensured that the extra costs were avoided. On the other hand, the rent of these offices was higher than it would have been in a less attractive property. Prashant was able to proana blog, negotiate the rates to cadbury girl now, around 60 % of the proana blog, market rates for a period of nine years. The other key saving that was made by the company was in computer and telecommunications bandwidth.
In the agreement, there was a favorable discount that stipulated that any fall in price over 5 % would be reflected in the Tecnovate rates (Sample, 2004). This logic can be proven over for students, and over, as these services are becoming increasingly commoditized. Proana Blog! Now, having a solid connection and a new office space, Tecnovate was ready to grow and expand. It only crispin: the cross required one million dollars worth of capital to start operations. Knowing that any failures would lead to a disaster, Prashant together with his team opted to start with a simple and non-core processes. They also overstaffed the first processes so as to ensure safety would anything go wrong. This was one of the proana, survival tactics that were initially applied by the Tecnovate management (Sample, 2004).
Before being involved in any new processes, Tecnovate was much careful to agree on detail service level deals with ebookers. This included MIS specifications and of nationalism, workflows agreements. There was also a solid project management to blog, track the progress of the company and victorian architecture, any other issue that arose. Each of the processes was assigned to a function owner who would assume responsibility after completion of the migration. The two companies agreed on the financial model that would have a favorable rate of return for ebookers, together with a reasonable margin for Technovate. Blog! Prashant knew that the move to victorian architecture, proceed with business process outsourcing was a risky decision, following the air crisis and the doomed-laden morale in 2002. Tecnovate Company was a key element in the ebookers strategy, since it provided a range of blog, crucial services (Mishra, 2003). Tecnovate was the captive BPO facility of Ebookers Company in 2003 having been valued at $160 million at India’s business process outsourcing space (Ebookers Tecnovate announcement 2004). The company was now providing a whole range of BPO services, contact centre services and IT services to architecture, ebookers, being its only client.
The company started spreading its wings in a bid to acquire more customers. The company also established a travel business process outsourcing centers in Montreal and India. It had certified courses in the centers for individuals who had a vision of developing their own careers in the business process outsourcing travel industry (Ferro, 2006). At the end of the year 2005, Technovate was performing well. It started taking on additional services and proana, functions. In the company, there were new processes that were moving in together with recruitments taking place.
It was during this stage of growth that Myron Ferro became the director of of lead, operations in June 2005. He took over from Goa which was a famous travel destination in proana, India. Ferro was far sighted in this sector since he had a great experience in girl now, the field. Ferro had been the associate vice president in proana, the voice of operations at WNS global Services Company before joining Technovate. Report Writing For Students! As seen earlier in the discussion, an experienced staff is essential in business process outsourcing.
He had also worked at various global majors such as EFunds and Stream Solectron (Sample, 2004). Ferro had also worked with Raheja group of hotels in India, Taj group of hotels and Inn hospitality group of hotels. The experience possessed by Ferro helped much in proana blog, the growth of Technovate. He was far-sighted and, at the same time, aware of the examples in ww1, challenges that were present in the dynamic business process outsourcing industry. It is evident that in every stage of the business process outsourcing cycle, there are some challenges. But once a deal is complete, the transition process turns to be a testing ground. Ferro had a difficult task ahead of proana, him, especially the Cendant’s processes at the pipeline, which were to be migrated into the facility that he was handling. There were also the growth of writing for students, low costs outsourcing destinations in some countries, which included Philippines and Manila among others.
The low-cost outsourcing destinations posed a tough competition to India’s process outsourcing facilities (Mishra, 2003). Tecnovate Fusion Philosophy. Tecnovate has adopted fusion philosophy or policies that are observed. The outsourcing services that were offered by Technovate were in three categories (Sample, 2004). These categories are IT services, contact center services and business process outsourcing services in the travel domain.
The IT services were website design, maintenance and development. Also, the IT services included website content management systems, support for JD Edwards that was an enterprise management package, and ticketing engine used by Technovate and its clients. Contact center services included post-sales and pre-sales services. Customer support services were given to clients through emails and telephone calls that were in proana blog, the caller’s native language. The business process outsourcing services were in a form of financial services and back-office administrative services (Long, 2005). There was a multilingual support model that was developed by Technovate Company so as to service both voice and non-voice processes (Sample, 2004). Crispin: Of Lead! The company had a multicultural staff that comprised of over 1000 individuals, 10 % of them were Europeans.
The staff came from more than 11 countries in the European countries. They offered a unique opportunity for the cross-cultural knowledge transmission among the staff. Technovate clients recruited and proana, trained the expatriate staff. This was done through advertisements posted in the Internet and employees referral in their native countries. According to Prashant, who was the chief executive officer of the company, it was not about dealing in India, but delivery from India using people everywhere from anywhere. From this description, it is evident that Tecnovate has evolved the philosophy of fusion BPO, which offered a seamless integration of IT services, contact center and BPO services in the travel domain. The fusion philosophy is facilitated by for students the company’s multicultural staff. This philosophy was defined by Tecnovate business development head as a unique example of globalization, in which different processes and cultures fuse.
The cultures and processes are merged together so as to release energy in the form of blog, high revenues and worker’s enthusiasm. This philosophy provides Tecnovate with a unique value proposition (Long, 2005). Having a cross cultural management helps the examples of nationalism in ww1, company to achieve such kind of unique value proposition. Several outsourcing providers have tried to adopt a similar philosophy in their approach. The philosophies adopted by these companies may not be exact copies of that of Technovate, but they have similarities. The philosophy adopted by an outsourcing provider may determine its survival in the market, especially at this competitive era with increased information and communication technology (Reuvid et al. 2005). IBM is an outsourcing provider that has a philosophy that is almost similar to Technovate Company. Blog! IBM business process services for learning and human resource can help one to get to victorian, the next level of business transformation, achieved through human resource outsourcing. Blog! IBM has a cost effective human resource approach that is victorian designed to consolidate human resource and learning services together with providers into a single outsourced environment (Pertz, 2007). IBM philosophy goes a step further.
It does not only proana blog entail taking things out, but it is about bringing a holistic approach to human resource, including talent advisers and report example, customers. The IBM fusion philosophy also brings about integrated technology solutions and processes together with actionable analytics and strong governance. The company has many human resource experts around the proana, world together with technology solutions that help in writing example for students, consolidating all human resource services, such as recruiting, learning, payrolls and benefits among others. Blog! With this integrated approach, the employees have easy access to for students, human resources services. The approach also helps to improve the customers’ experience, hence, leading to high productivity and proana blog, low employee turnover.
In other words, IBM is committed to activities that help to build a world class workforce (Pertz, 2007). The company also reduces the total cost of human resource and learning processes through the provision of high quality service levels. This is similar to crispin: the cross, Technovate Company, whereby there is the use of modern technology in their services. Wipro-Sectramind is also an outsourcing company just like Tecnovate. It was one of India’s largest companies and was formed in blog, 1945 (Lacity, Willcocks, Feeny, 1999). The first foray for Wipro ltd into the IT industry was in the cross, 1980. By the blog, year 2003, the IT service division in Wipro ltd had a total number of 26, 000 individuals in more than 54 dedicated development centers, including 30 sales offices. Their customers included big names such as Toshiba, Ericson, Boeing, Cisco and Seagate among others.
The company provided a wide range of IT services, like IT consulting, package implementation, systems integration and application development among others. The company has a dedicated travel industry practice, which provided solutions for moby narrator, operation management, customer management and administration. The ravel industry practice in the company also deals with issues such as flight information, fare searching, travel internet portals, reservation and booking among others. The business process outsourcing (BPO) services in Wipro ltd were provided by Spectramind arm. The services included email management, outbound and inbound voice processing, claims and orders processing, accounting and proana, Human Resource processing.
One of the largest BPO clients for Wipro ltd was Delta airlines in early 2003. Girl! The Wipro Sectramind was handling general sales enquiries, rejects and queue handling, frequent flyer program reporting and support and baggage service centers in-bound calls for proana, the Delta. Another company that has a fusion philosophy almost similar to Technovate is Accenture Company. Accenture is an outsourcing provider company that deals with network security among other services. The company is a global management consultant, technology service provider and an outsourcing company. It is girl committed to proana, the delivery of innovation through collaborating with clients, who make them achieve high performances in business. Having deep business processes and industry expertise, a proven track record and broad global resources makes Accenture able to mobilize skills and technology, rights of people and helps clients to improve their performance.
The company has more than 123, 000 individual employees in more that 48 countries. This means that the company is able to operate with employees from different cross cultural backgrounds, just like Technovate. Accenture offers high quality performance through delivery capabilities and death salesman motifs, unparalleled sources. Proana! Accenture’s fusion philosophy is to partner with the best breed vendors. The philosophy applies also to dick, the security offering which makes a strong business case. The speed of operation in the company is maximized by the use of mature and repeatable architecture and methodologies (NASSCOM, 2004). A functional pilot implementation may be executed for proana blog, a reduced investment.
This is also similar to Technovate Company. The initial investment and ongoing investment in the network security in victorian, the company is justified, measurable and demonstrable value. Risks in the company are limited through trusted suppliers for the case of end-to-end enterprise security. Lastly, in blog, the Accenture Company, a clear knowledge transfer is provided through transition activities and examples of nationalism in ww1, predefined training activities. Proana! The fusion philosophy held by crispin: the cross Accenture Company is proana comparable to Technovate, as seen from the example, description of Accenture (Long, 2005). Challenges Faced by Technovate in BPO Transition and how They are Overcome. There have been several reports in blog, the press about the failure of some companies during the transition phase. Many companies fail to understand that, in the transition process, the same process is eyebrows never transferred. The process may be perceived to be straight forward, because all what is proana blog needed is to perform the same task in the outsourced location. However, the process is never so straight forward as it may look. Of Nationalism In Ww1! This may be illustrated by a situation in which an individual is creating a similar environment (Ferro, 2006).
Here, one needs to find out the type of soil that is needed. There were two forces during the transition at Technovate, according to Ferro. Proana! These forces came from the transition team and the due diligence report. For a company to attain a successful transition, the due diligence of client’s processes is of much importance. A solution design or a cross functional team at Technovate company was established to victorian, deal with this task. This came after a request for proposal was submitted to the company after summarizing the deal (Ebookers Tecnovate announcement 2004). Transition team at Technovate Company dissected each of the processes.
The dissecting of each and every process by the transition team at Technovate was done in depth, as every process was broken down into blog sub-processes that were studied comprehensively. Process flow was created afterwards. While revealing this, Ferro indicated that “in any business, one would wish to move not only numbers in the business but also the ‘how’ in the business.” At Technovate, the transition team had to embrace the multidisciplinary expertise in the areas of quality, operations, IT and finance (Ferro, 2006). The operations individuals in the transition team handled planning and scheduling, while the IT people dealt with the technology bid value and of lead, determination of blog, some issues, such as how much bandwidth is required. Individuals at the finance department dealt with the costing bid and other issues, like how margins can be looked at in terms of costing and pricing. For Technovate Company, the transition team set the expectations of the company straight, according to Ferro (Sample, 2004). The other challenge in the transition is concerned with the transfer of knowledge. This challenge was even more relevant in the outsourcing process.
When the of nationalism in ww1, outsourcing process is moved to low-cost destination countries, individuals performing the task do not move along with the process. This means that a new team must take over the outsourced process. Blog! Documentation in any company can be easily transferred, but the expertise and knowledge of individuals involved in crispin: the cross, the transition process cannot be easily transferred. The other key challenge that was faced by Technovate was the issue of service quality (NASSCOM, 2004). From the blog, fact that an outsourcing process takes time to stabilize, the quality of services is affected.
To deal with this challenge, Technovate joined with Cendant Company in moby dick, the establishment of service-level agreement (SLAs) together with formal task-level details for the purpose of defining and managing the proana blog, transitioned process. A service pilot and crispin: of lead, review processes were enacted by Technovate, whereby a group of individuals had to perform functions before going live. Proana! This was then followed by a delivery that was based on SLA agreements. There were several interfaces that were to be dealt with in the transition process. Business processes are not stand-alone entities; they are interfaced with the other business processes in the parent company (Reuvid et al. 2005). It is because of this, for example, when the process was being transitioned from Cendant Company to of a, Technovate, that the interfaces and dependencies were clearly specified. The several failures in the transition process in Technovate were mainly caused by the inaccuracies in the process flows created by the transition team. Proana Blog! The whole planning process was requiring a close supervision and examination. When the transition is over, the managers should be able to tell if the process looks like a six year, one year or even five years down the line. Writing! After the process is mapped on the original process flow, timelines should be revisited.
The acquisition of ebookers by Tecnovate Company had a lot of impacts on the relationship between Tecnovate and the clients. The services provided by the Tecnovate Company after the acquisition of ebookers were beneficial to the clients of the company. The first benefit was obtained from the contact center services, established after the acquisition. Contact center services included response and proana blog, call center services (Sample, 2004). There were also outbound and inbound services, enjoyed by clients of Tecnovate Company after acquiring ebookers. They include telesales, customer services and support, telemarketing, database updating, loyalty program administration, product support, activations and collections. Victorian Architecture! Also, under contact center services, there are email sales, email support and blog, email management. Technical helpdesks and web chat support services are useful in ensuring that clients’ problems are quickly attended at the shortest time possible.
In such way, the cadbury girl, relationship between Tecnovate Company and the clients is proana strengthened. Regarding the moby, IT services, the relationship between the company and clients has also improved. Proana! These services include designing, implementing, integrating and examples, managing e-business together with strategy development and web solutions. The company is also able to perform internet marketing, hence, ensuring search engine optimization. There is also the application software development that is meant to ensure that customers are much satisfied. Other services, such as enablement of legacy application, application maintenance and support, software services in the enterprise’s application integration help to improve the services offered to customers, thus, ensuring a strong relationship between the clients and Tecnovate. Business solutions in hospitality and travel domain are essential services provided to clients after the acquisition of ebookers by Tecnovate (Sample, 2004). The integration of enterprise’s portal design with knowledge is also useful in creating a strong customer relationship.
The other reason why the acquisition of proana blog, ebookers by Tecnovate Company led to examples, improved relationship with clients is the BPO services. The services are divided into two groups. There are back office administration services and proana, finance and accounting services. Moby Dick Narrator! The services are meant to enhance the operations of the proana blog, company, hence, attract as many clients as possible. Back office administration services include data processing, digitization, products and packet details entry and death of a motifs, content creation. There is also rules-based processing that involves claim processing and underwriting. Proana! Online processes are also available, and they entail online transaction processing, online sales processing, ticketing and reservation. The last services under back office administration are issuing of forms and architecture, other related activities, such as the order forms generation and invoice generation. The second category of BPO services is accounting and blog, finance (NASSCOM, 2004). Services under this category are banks reconciliation, involving accounts payable and account receivable. There are also supplier reconciliation services under finance and moby, accounting.
These are some of the reasons that have made Tecnovate company to improve its relationship with its clients. If an in depth analysis of these services can be done, it could be evident that the proana, services ensure that there are no delays while serving customers. Writing For Students! In conclusion, Tecnovate Company can be regarded as a pioneer in providing multilingual offshore business process outsourcing services, especially in proana blog, the Indian BPO space. Currently, the company has clients in more than 11 countries that speak more than 9 different languages (English, German, French, Swiss, Finnish, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian and Spanish). This is an immense achievement by cadbury Tecnovate Company. The company employs expatriates at proana blog, the entry and mid-level management positions. The expatriates are recruited on the clients’ base to serve their native markets. Victorian Architecture! Lastly, the proana blog, expatriate staff is examples in ww1 issued with a free fully-furnished accommodation, have a caretaker, free local transport, free global travel, subsidized meals, and special leave structure and health coverage among other benefits.
Other outsourcing providers have a leaf to borrow from Tecnovate Company.
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THE MEANING OF “MYTH” IN THE AMERICAN CONTEXT. For a long time I avoided using the word myth because it means so many different things to different people. Academic experts on myth debate heatedly about proana what a myth is and how it functions in human life. In fact, with so many conflicting meanings and so much debate, some scholars have declared the word meaningless and abandoned it altogether. But I have decided to write about myth because no other single word captures this absolutely essential aspect of our society, or any society. As I understand the term and use it here, a myth has several basic qualities. First, it is a a story, told either explicitly or implicitly. Second, when a myth works or is alive — that is, when some group of people accept it as valid and meaningful — it provokes a powerful response from those people because it relies on vivid, evocative symbols to tell the tale. Of Lead? When words or images function as symbols they affect us both intellectually and emotionally, both consciously and unconsciously. They communicate several different, often divergent, sometimes even contradictory, meanings simultaneously.
That’s why they evoke such a strong response. When many symbols are woven together in a myth they evoke even stronger response. Third, a living myth expresses something fundamental about the worldview, values, and proana lifestyle of the people who accept it. Of Nationalism In Ww1? A myth communicates what they assume to be true about: how the world and human life really is (their worldview) how people should live in the world (their values) how people do in fact live in the world (their lifestyle) how their worldview, values, and lifestyle ideally fit together. Proana Blog? A myth says, in effect, “we live (or ought to live) the moby dick, way we do because the world is the way it is. And because the world is the way it is, living as we do (or ought to) is proana blog, uniquely satisfying and fulfilling.” (This formulation comes from the prominent anthropologist Clifford Geertz.) Fourth, a living myth gives the people who accept it a way to victorian architecture, cope with the difficulties of life. when a myth is blog, working, it creates an idealized picture of whatever aspects of life it talks about. It gives an impression of human life and narrator the world as relatively coherent, harmonious, sensible, and therefore meaningful, so that life seems worth living. Sometimes a myth denies that there is any conflict or contradiction in the world. Proana Blog? Sometimes it accepts but explains conflicts, contradictions, and the suffering they cause.
Sometimes it offers no explanation at all but gives a powerful sense that life is good and worthwhile despite the conflicts, the contradictions, and the suffering. When people compare (consciously or unconsciously) a myth’s idealized image with the empirical reality of their lives, they can easily ignore much of the reality, hold on to the ideal instead, and in that way find great intellectual as well as emotional satisfaction. The satisfaction comes in part from the conviction that, while life and architecture the world are always changing, the myth is a story that seems never to blog, change. It is always available to report example, be retold, reenacted, relived. So the disturbing flux of the real is held in check by the bulwark of permanence — a sort of blog, timeless present — enshrined in the myth. MYTH, LIES, AND TRUTH. In our everyday English language, myth means a fiction or a lie.
Some myths are total fictions. Though they can have powerful influence on a society, they can also be debunked by fact, which places some limit (at least in theory) on their influence. The myths that affect us most, in theory and usually in fact, are those that blend empirical truth with fiction. The more truth they contain, the more convincing they are, the harder they are to dick, refute, and therefore the more influence they have. However empirical truth or falsehood is not the most crucial question when it comes to blog, myth. As the definition above indicates, a myth communicates some very real truths to the people who accept it as a living myth. This is the sense in which most historians of religion have come to example, use the term. Proana Blog? They say that myth has its own truth, a different kind of crispin: of lead, truth than science offers.
The people who tell a myth do not judge it by whether it can be proven factually true, either. Rather, the myth is blog, a sort of examples, lens through which they see the world. Blog? It tells them what they can accept as factually true and what they must consider false. Cadbury? It tells them what to pay attention to and what to ignore. Proana Blog? It tells them how to interpret their experiences. In all these way, myth shapes their view of of nationalism in ww1, truth.
To modern interpreters, myth is symbolic, not literal, truth. Proana Blog? We don’t judge a myth the way we judge a geometry proof or a financial report, by its literal accuracy. Rather, we judge it the architecture, way we judge a poem or a painting, by its power to move us emotionally; to challenge or reassure us intellectually; to shape, reshape, or reaffirm the way we experience the world. But what about the relation between myth and proana blog empirical or scientific fact? Most often a myth is compounded of both fiction and moby dick narrator empirically verifiable fact. (Zeus, for example, does not really throw lightning bolts down from Mt.
Olympus, but powerful thunderstorms do regularly form on blog, that particular mountaintop, generating plenty of very real lightning that strikes the earth.) Myths may generally have more fiction than fact, but sometimes the fact outweighs the fiction. There are even (perhaps rare) occasions when myths are completely factually true. American myths have been and death still are nearly all influenced by the rationalist culture of the Enlightenment. So they usually have a larger component of truth than the blog, myths of ancient cultures. Our national myths draw on empirical facts from victorian architecture, all aspects of public life — political, economic, cultural, moral, and blog more — and death salesman create a complex interplay among them, creating a sense of the nation and its life as a unified, harmonious whole.
(Note: speaking mythically, an American is proana blog, anyone who identifies (or has identified) as a member of the United States community in political, social, and/or cultural terms. This usage may offend inhabitants of other Western hemisphere lands who, quite understandably, resent seeing the United States take sole possession of the moby dick, term “American.” However as a mythic reality the term as defined here has such a long history and so much global impact that it deserves this special usage. Similarly, speaking mythically, “American” describes anything that is imagined to blog, be uniquely or particularly characteristic of mythic America.) To achieve the most satisfying sense of moby dick, wholeness, though, a myth must reshape the elements of empirical truth contained in it. It exaggerates empirical truths that fit an blog idealized image while downplaying or ignoring those that might contradict the received ideal. It exaggerates truths that are most likely to evoke emotional response while downplaying or ignoring less evocative truths.
It turns literal truths into vehicles for symbolic meaning. Thus it creates a caricature of truth, a picture that is crispin:, oversimplified, schematized, and therefore easier to grasp and respond to. Consider, for example, two classic American myths: the Pilgrims and Rosa Parks. Both stories, as told in blog elementary schools and known by death motifs most Americans, include elements of both fact and fiction. The Pilgrims’ economic status and motives are typically marginalized in or banished from the story, as are their internal disputes, while their religious commitments and proana blog desire for religious freedom take center stage. Architecture? Similarly, Rosa Parks’ age and her socioeconomic status get center stage, while her careful training for civil disobedience and proana blog her (and her husband’s) very active work in moby dick the NAACP for years preceding her day of fame are largely forgotten.
Ultimately, though, when a myth is working its factual truth is irrelevant, because the proana blog, people for whom a myth is alive do not judge it by whether it can be proven factually true. For Students? Rather, the myth is the lens through which they see the proana, world and moby judge what is true and false. Proana Blog? So it shapes their view of truth. It tells them what they can accept as factually true and what they must consider false. A living myth is what “everyone knows.” therefore it is not subject to interrogation, much less debate; it is, rather, the foundation for the cross debate, the set of blog, premises shared by all sides. Consider again the Pilgrims and Parks.
Both are emotionally powerful stories, made up of of nationalism, symbolic details that are readily and vividly visualized, and both communicate similar messages: People from all over proana blog the world come to America because here victims of injustice can and should stand up for their rights. if they are courageous enough, they can find a new kind of freedom unavailable anywhere else in the world. What happens if people suffering from injustice in other lands come to America, stand up for their rights, find themselves receiving no justice, and return to their native lands, perhaps even finding relatively more justice there? Or, if America is architecture, their native land, what happens if they give up the proana blog, fight and accept a life of injustice? For a majority of Americans, who hold the Pilgrims and Rosa Parks stories as living myths, there are two possibilities: 1. Explain the anomalous events in terms of the dick narrator, myth: “They weren’t as courageous as the Pilgrims or Rosa Parks. Proana Blog? They didn’t try hard enough. Or they didn’t go about it in the right way, the way charted by the Pilgrims and writing for students Parks. Or they didn’t recognize and understand the kind of justice America offered them. Proana Blog? ” 2. Simply ignore the anomalous events altogether. It is hard for most of us even to narrator, name people who actively tried to get more justice in the United States but failed in the long run. Proana? Their stories are rarely told, because the writing example for students, prevailing myths simply won’t allow them to be treated as real events.
Something similar happened in 2003, when the proana blog, prevailing myth insisted that Iraq, under Saddam Hussein, was building up a threatening arsenal of weapons of mass destruction. All the factual evidence to examples, the contrary was largely ignored by the mass media because the blog, myth did not allow that evidence to count as true fact. Even the most respected mass media sources refused to admit facts contrary to the myth. Eventually they recanted and apologized. But this was not simply because enough facts piled up to make the myth untenable. Victorian Architecture? Myths can stay alive in the face of proana blog, overwhelming evidence to the contrary. Rather, they recanted the examples of nationalism, WMD claim after the defeat of Saddam’s army, when Iraq no longer seemed to blog, present any kind of victorian architecture, threat. In effect, those highly respected news sources were admitting that the old myth of “dangerous Saddam” no longer worked, so new facts could now be “discovered.” EXPLICIT AND IMPLICIT MYTHS. Nearly every definition of myth begins with the statement that a myth is a story.
Classic myths do almost always have a narrative form. Blog? They often begin with “Once upon a time.” Many American myths have this classic narrative form too: “Once upon a time there was a group of people in England called Pilgrims”; “Once upon a time there was an crispin: of lead African-American woman named Rosa Parks.” From there the stories unfold in simple narrative fashion. These are what scholars call explicit myths. But one need not recite the whole myth to communicate its full meaning and power, because every myth is made up of many discrete elements or component pieces. These building blocks are usually words or visual images or a combination of the two.
But any sensory stimulus can play this role. Blog? In American myth, it might be the first six notes of “the Star-Spangled Banner” or the first four notes of “America the Beautiful,” a hand placed over the heart or a body pulled to rigid attention as these notes are sounded, the taste of a hamburger or hot dog with all the fixings, the girl, smell of a fresh apple or blueberry pie, the sound of firecrackers booming on the Fourth of July. All of these can serve as symbols, which are combined into themes, memes, and motifs. These are the blog, building blocks of now, myth. For those who know a myth, any component piece of it can easily communicate the cognitive and emotional meaning of the whole. The two words “Plymouth Rock,” all by themselves, or a photo of the proana, rock, will conjure up for most Americans the whole mythic tale of the Pilgrims. Architecture? The two words “Rosa Parks,” or a photo of an blog elderly black woman sitting in the front of a bus surrounded by white people. Death Of A? will conjure up for most Americans the whole mythic tale of the Montgomery bus boycott. In such cases, when an entire myth is implied by proana blog one small piece of it, scholars call it an implicit myth. The same process can work with more abstract mythic stories too.
If a speaker refers to “government of the architecture, people, by the people, and for blog the people,” anyone even slightly familiar with American myths will immediately conjure up the whole story of the eyebrows, Civil War, Abraham Lincoln’s role as mythic leader, the mythic links between the Gettysburg Address and the Declaration of Independence — and therefore between the Civil War and the Revolutionary War, between Lincoln and George Washington — and on and on. In fact, every one of the specific components of each American myth is ultimately connected to all the other building blocks of all other American myths in a network of implied connections that is virtually endless. A group of interlocking myths can conveniently be called a mythology. Words like progress , exceptionalism , abundance , and millennialism , for example, each conjure up an blog entire complex mythology. This is example for students, not to say that there is a single overarching or undergirding “monomyth.” Rather, there is a vast web of myths, mythologies, and mythic motifs, sometimes explicitly presented and sometimes only proana blog implied. This web in its totality forms a reservoir of national myths that myth-makers and myth-tellers can draw on cadbury eyebrows, in mix-and-match fashion. To call them “national” does not mean that everyone in the nation embraces or affirms all of proana, them. Rather, they are “national” in the sense that their messages speak (explicitly or implicitly) about the meaning of America, the relations of individuals and groups to the nation, and the nation’s role in the world. Typically the full stories remain only implied, in such a deep or unconscious way that few of us could reconstruct them in their complete narrative form.
Nevertheless, even a few mythic building blocks put together in almost any way can reinforce the power of the national myths to eyebrows girl, shape our perceptions and understandings of the meaning of America, our place in it, and its place in proana blog the world. NATIONAL MYTHS AND NATIONAL IDENTITY. The national myths have such power largely because they draw together so many facets of Americans’ experience and forge from them an idealized sense of a unified, organic whole; they make it seem that the pieces of the national puzzle all fit together. Report For Students? Each myth helps to create a sense of national identity, defining what it means to be an American. Each expresses something essential about the identity of the nation and its members, as many of them see it. When Americans share in the repetition of their myths, they create or reaffirm their connection with each other and their difference from other people who have other myths. Myth is like a social cement used to bond a group together and to build a wall between them and other groups — which is one reason national myths evoke such powerful emotion and satisfaction, Again, to be sure, not all Americans embrace every American myth, nor do all find the same meanings and values in proana blog any particular myth.
On the contrary, there is the cross of lead, always vigorous discussion and disagreement about those meanings and values. Much of the debate about specific policy issues is, at the deepest level, debate about myths and/or the meanings of myths. Different interpretations are inevitable, because myths and their component parts communicate symbolic meanings. So they tend to be multivalent; that is, any given myth, or any specific element within a myth, is proana, likely to express different and eyebrows girl now often conflicting meanings simultaneously. The richer, more potent, and more fundamental the myth, the more multivalent it is likely to be. Consider, for example, a statement as basic as “America is the land of the free.” This mythological axiom is used to justify both lower and higher tax rates on the rich; both more and less governmental regulation of land, labor, etc.; both more and less restriction on immigration and undocumented immigrants; and on and on. Could anyone ever catalogue all the interpretations that have been assigned to those few words, much less predict all the interpretations that will arise in the future?
The full network of American myths, taken as a whole, is like a playing field on which conflicts over public issues and public meanings are constantly fought out. The component elements of the proana, myths are also the the cross of lead, materials with which the conflict is fought or, one might say, the pieces with which the proana, game is played. Since the death motifs, meanings of myths are always being contested, they are always open to change. There was a time, for example (in fact a very long time) when the idea of proana, America as “a Christian nation” was taken for granted as an crispin: the cross of lead essential part of the nation’s mythic heritage. Blog? Now, of course, it is a hotly contested assertion. But such major changes in myths happen very slowly. At any given moment, there is a relatively fixed set of American myths — basic assumptions that lay out the boundaries of acceptable discussion, the rules of the game.
In that sense the web of victorian architecture, myths functions like a language. It sets limits to what can be said meaningfully in national debates on any issue. Just as an English speaker cannot say, “This man who has hair is bald,” so anyone who knows the rules of American myth cannot say, “America is the proana, land that denies individuals opportunity,” or “In America some people are chosen by God to rule over the rest of us.” Such statements are simply illegitimate or out of bounds. They carry no meaning within the rules of traditional American mythology (although they could become legitimate and meaningful if a new set of myths ever come to dominate American life). To be an American is to moby dick, understand the nation’s mythological playing field, to know its materials and rules, to be able to use the myths effectively, to be able to combine and recombine the constituent elements of the national myths in ways that count as meaningful. Proana? In America (as in any other nation), to crispin: of lead, know the difference between meaningful and meaningless statements, as defined by the nation’s myths, is proana, one of the key markers of national identity. WHO MAKES THE MYTHS?
Do ordinary Americans really have the power to work creatively with their myths? Can they innovate new variants on the national myths, new interpretations, or even whole new myths of their own? Do they not merely repeat what they have been fed by elite leaders and the mass media? And are the mass media themselves not merely creating myths at the bidding of the elite leaders who control them? To be sure, there is architecture, some truth in this view. Wealthy white Protestant men have historically had more control than anyone else over proana blog America’s myths. Though they are gradually having to report writing, share that control more and more with women, people of color, and adherents of other religions (and no religious commitment at all), there is still an imbalance of power when it comes to proana blog, controlling the myths. Nearly all Americans, nearly all of the time, draw on the elements of the national myths when they feel moved to eyebrows, create words, actions, or images dealing with America, its role in blog the world, and what it means to be an American. (Presumably their thinking is moby dick narrator, constructed out of these mythic building blocks too, though we can never know that for blog sure since we cannot read other people’s minds.) So the choices of voters and audience are constrained by the prevailing myths to a considerable degree. Americans are being deeply influenced — though most may not know it — by the legacy and continuing disproportionate influence of wealthy white men. But scholars who study myths in small communities usually discover that no one person or group of report writing for students, people is ever in full control of the myths. There are often people officially charged with reciting myths; they are akin to our own elite leaders and mass media journalists.
Yet close observation reveals all sorts of pressures coming from proana, all sorts of places that lead the official myth-tellers to change their stories, even if ever so slightly, over examples of nationalism in ww1 time. Proana Blog? The change reflects a constant, often subtle and even unconscious, process of negotiation between the myth-tellers and the other members of the moby dick, society as well as all the other forces impinging on the society’s life. In a nation of over 300 million people the process must be far more complex. Elite political leaders and the mass media must respond to the demands that each makes on proana blog, the other, for example. And both must respond to cadbury girl now, the demands of wealthy capitalists. Proana Blog? Within each elite group there are (sometimes fierce) debates about policy. And these conflicting policy views are ultimately shaped by conflicting view about which myths should take priority and how they should be interpreted. There is moby narrator, rarely any monolithic opinion among the “power elite.” Moreover, elite capitalist leaders must respond to the demands of consumers as well as investors, suppliers, political leaders, and proana the mass media. Political leaders must respond to crispin: the cross, some degree to the will (or whims) of the voters. the mass media must respond to the will (or whims) of the proana, audience, too. Elites and crispin: the cross the media plant seeds, but the proana, prevailing myths are the ground that makes them grow — the common people’s assumptions, which allow those seeds to be accepted as true and meaningful.
As I have listened to the voices of Americans across the death of a motifs, political and educational spectrum, I have heard them draw very heavily on proana, the common stock of mythic building blocks, sometimes in salesman what sounds like rote repetition. But I’ve also heard them — even the proana blog, most conservative, even the least educated — put those building blocks together in their own way and sometimes add pieces that are not part of the report for students, general stock of myths at proana blog, all. So American myths are never fully in anyone’s control. Myths are constantly being renegotiated because every American affects the myths and their changing shapes to some degree. We all live in the web of multivalent mythic meanings, which creates a field of conflicting interpretations and report writing for students conflicting views on blog, public issues at every level. All of the debates that shape public life — debates about report economic policy, foreign policy, the environment, social behavior, and so much else — are, at the deepest level, debates about national myths and the interpretation of those myths. Leave a Comment Here Cancel reply. Thank you so much Professor Chernus for this wonderfully inspiring article! I actually study myth at the graduate level, and plan to continue work, specifically on American myth, after graduation in blog April 2013.
I study Carl Jung’s archetypal psychology, mostly in its application to literary material, however my Bachelor’s degree is in American Studies with minors in political science, English, and philosophy. Of Nationalism In Ww1? I will continue to visit this site. its the brainstorming word. Our myths, our stories, as you point out, is proana, all we have to explain our existence. However there might be an example unrecognized notion here that is missed. Here is the quote that set me to view myths from a somewhat different perspective.
“. . . Every culture therefore lives by myth. Or, if the culture remains mostly unconscious, the culture is lived by its myth. This latter is the case in blog all primitive and most modern cultures. Their myths go unidentified because they are considered to be ‘truths,’ ‘self-evident facts,’ ‘scientific facts,’ ‘common sense,’ ‘universal values,’ or are quite unconscious.” Gerald H. Slusser, in victorian his essay “Jung and Whitehead On Self and Divine, The Necessity for Symbol and Myth,” found in the book “Archetypal Process, Self and Divine in Whitehead, Jung and Hillman.” Please note the quote refers to a “culture.” And, that a culture unconscious of its myth, or myths is “lived by proana its myth.” I believe that this is the case regarding the “American Myth or Myths” you write about.
When I first read the report writing for students, Slusser passage I asked myself “well what myth is living this(the American) culture? Instantly the blog, answer appeared – “The myth of the Chosen People.” I must tell you that I see this idea lurking, as it were, hidden, in much of your writing. Thanks for your thoughtful comments. There is so much about American myth that I did not cover in now my essays. I would never claim to have said everything that needs to be said. My whole project aims mainly to get people thinking about the subject and adding their own ideas, as you do.
So for you at least, it worked! You are certainly right that the Chosen People theme has played an proana blog important role in mythic America since the first white people showed up here, with a gun in one hand and a Bible in the other. Today we are more likely to hear phrases like “the one indispensable nation,” but we can hear the “the chosen people” echoing clearly in those contemporary words. One point to note: Though “the chosen people” is often taken as a reference to Judaism (where the term certainly has a rich history), for the early white Protestants in North America it referred to cadbury girl now, the Christian. Many of them (especially,but not only, the Puritans) thought of proana, themselves as “the New Israel.” That term could refer to both the (white) people and to the place — America as God’s “chosen land” or “promised land” — another notion that still echoes loudly in American public discourse today. The notion of cadbury eyebrows girl, “The Chosen People” was “taken over” by proana blog Christianity sometime around the 4th Century via “supersessionism,” see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supersessionism Clifford Longley has written a book titled “The Chosen People” which traces the concept through English and American history. Moby Dick Narrator? Here is review of the book: http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=7089.
Thought this comment was applicable. On the day that Edward Bernays sold his insights to munitions makers ever-eager for easy profits, to proana blog, imperialist corporations seeking new markets to dominate, and unscrupulous politicians at the beck and call of the former two, we began the transformation from a once proud republic into just another decadent empire. Via yellow journalism, early films, and pioneering radio the above unholy triad invaded and colonized the minds of millions of Americans and hijacked through tribal, jingoistic appeals the public’s common sense, its decency, its humanity, and its decision-making centers. Report Writing For Students? Therein lies the value of proana blog, manipulative propaganda. Over the decades, the above interest groups have merely refined their techniques, and in addition to the cross, (or rather with the proana blog, assistance of) the above media have employed public and economic policy to implement a worldview, a narrative where all is moby, good when “we, the People” (note how via language they’ve _hijacked us_ into appearing to be the main actor/decision-makers of their follies!) do it as “it spreads benevolent democracy and freedom” abroad… Ah, the national fugue state!
We have a lot of bad/false history to unlearn, a lot of embedded Bernaysian narratives to cast out and plain old Pavlovian conditioning to acknowledge and overcome. Those who don’t will continue to embrace, and blog defend, the suicidal jingoistic narrative, docilely line-up at recruitment stations, don a uniform and proceed to dick, go to foreign lands to kill and die…
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resume uk style This page explains how to blog write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in of lead, the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd.
Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an proana, American English term for a CV. A covering letter is a letter sent with your CV which explains details about your application to a particular company. A reference is a formal letter to an employer, from somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the layout of my CV?
There are many ways to design a CV. This section gives an example. Print your CV on good quality white paper. The Cross Of Lead. The paper size should be A4 (this is blog 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to use is writing for students 12 (or 10 if you want to put more information on your CV). The document should use only one font style, for example Times New Roman. Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words.
Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of blog, your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the of a salesman motifs CV on one side of paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple. A typical section order is:
There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and blog, your family name last (even if you write the family name first in your own country). Include the full postcode in death salesman motifs, your address. Make sure that you will be able to proana blog collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to leave a message for victorian you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the number of the telephone at your accommodation. The telephone number should start with the area code, written in brackets; for proana example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day. If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on crispin:, your CV. Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and proana blog, check your messages regularly.
Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for architecture dates. For start and blog, end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the girl first three letters of the month followed by blog the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, provide information about each of girl now, your job roles. Start by writing the name of the company (in bold) and proana blog, its location. On the examples of nationalism in ww1 next line you might give a brief description of what the company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs.
Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for blog which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the cadbury eyebrows Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). Proana Blog. You should not use the word I on your CV; this is girl understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at proana the shop. Remember that the moby person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in blog, your country. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for the dates.
For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the of nationalism month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the proana blog right-hand column, list the death of a motifs name of the school or university on one line, followed by proana blog further details (the course name or the number of exam subjects passed) on the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in this table (eg university and report writing example for students, secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the name of proana, this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is clear. If the university is one of the top universities in your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). Architecture. State the proana name of the town and country after the university's name.
In the description, put the name of the main subject studied (try to crispin: avoid using the words major or minor, which are used in proana, American English). If you studied English, the subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Of Lead. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the British university grade system is probably different from that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of about 15 and proana blog, 18, but not before this age. You should add the label Secondary school: before the name of the school, or include the words High School in the name.
If you took exams in examples, a wide range of proana, subjects, you may prefer to list only the examples of nationalism number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in blog, the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in a line under the examples in ww1 main table. For example, you could write Currently studying English at proana blog ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs)
An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for crispin: the cross the job) Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for information. The exact list of personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and proana blog, what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by the cross of lead your nationality eg Japanese. You may want to blog write Gender:, followed by moby dick Male or Female, if this is proana blog not obvious to a British person from death salesman, your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by a description of the blog status implied by crispin: the stamp in blog, your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by a short list of moby dick, perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests.
As you have come to the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to proana blog discuss at an interview. Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request. You should only cadbury eyebrows now, provide references if your employer asks for them. If you do need to proana give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Moby Narrator. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to blog do this, make sure that the person will be able to moby dick narrator provide comments in English, and give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT.
Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. · Advised the main shop's customers about blog, organic and health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of supplements and organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the main and in ww1, the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to expand the business by establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and blog, redirected this to dick the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in Japanese; practical knowledge of proana blog, English and Korean. If you are sending an application directly to eyebrows a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter).
The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by proana blog hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an in ww1, example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the proana potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to examples of nationalism in ww1 mention the level of your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail. If you give the telephone number of your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and proana blog, you should check if they have an example, answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in proana blog, Piccadilly, as advertised in Loot Recruit on writing example for students, 2 August.
Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in an organic food shop in Japan. This has given me experience of dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of proana blog, food retailing. I have been living in London since last September, and writing for students, am currently studying English at a language school. Proana Blog. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam). My fluency in the cross of lead, Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in a team. My student visa entitles me to work up to proana blog 20 hours per eyebrows girl now, week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the proana opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on the telephone or at an interview.
I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on girl, the computer (set the language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for blog any comments they may have.
If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about examples of nationalism in ww1, getting the job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an proana, application in the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to report writing example hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the company and ask when you can expect to hear from them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is often the case that people are invited for proana an interview for only a small number of the jobs to which they apply. Example. Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. If you are rejected by a company, ask them to blog give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of victorian architecture, your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview.
Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.
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3 Sample Email Templates Job Seekers Can Send to A Recruiter. During the talk Carlos Gil and I gave at SXSW ( Resumes Suck! 7 Ways to Find a Job With Social Media ), we had a handful of questions that I wanted to follow up on. Proana. One in particular I thought was important was a question about how job seekers and report example for students candidates should best reach out to hiring managers and recruiters before they formally apply for a job. In my work many years ago as a resume writer and career coach, this was one of the most effective ways to land hidden job opportunitites from proana, recruiters and writing hiring managers directly or from friends, colleagues and referrals who can make introductions for you. These days it#8217;s relatively easy to proana blog, find people#8217;s email addresses thanks to Chrome extensions like Email Hunter . Examples In Ww1. Sometimes recruiters (conveniently) share their email address on their website or LinkedIn Profile, but if not you can find them in online databases like WhoIs which serves as a website registry. Because only 2% of candidates who apply for jobs are considered for positions after applying using a company application process, I encourage candidates to reach out to recruiters and hiring managers directly.
Email is the best and most non-intrusive way. Gmail tools like YesWare can be used by job seekers to receive notification that a recruiter has opened up an email. That#8217;s similar to one of the benefits of the LinkedIn Business Account function I#8217;m able to proana, see when people have viewed my profile and eyebrows girl can take action to engage, follow up or reach out to them. 3 Sample Email Templates Job Seekers Can Send To A Recruiter. In terms of candidates engaging recruiters and hiring managers, there are three types of messages you can consider when you are doing your reachout to inquire about opportunities at a company or specific positions. These messages are labor intensive, meaning that there is a great deal of research and customizing to be done. Carlos mentioned in our talk that it#8217;s a good idea to proana, create an cadbury girl employer hit list and focus on 10-15 target companies you are most interested at working in. This helps focus your efforts to make sure you do the work and build the blog, relationships the right way. I#8217;ve included 3 sample email templates you can use to reach out to recruiters in a non-aggressive, professional but casual way.
These templates are meant to be updated and customized depending on the job, your experience and based on your specific needs. #1 The Informational Interview Reach Out. The informational interview is a bit of a lost art form. It#8217;s a great way to engage recruiters or hiring managers if there aren#8217;t any job openings listed on their career site. I use my Workology Podcast as a form of an informational interview to build new connections, relationships and writing example as a consulting customer acquisition tool. As an interested job seeker during an informational interview, you ask questions about the company culture, hiring process and learn about the selection process. Proana Blog. These are time consuming but an effective way to build a relationship and make an impression with someone at your hit list company.
Dear insert name, My name is insert your name and moby dick narrator I would love to schedule an informational interview. Proana Blog. I#8217;ve heard great things about your company culture and would like to learn more about the hiring and selection process. I#8217;m developing a article series on LinkedIn Publisher (or your blog) featuring local employers who have great reputations, sharing with the community just what makes insert company name a great place to work. The interview would take no more than 30 minutes.
It#8217;s a QA style format. I#8217;d love to schedule a time to stop by and meet with you in cadbury girl, person and get a tour of the offices before publishing my story. insert your name The beauty of this day and age is proana that everyone is a publisher whether its a podcast, blog like this one, LinkedIn Publisher, Medium and starting later this month Facebook. You don#8217;t have to be an amazing writer to write question and answer type stories. For Students. Most importantly, this puts you directly in front of the recruiter where you can send a follow up message, after your article goes live, saying that you enjoyed talking with them and would be interested in being a part of proana blog their team. One of the best ways to accelerate the death of a motifs, hiring process is using a referral email for a direct introduction to proana blog, a recruiter or hiring manager for victorian a friend, peer or colleague. This was one of my favorite tactics in blog, my resume writing days. A simple targeted email sent to 5 people resulted in a hire for an engineer who had 30 years of work experience but no college degree. Because he didn#8217;t have the educational requirement, he kept getting disqualified from eyebrows girl, job openings even though he had enough experience. The referral email is sent to proana, a handful of your most trusted contacts.
The smaller the better, and I recommend that you send a personalized note instead of blasting or messaging everyone in a form of spray and pray. Dear insert friend#8217;s name, Earlier this month, I made the decision to begin looking for a new career opportunity. It#8217;s been a great insert number of years working at insert company name as their insert job title. I#8217;m looking for a new company to architecture, challenge me and grow my skill set in insert skill name, insert skill name, and insert skill name. I#8217;m focusing my job search on five different companies in the insert city name metro area for a career opportunity as an proana insert job title, insert job title or insert job title.
I would appreciate your help by providing a direct introduction by email or phone to anyone you know who works at cadbury girl now any of the companies listed below. Name of company #1 Name of company #2 Name of company #3 Name of blog company #4 Name of company #5. Crispin:. Please include my LinkedIn Profile in your introduction insert LinkedIn Profile link and a short introduction about me that includes my xx years of experience in the fields of insert skill name and insert skill name and that I#8217;m interested in blog, a job opportunity as a insert job title. Cadbury Eyebrows Girl. Thank you so much for you assistance. Blog. Let me know how I can help you.
#3 The Application Follow Up Email to a Recruiter or Hiring Manager. Recruiters are some of the most visible professionals on the web today and following up with them via email or on social media after applying for a job opening, can also be an effective way to death of a motifs, improve the likelihood that you will receive a response from the company. I like to engage recruiters on multiple channels to help ensure they will at least open the message. You can send them a tweet telling a recruiter you just shot them an email and proana are awaiting their response or a quick note on examples in ww1, LinkedIn paraphrasing your email. When sending any kind of email, I suggest using an email extension tool like the above mentioned YesWare to update you on when your message is opened.
This helps ensure that your email is getting to the right person and in a timely way. Dear insert recruiter name, I recently applied for a job opening at proana blog insert company name for the position of insert position name on your online career site. The position fits perfectly with my experience in insert experience, insert experience and insert experience. You can learn more about me by victorian architecture, viewing my LinkedIn Profile insert LinkedIn Profile url. Proana Blog. I recently followed you on insert social media site and appreciated the valuable resources you are providing for job seekers and the way you interact with candidates. I#8217;m a fan of insert sports team, type of animal or other interest too.
I#8217;d love to salesman motifs, set up a time to proana, schedule a call and talk about the position and my experience. I have some availability on salesman motifs, insert days next week from insert time span with time zone. You can email me at proana insert your email address or by phone at insert phone number. I look forward to scheduling some time with you. insert your name Accelerate Your Job Search with Email. Use the power of the internet combined with email messages to engage, customize and make an impression with recruiters and hiring managers that encourages them to learn more about you. While the job search process is a numbers game, you can stack the report writing for students, odds in your favor by doing research, customizing your messages and tapping into proana, your professional network in creative, targeted ways. Email isn#8217;t dead. Email and sample templates are one of the most effective ways to accelerate your job search and improve your chances of of nationalism in ww1 landing an blog interview. I#8217;ve also included the slide from of nationalism in ww1, our SXSW talk below.
Download my job search guide for proana FREE . Includes resume, cover letter and email templates like the ones you see above. Click here. Jessica Miller-Merrell, is workplace change agent focused on human resources and talent acquisition. Recognized by Forbes as a top 50 social media influencer. Victorian Architecture. She's the founder of Workology, formerly Blogging4Jobs. Follow her on blog, Twitter, @jmillermerrell.
Andriatahina Ralaimaro laurent Bien-Aime says. I am Malagasy, a man 57 years old, I have a degree in human resources, local development and management in organisation. Examples Of Nationalism. I have experiences in proana blog, those fieds. Is it possible for me to work in your country? Hello Jessica, thank you so much for sharing these email templates. This is a useful blog. I would definitely use these templates and share them with my friends and example family.
Thank you so much for this post. Proana Blog. mohammed arif says. its a great site, which helps everybody to know how to eyebrows girl now, send a mail in a proper formal way.. keep updating the informaiton. I have sent out blog, Informational interview requests in the past (and I preach this to architecture, my friends and family as well). Proana. I have had some success and report writing many no responses. I definitely like your angle about the idea of blog telling them how you are doing a LinkedIn blog on potential employers. Everyone likes talking about themselves, and crispin: the cross this approach is blog disarming as opposed to just a random person asking for a meeting.
Thanks for sharing!! Thank you. I hope it#8217;s helpful for the job seeker and professional community. Thanks a lot Jessica for sharing valuable information. I am hopeful to moby, get some good response. These templates are so useful, indeed. Usually, the job seekers apply for proana blog multiple companies at once and if they don#8217;t receive any response, they have a feeling of disappointment.
This is the right way for them to actually know if they#8217;re not suitable for the job or it#8217;s just the fact that the recruiter received so many e-mails, he forgot to victorian architecture, answer his. Sending a follow-up email is the best decision a job seeker could make and proana this template is a great start for anyone! Copyright #x000A9; 2017 · Workology Inc. All Rights Reserved. Site Design by The Spinbird Group.
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David Brooks on proana blog, ‘The Next Culture War’ The Supreme Court’s gay marriage decision landed like some sort of the cross of lead, culminating body blow onto this beleaguered climate. Rod Dreher, author of the truly outstanding book “How Dante Can Save Your Life,” wrote an proana blog essay in Time in which he argued that it was time for girl Christians to strategically retreat into their own communities, where they could keep “the light of faith burning through the surrounding cultural darkness.” He continued: “We have to accept that we really are living in a culturally post-Christian nation. The fundamental norms Christians have long been able to depend on no longer exist.” Most Christian commentary has opted for blog another strategy: fight on. Several contributors to a symposium in the journal First Things about the court’s Obergefell decision last week called the ruling the Roe v. Wade of examples of nationalism, marriage. It must be resisted and resisted again. Proana? Robert P. George, probably the most brilliant social conservative theorist in the country, argued that just as Lincoln persistently rejected the Dred Scott decision, so “we must reject and resist an egregious act of examples, judicial usurpation.” Brooks says that most conservatives he’s read since Friday’s Obergefell decision are vowing to continue fighting the culture war.
As a self-described “friend and admirer” of social conservatives — and I should say that David is a valued friend of mine, and I am indeed an admirer of his — though not one of us, Brooks suggests doing a different thing. Consider a different culture war, one just as central to your faith and proana far more powerful in death salesman motifs its persuasive witness. We live in a society plagued by formlessness and radical flux, in which bonds, social structures and commitments are strained and frayed. Millions of kids live in stressed and fluid living arrangements. Many communities have suffered a loss of social capital. Many young people grow up in a sexual and proana social environment rendered barbaric because there are no common norms. Many adults hunger for meaning and goodness, but lack a spiritual vocabulary to think things through. Social conservatives could be the victorian architecture people who help reweave the sinews of society.
They already subscribe to a faith built on selfless love. They can serve as examples of commitment. They are equipped with a vocabulary to proana blog distinguish right from wrong, what dignifies and what demeans. They already, but in private, tithe to moby dick the poor and nurture the lonely. The defining face of proana blog, social conservatism could be this: Those are the people who go into underprivileged areas and form organizations to help nurture stable families. Those are the people who build community institutions in places where they are sparse. Those are the of a salesman motifs people who can help us think about how economic joblessness and spiritual poverty reinforce each other. Those are the people who converse with us about the transcendent in everyday life. Two thoughts occur to me. First, note well that David distinguishes between my Benedict Option approach and the more conventional culture war approach.
Continuing the proana “war” metaphor, I am recommending a strategy for resisting, enduring and thriving under the reality of occupation. This is not what Robbie George et alia are endorsing. I think mine is more realistic, and stands the of nationalism in ww1 greater chance of success. Proana Blog? Ultimately, I think, we agree on victorian, moral truth, but strongly differ on proana blog, how best to live that out writing and to blog advocate for it under present conditions. Second, and of much more importance, is that I don’t believe my friend David understands the inseparable connection between Christian sexual morality and the familial and the cross of lead social instability David rightly decries. Family and social breakdown is proana blog, inextricably linked to cadbury eyebrows girl now the abandonment of Christian sexual ideals — specifically, the idea that sexual passion should be limited to expression within the bounds of blog, marriage.
Chastity — which is not “no sex,” but rather the right ordering of the of a motifs God-given sexual instinct — is a Christian virtue. It is not the most important Christian virtue, but it is blog, not one that can be discarded, either. C.S. Lewis, in Mere Christianity , explains this kind of thing well. This link takes you to a long excerpt (be sure to examples of nationalism read down to the section on Christian sexual morality, especially the blog part in which he points out that you can be perfectly chaste and still go to hell if you have a cold heart). Cadbury Eyebrows Girl? This earlier, broader discussion, applies here: Morality, then, seems to be concerned with three things. Proana? Firstly, with fair play and harmony between individuals. Secondly, with what might be called tidying up or harmonising the things inside each individual. Thirdly, with the general purpose of human life as a whole: what man was made for: what course the examples of nationalism whole fleet ought to be on: what tune the blog conductor of the band wants it to play.
You may have noticed that modern people are nearly always thinking about the first thing and forgetting the other two. When people say in the newspapers that we are striving for Christian moral standards, they usually mean that we are striving for kindness and fair play between nations, and classes, and eyebrows girl now individuals; that is, they are thinking only of the first thing. When a man says about something he wants to do, “It can’t be wrong because it doesn’t do anyone else any harm,” he is thinking only of the first thing. He is proana blog, thinking it does not matter what his ship is like inside provided that he does not run into the next ship. And it is quite natural, when we start thinking about morality, to begin with the first thing, with social relations. For one thing, the results of of nationalism, bad morality in that sphere are so obvious and press on us every day: war and blog poverty and graft and lies and shoddy work. And also, as long as you stick to the first thing, there is very little disagreement about morality. Almost all people at all times have agreed (in theory) that human beings ought to be honest and kind and helpful to one another. But though it is natural to begin with all that, if our thinking about morality stops there, we might just as well not have thought at all.
Unless we go on to the second thing-the tidying up inside each human being-we are only deceiving ourselves. What is the good of examples of nationalism in ww1, telling the ships how to steer so as to proana blog avoid collisions if, in fact, they are such crazy old tubs that they cannot be steered at of a salesman motifs all? What is the proana blog good of drawing up, on of nationalism in ww1, paper, rules for proana blog social behaviour, if we know that, in fact, our greed, cowardice, ill temper, and self-conceit are going to prevent us from keeping them? I do not mean for a moment that we ought not to think, and think hard, about improvements in our social and economic system. What I do mean is that all that thinking will be mere moonshine unless we realise that nothing but the victorian architecture courage and unselfishness of blog, individuals is ever going to make any system work properly. It is easy enough to remove the particular kinds of graft or bullying that go on under the present system: but as long as men are twisters or bullies they will find some new way of carrying on the old game under the victorian new system.
You cannot make men good by law: and without good men you cannot have a good society. That is why we must go on proana, to think of the second thing: of morality inside the individual. But I do not think we can stop there either. We are now getting to the point at which different beliefs about the universe lead to different behaviour. And it would seem, at first sight, very sensible to eyebrows girl stop before we got there, and just carry on with those parts of morality that all sensible people agree about. But can we? Remember that religion involves a series of proana blog, statements about facts, which must be either true or false. If they are true, one set of conclusions will follow about the moby right sailing of the human fleet: if they are false, quite a different set. For example, let us go back to the man who says that a thing cannot be wrong unless it hurts some other human being.
He quite understands that he must not damage the other ships in the convoy, but he honestly thinks that what he does to his own ship is simply his own business. But does it not make a great difference whether his ship is proana, his own property or not? Does it not make a great difference whether I am, so to speak, the the cross of lead landlord of proana blog, my own mind and body, or only a tenant, responsible to the real landlord? If somebody else made me, for his own purposes, then I shall have a lot of duties which I should not have if I simply belonged to myself. Again, Christianity asserts that every individual human being is cadbury, going to live for ever, and this must be either true or false. Now there are a good many things which would not be worth bothering about if I were going to live only seventy years, but which I had better bother about very seriously if I am going to live for ever. Perhaps my bad temper or my jealousy are gradually getting worse -so gradually that the increase in proana blog seventy years will not be very noticeable.
But it might be absolute hell in moby dick a million years: in proana fact, if Christianity is true, Hell is the examples precisely correct technical term for what it would be. And immortality makes this other difference, which, by the by, has a connection with the difference between totalitarianism and democracy. Proana? If individuals live only seventy years, then a state, or a nation, or a civilisation, which may last for a thousand years, is girl now, more important than an individual. But if Christianity is true, then the individual is not only proana more important but incomparably more important, for death of a he is everlasting and the life of a state or a civilisation, compared with his, is proana blog, only a moment. It seems, then, that if we are to think about morality, we must think of all three departments: relations between man and man: things inside each man: and relations between man and the power that made him. We can all cooperate in the first one. Disagreements begin with the second and become serious with the eyebrows third. It is in proana dealing with the third that the main differences between Christian and non-Christian morality come out. For Students? For the rest of this book I am going to assume the Christian point of view, and look at the whole picture as it will be if Christianity is true. Christianity, properly understood, takes a more holistic view of the human person. David rightly causes us to think of blog, how few conservative Christians consider the role that economics and economic policy plays in report writing example for students breaking apart families and communities.
But liberals, Christian and otherwise, fail to appreciate the extent to which abandoning sexual restraint results in broken families and broken societies. “Different beliefs about the universe lead to different behavior,” Lewis writes. The Sexual Revolution teaches something different about sex, the body, desire, and identity. Christianity opposes it — and Christian chastity cannot be isolated from the overall Christian conception of what the body is and who we are as incarnated eternal beings. The point is, there is no way for proana Christians to undertake the task of nurturing stable families, as David correctly wishes for, without making the teaching of Christian chastity part of the mission. This is the one thing the example for students world cannot accept — and in fact, finds a form of madness, indeed of bigotry. I’m writing this moments after finishing a seminar discussion of Canto V of Dante’s Inferno , which is proana blog, about lust as a distorted version of love.
Because Francesca and Paolo construed lust as love, their sin led to moby violence — Paolo’s brother, discovering that his brother and his wife were sleeping together, killed them both — including the breaking of the family, and to the damnation of them all. Lust is one of the least bad of all sins in Dante’s conception … but it is enough to proana blog earn hell all the same. The romanticization of victorian, sexual love is no new thing. But it continues to seduce us and to confuse us, and, along with economic individualism, has become on of the two dominant ideologies of our civilization. Proana Blog? This bad idea has consequences. The destruction of the family and the sundering of social bonds are among them. UPDATE: Patrick Deneen responds thus on his Facebook page: Much of this column by architecture, David Brooks resonates. He is absolutely correct that the wider culture has changed, and rather radically, and that Christians have generally been unprepared and inept in responding to those changes.
And he is absolutely correct to note the echoing hollowness of that culture, and the deep need for proana meaning, purpose, aspiration beyond hedonism, consumption, irony, detachment and – yes – loneliness. But his analysis seems to miss the mark to this extent – in my view, it’s not Christians who have been perpetuating the moby dick narrator “culture war” over sexuality (I know many will disagree, but hear me out). The origins of the proana blog “war” was arguably launched by victorian, Roe v. Wade, which was, for the Christian, less about sexual morality than protecting the proana life of the unborn. It was a human rights battle, not a battle over sexual propriety (though, of course, there were implications there as well). But in recent years, from whence has the the cross aggression come? Was the HHS Mandate the result of aggressive proselytizing on the evils of contraception? Was the SSM battle engaged by the mainstream of religious believers premised on the view that homosexuals were the equivalent of racists (I would simply point to leading voices like Robert Robert P. Proana Blog? George and Ryan T. Anderson who have been models of civility, attempting to offer reasoned argument in the face of of a motifs, accusations of bigotry)? Have Christians threatened to wipe out the livelihood of rural pizza makers who didn’t conform to proana blog their views, or even launched boycotts against the likes of Apple, etc.? Or, we might even ask, when is the last time someone heard a sermon about sexual morality from the pew? Brooks is correct that Christians need to report example for students repair their own house.
And I think this impulse accounts for much of the attraction for many to proana blog Rod Dreher‘s “Benedict Option” – less as a reaction of of a motifs, “taking our ball home” than the realization that we have a lot of work to proana do on our own house. But what Brooks simply neglects to talk about is that Christians are not going to be allowed to depart from the battlefield. Once the atomic weapon of “bigotry” has been used, you can’t just contain the radiation. Christians will be occupied for years yet to come defending their institutions – not because that’s what they want to do, but because they will be forced to. I wish that the sides could stand down now – truly I do – but I simply think the death salesman motifs logic is inexorable. Blog? I hope and wish I am wrong. But I fear I am right.
I am certain Deneen is right, and this is another reason for the Benedict Option: to build in the resilience within ourselves and our communities to hang on to the truth when the going gets very rough. Can There Be Jews Without The Jewish God? 198 Responses to David Brooks on ‘The Next Culture War’ “The former would include the “manosphere”, the Ayn Randians, global warming skeptics, and generally those who see life as a struggle where the strong Alphas survive and deserve to report example survive, if “deserve” is an proana applicable term to use for victorian architecture the innate allocation of proana, inherited characteristics. The latter – well, there’s the social media mobs, the human rights crowd, etc. They do have the virtue of at least an narrator intermittent helping hand to those who are in need. Blog? But I wouldn’t put my money on the SJWs winning the of nationalism in ww1 next series in the playoffs. Especially if life gets tough.” With the exception of global warming skeptics, the majority of proana blog, whom are traditionalist Christians, the dick groups you list include altogether 2-4% of the population, taken together. It’s just that tiny ideological groups appear larger than they are in the internet..
“Once female liberation (sexual and otherwise) was on the table ‘traditional marriage’ was finished. It was now a bond between two equals, not a hierarchical arrangement solely for the reproduction of the family.” This. Traditional marriage was toast once women were granted the rights to blog vote, go to writing example for students college, earn their own living, etc.–all without having to ask their husbands for proana blog permission. Once they figured out how to salesman take control of their fertility (through either artificial or natural means), it was game over. And good luck putting those Genies back in the bottle. Our best chance (maybe only, short of being forced into it at machete-point by the likes of ISIS) for return to proana the halcyon days when women knew their place and cadbury girl now stayed in it is some sort of apocalyptic event that forces us back to foraging for survival. Once we get comfortable again, though, I suspect the proana blog cycle of a good number of women getting uppity and wanting more than homemaking and childbearing will start all over again. I now understand what you were getting at victorian and it’s a separate issue from the point I was making.
The reason I looked across regions in the current day was to see which sexual ethic culture (or a culture’s embrace of which chastity model, if you prefer) appears to provide measurably superior outcomes given our current post-sexual revolution society and our current divorce and legal systems. Your point may well be interesting. However, it’s a very different question. Unless you are also interested in reversing the institution of no-fault divorce, starting to proana put back in report for students place the coverture laws that were finally dismantled in the late 20th century, and reshaping the culture to proana blog narrow women’s acceptable occupational prospects to a small slice of example, largely subordinate and service roles, there’s no going back to the pre-60’s world. “Now wait just a minute here! As a 70 year old woman married for 49 years with four children and four grandchildren, now I’m told that “this love I presently have is the most I can reasonably hope for” but it is of course inferior??” Fear not. Your sexual activity still falls under “procreation sex” (unless you or your husband had a sterilization procedure–or unless you engage in proana blog anything other than penis-in-vagina-for-ejaculation sex) because it is still ordered toward procreation. Besides, there is always the possibility you could be “blessed” with a miracle like Sarah or Elizabeth and conceive a new little bundle of joy within your 70-year-old body. Bonus: Maternity clothes are a whole lot cuter now than they were back in your earlier childbearing years.
You’ll have all sorts of fabulous maternity clothing options to show off that elderly baby bump! Perichoresis: So TA has shown us that your thesis is moby dick, wrong. Proana Blog? Nice try to of nationalism in ww1 say it doesn’t matter, your theory is correct even if facts don’t support it. Massachusetts has experienced the sexual revolution, yet its divorce and proana blog out of wedlock pregnancy rates aren’t any higher than in report for students the 50’s. There must be something else going on. Proana Blog? Like poverty, lack of access to birth control, lack of access to good jobs, and examples in ww1 that stupid abstinence-only enducation that the South insists on sticking to despite it being proved that it’s worse than no education at all. Blog? It’s a really good thing if you look up facts to support your theories rather than just assuming the facts would support your theories because it would logically follow in for students your worldview.
What those who are carping about the exaltation or denigration of “traditional marriage” seem to forget is that for most of proana blog, human history, most women were partners in hard physical labor, not godesses of the of lead home and hearth devoted to nurturing the children and light housekeeping. Anyone tried hauling water from the nearest river, heating it, filling an proana iron bathtub, just to death do laundry? And that is proana blog, only one empiric. A relatively recent one, because most of moby narrator, human history lacked iron bathtubs for most of the population. “Once female liberation (sexual and otherwise) was on the table ‘traditional marriage’ was finished. It was now a bond between two equals, not a hierarchical arrangement solely for the reproduction of the family.” Even, the Catholic church married infertile couples, because marriage is not SOLELY for reproduction. It’s also about sexual difference. OK then take “elderly women” out of the proana blog list of the self-centered non-reproducers. I’m done with babies, I buy stuff for grandchildren now. Anyway, you know what?
I don’t much care what anyone else, including the Morally Righteous on this blog (with whom we are over supplied, at least as to judging the behavior of other people), think about my sex life. Blake Blount: I pointed out that what Turmarion portrayed Lewis as saying wasn’t actually what he said. Sigh. If you look at my original comment here, I clearly quote Lewis exactly . In the very last sentence of my long post, I slightly elided what Lewis said: “If you’re going to writing example use Lewis to argue about gender, you can’t just dump the proana part about men being over women as much as ‘man over beast’.” Yes , Lewis said “man over wife”, not “men over women”. However, I don’t think it takes a huge conceptual leap to argue that one who thinks a husband should be over a wife as much as a human over a beast has at least a latent belief in female inferiority . It would seem tendentious to argue otherwise. And if one doesn’t get why comparing the architecture role of a husband vis-a-vis a wife to that of blog, a human vis-a-vis an animal is offensive and demeaning–well, in that case I have nothing to say.
In any case, if you read what I actually wrote , I don’t think I’m distorting Lewis at all. @grumpy realist: Blake–you’re male, right? No wonder you think an unequal relationship in which you’re at narrator the top is a Good Thing. Blake: I haven’t revealed what I think on blog, the subject. Me: So if it’s husband and wife instead of men and women, that makes [Lewis’s model of subordination] OK?! My very last line might have been loose, but I don’t think what you say here is a defense!
Blake: If there is absolutely no room for you to report writing example see that anything even slightly less egalitarian than the modern ideal of proana, marriage is moby, acceptable, then I reckon it wouldn’t be to you. Blog? Again, he didn’t claim that husbands have the same sort of writing for students, authority over their wives that mankind generally has over animals. It seems that Blake is defending non-egalitarian models here. And if Lewis didn’t “claim that husbands have the same sort of authority over their wives that mankind generally has over animals”, then, given that he was a highly intelligent man, he damn well ought to have phrased it differently . Blake, why don’t you say what you think? If you think Lewis’s model is proana, a good one–or some other model–why not just say so? It always puzzles me how a certain type of commentator rails against someone like me who clearly prefers the egalitarian model (or whatever), but then when called on it by someone like grumpy gets cagey all of crispin: the cross of lead, a sudden and goes all, “I didn’t actually say that!” OK–so say what you mean! ginger: Our best chance (maybe only, short of blog, being forced into it at report example for students machete-point by the likes of ISIS) for return to the halcyon days when women knew their place and stayed in it is proana, some sort of apocalyptic event that forces us back to foraging for survival. Yes! Family values through civilizational collpase! Tradition via apocalypse!
I sometimes get a vague whiff (or in the case of Karth and his Meltdown, an overpowering stench–I still can’t believe he seriously advocated an EMP weapon to “fix” society) from socons of a longing for the cross apocalypse. They can’t get what they want, so they dream of all that nasty modernity being wiped off the slate period. Never mind that conservatively at least 75% of the population would die off , and that we’d be living in conditions that would make Mad Max look nice. There’s a concurrent fetishizing of the past–“Yeah, we had the pox and the plague and crusades against fellow Christians infidels and women dying in proana blog childbirth–but we weren’t a buncha depraved immoral PC wussies like we are today!” I mean, if you really feel that way, no one’s stopping you from living on narrator, a farm with no running water, sanitation, vaccines, etc….. Once we get comfortable again, though, I suspect the cycle of a good number of women getting uppity and wanting more than homemaking and proana childbearing will start all over again. Even apocalypse can’t keep them uppity wimmins down! #128521; Re: Throughout the victorian architecture 19th Century, a series of state laws chipped away at the inability of married women to blog own property, fundamentally changing the nature of marriage. Women were always able to own property (throughout Christiandom). Report For Students? What they couldn’t do easily was own it in independent of their husband if they were married, though the latter was possible with some legal wrangling. But widows and single heiresses held their own property under their own right. Re: JonF, the idea that a small, unelected, unaccountable group of bankers creating “money” out of thin air is somehow less honest or less prone to proana abuse than people using a natural resource for currency is absurd on report writing example for students, its face, and has been repeatedly proven thus over the last hundred years.
Bryan, I will say it more forcefully then: Money is irrelevant. Obsession with the form of money is as silly in economic matters as debating what font a Supreme Court decision is written in in a legal study. Aimai, you may be right, but many of the commenters are committed Christians and in proana their view what matters at the end is faith and death salesman motifs obedience to the Scripture. If there are scriptural passages condemning homosexuality, then it is what it is. Blog? they will make openly gay people’s life as unpleasant as possible. I fear that you are right, and dick narrator that this is the real motivation behind the wedding-cake and florist controversies. Before all this boiled up, wedding cake bakers confined their attention to frosting, and did not presume to examine the entire ceremony and its participants with a demand that they have the right to approve or disapprove. (!) Their new interest in being consulted about everything does not spring from deep religious conviction so much as from their desire “to make openly gay people’s lives as unpleasant as possible,” as you put it so well. Query as to how “Christian” such a desire is, or where it says in Scripture that bakers and florists are morally responsible for the behavior of strangers.
Whatever you and blog I may think, the targets of this hostility understand this offensive and its real motivations very well, and can be depended upon to return it with interest. I’m afraid we’re in for a (hopefully brief) period of spiteful, petty skirmishes over unimportant details, fought with a bitterness which far outstrips anything which could possibly be justified by crispin: the cross, a piece of pastry or a bunch of proana, flowers. We’ve already seen a preview, in writing example the matter of the proana blog pizza parlor which has never catered a wedding and never expected to, but which achieved national fame (and notoriety) by announcing that if some (presumably down-scale) gay couple wanted them to “cater” a wedding, they would refuse. When I said SSM might be seen as gays catching up to their heterosexual peers in combining the carnal and romantic sides of eyebrows now, sexual love in a lifelong commitment, I wasn’t thinking of blog, some hypothetical “ideal,” but merely that it’s an improvement over the status quo. J. Examples Of Nationalism? Bottum said something similar (and noted here) before Justice Kennedy weighed in. Thanks for the very thoughtful answer to my question. You’ve given me a lot to think about. My pleasure.
You asked a deep question in a sincere way, and that deserves response. One thing modern Christianity increasingly needs in proana countries where it cannot dominate by force and social stigma is ways to talk to girl other people who only buy maybe 5% to 10% of the Christian’s premises. It helps to map out that 5%, to outline “what is our completely common ground?” prior to moving on to the areas of mutual incomprehension. Even if interacting with someone not philosophically-inclined, it helps to know the things that can be safely built upon without immediate pushback. If Christians want to interact with non-Christians, “there is an eternity for Harm to accumulate” simply isn’t a mutual point of commonality at first, but the fact that the Christian is legitimately worried about long-term damage from accumulating Harm helps put the Christian’s concerns in a non-repulsive perspective. Blog? Not causing Harm (emotional damage, permanent disease, financial catastrophe, and of nationalism so on), while actively promoting Care (loving others more than oneself), are concepts and frameworks the proana blog non-Christian is already able to architecture wrap their head around. It’s a starting point much more coherent (and attractive) than dense debate over the nondisprovability of the Divine. @Darth: This is an impressive attempt to defend traditional sexual morality in terms of harm, consent, and proana blog equality.
Thanks. It’s obviously only the beginning 0.01% baby steps, but Bernie (a longstanding Traditional Catholic in these parts) did ask. Trying to help Christians think of ways to crispin: the cross frame their public arguments without immediately and entirely (and thus, uselessly) pointing to the Bible and the Magisterium is proana blog, all Good. It is something that I strongly want to see them develop on the public stage. But most of this won’t persuade anyone, because your normative claims about what counts as harm and your empirical claims about what is likely to of nationalism lead to harm are dubious. Anyone , huh? Speaking of dubious claims, that’s so dubiously extreme that it is proana blog, actually a logical fallacy. Already, Bernie, the person who asked, seems quite persuaded as to the need to dig deeper. So already, that is dick narrator, your “anyone” entirely up in smoke.
Further, most Claims of Harm are quite frequently nondisprovable, and most people know they are nondisprovable. That’s precisely why emotional blackmail is so effective as a manipulation technique. The claim of proana, Harm can also be entirely legitimate even if it is not emotional and of a motifs it hasn’t manifested yet: the years and proana decades that it can take for adverse effects to manifest from carcinogens (Asbestos) and pathogens (HIV) and environmental toxins (lead poisoning possibly retarding brain development, causing crime spikes and education deficits) means that people being glib about “no Harm to see here!” can usually be dismissed out of hand as both unserious and unwilling to engage the dick narrator fullness of a topic in proana Good Faith. So subtle forms of Harm are, in fact, fantastic categories for Christians to publicly engage. To be more effective Witnesses to their Creeds, Christians need to be able to point to comprehensible, non-abstract Harms they perceive in non-Christian behaviors, and they also need to fully own and repudiate those non-Christian behaviors in themselves (something about “I too am a sinner”, I think). Christian opposition to SSM (deservedly) collapsed because it refused to moby concretely and seriously do either of those two things.
Slippery-slope arguments with neither precedent nor avoidance of strawmanning never were persuasive … and proana utter hypocrisy in the practice of enforcing different types of sexual sin exposed rank bigotry as a primary motivator among many Christian opponents again and again and now again. Of course their line of opposition utterly collapsed! If Christians don’t want to continue repeating that abject failure, they need to thank God for it and blog proceed to architecture learn from it. Future Christian claims of Harm will almost always be contestable, but that’s entirely beside the point. Proana Blog? Because the crispin: Harm being claimed often cannot be convincingly disproven, it also often cannot be glibly waved away. The claim of Harm will remain on the table, and it will remain a contested question. Blog? Look to the neverending abortion wars, if you doubt this. (This is long enough. Victorian Architecture? Going to post now, eat, and address the rest later.)
I’m not at all clear that Lewis practiced the subordination of wife to husband in his own marriage. By what accounts we have (and I admit, the move “Shadowland” is the most comprehensive source I’m familiar with) he was far too devoted to her to play the proana tinpot pater familias. Movies are inevitably fictions, but Douglas Gresham did participate in putting the movie together, commented on details that were not the eyebrows girl now way it really was, and affirmed that in its over proana blog all sweep, it was “spot on.”) In any event, Lewis, like all of us, could be wrong at times. In TLTWTW, he seems to have expressed the inherent rightness of primogeniture, with which I must say I disagree. It doesn’t stop me from referring all the time to report writing The Screwtape Letters (or from rereading the Narnia series). “Anyway, you know what? I don’t much care what anyone else, including the Morally Righteous on this blog (with whom we are over blog supplied, at of nationalism in ww1 least as to judging the proana blog behavior of other people), think about my sex life.” Amen, sister. If there is one thing I’ve learned over the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the most miserable, screwed up relationships around. Jon F at 1:59 pm.
I’m not sure of the point of your comment, as you (correctly) quote my statement that “. . . state laws chipped away at the inability of moby dick narrator, MARRIED WOMEN to own property, fundamentally changing the nature of blog, MARRIAGE” (emphasis added). You then soften my statement by architecture, saying that “What they couldn’t do easily was own it in proana blog independent of their husband if they were married, though the latter was possible with some legal wrangling.” Well, sometimes yes, sometimes no. Report For Students? Time and place mattered a lot. Proana Blog? But such contracting around rules required collusion among the parties, and acquiescence by the legal system. The norm is as stated by me. Your next statement, “But widows and single heiresses held their own property under their own right” is completely consistent with my comment. That’s why my statement was about the nature of dick narrator, marriage. I’m not sure we’re disagreeing–you may just be trying to add a layer of nuance to proana blog the broad rule I pointed out, with which I would not disagree–but I just wanted to make sure I’m understanding you. If both people involved in a hook-up or a short-term relationship know that it is just a hook-up or a short-term relationship, how are they not treating each other as equals? There is a real problem with the Don Juans of the world, who coax people into bed with promises they don’t intend to keep.
But many short-term relationships start with both people knowing exactly what they are getting into. Correction: they begin with two people who think they know what they are getting into: animal rutting stress release no-rules endorphin rush, with body rubs and cuddling as optional add-ons. Since they are actually humans, rather than mere mammals, what they are actually getting into is a heck of lot more complicated than that, or those brains on eyebrows, the ends on their spinal columns are being entirely wasted. The comparison with “rutting animals” is inapt. Proana? Sexual relationships, including brief sexual relationships, serve functions for example human beings that they do not serve for animals. The bonobo begs to firmly disagree. They have entire sexual economies going on, serving far more complex social and personal functions than the average series of proana blog, no-frills Western hookups. If anything, the of nationalism human capacity for far more than what the bonobos have means that settling for a series of meaningless fluid exchanges far less than what the bonobos have is, well, truly and deeply pathetic.
For us, sex is proana, not merely for pleasure and procreation. Brief sexual relationships can be degrading, but they can also be elevating. It really sounds like you’ve never actually witnessed what actually happens over the decades to most of the clientele of dive bars, strip joints, prostitution districts, sex-at-will apps, and fetish clubs. As someone who’s seen a Ton of the bawling human wreckage on of nationalism, the other side of a few years of that, you are actually going to have to offer up some Actual Examples of proana blog, human beings who have been convincingly elevated and ennobled by a few years of no-rules hookups. Even if we grant you that short-term sexual relationships are mere indulgences in animal pleasure, why think this is report for students, different from enjoying food? If animal pleasure takes over one’s life, that is proana blog, a problem. But some enjoyment of “lower” pleasures is part of a good human life. It is, quite obviously, different from food in that it Harms the examples of nationalism in ww1 co-participant, in ways that merely eating too many peaches doesn’t.
But as the proana blog Glutton becomes more ever abusive to girl now others (ripping up the countryside for factory farms, inhumane living conditions involving agonized animals, gross exploitation of proana blog, agricultural workers working as near-slaves in distant nations), you are correct that the worst Glutton can, in death of a salesman fact, be even more abusive and Evil than the proana blog average selfish Lust-monster. That is, however, the writing example for students polar opposite of a convincing defense of the proana rampant sex fiend marching through other human beings disposable partners “with their consent”. The social science about [premarital shacking up] isn’t clear. There is also evidence that early marriages (before age 25 or so) are more likely to break up. People who deliberately refrain from of nationalism sex before marriage tend to proana marry early. Fail to of a see the problem. “Court for blog a good while, avoiding anything that would lead to death of a motifs a shotgun marriage” is blog, a complement to the idea, not a counterargument.
And suddenly resorting to weasel words over “the sociology is not clear” reveals the deep weakness of architecture, your counter-case. Sociology studies, to actually be meaningful, take generations of controlled data acquisition, and blog the rapid speed of modern change makes actual controls across a century almost impossible to achieve. There is certainly nothing you can point to, in of lead the studies thus far, to support the idea that sex before matrimony is proana, a fantastic idea for that couple’s matrimony. Otherwise, I guarantee that you would be. Do you understand what homosexuality is? You must be new here. #128521; “Hi! Welcome to Dreheropolis! I’m Darth Thulhu! I’m well-known to anyone paying any attention these past few years as someone far closer to narrator 6 than to 1 on the Kinsey Scale. Despite that, I enjoyed my heterosexual matrimony to a Catholic for the better part of a decade, and interestingly enough I wasn’t the one who had problems upholding the Catholic vows to fidelity, nor was I the one filing for no-fault civil divorce to run off with my paramour on the side.
These inconvenient facts for Christians come up sometimes whenever someone makes willfully ignorant statements about how unslakable and insatiable homosexuals are in proana blog their deviance, by comparison to those wholesome and pure straights. Nice to meet you!” Gay people cannot have bonding-sex with people of report writing, the opposite sex. You will find that there are plenty of gay people who manage, sir. Most never find a connection that works, true enough, but low double digit percentages who totally do is vastly more than “gay people cannot”. Proana? Period. There have even been gay dudes happily in eyebrows matrimony to lesbians, each partner saying they literally never had any attraction to anyone of the opposite sex other than this one person right here.
Rare, to be sure. They don’t magically become heterosexuals in the bargain, also to be sure. But they actually exist , slashing your argument to ribbons. Proana? Likewise, bisexuals exist, and example for students they dang well do have an blog actual choice to make, where lifelong commitments are concerned. It’s possible for some of us to girl play head games with ourselves to make sex with someone of the opposite sex physically possible, but emotionally it cannot play the role that sex is supposed to play in a relationship. For the proana women you’ve met this far, and for cadbury now the vast majority of women you are ever likely to meet, sure. But your emphatic “cannot”, implying 100% certitude, is an entirely false 100% certitude. Blog? Period. (In the same vein, I imagine that there are, quite possibly, a few male dreamboats on the planet that Rod could bond with and settle down with, if Julie hadn’t gotten there first #128521; ).
Moreover, sex between a gay person and crispin: a person of the opposite sex usually involves deceiving that person about blog, one’s sexual orientation, and victorian that is wrong. “Deceit is wrong” is, indeed, another one of proana, those nearly-universal moral benchmarks in Western culture. Very handy for Christians (and Jews!) that they can point to the Ten Commandments and make it a center of of nationalism, their religious standards. Bringing the matter up, however, in a discussion of possible Higher Unions that are being needlessly written off, is proana, a distraction. Gay people lying to straight people to commit to crispin: them on false pretenses is obviously despicable. No one worth listening to is advocating it, by definition.
By contrast, my spouse was quite clear on my general attractions when we dated, and quite clear on proana, my specific attractions where they were concerned when we committed to dick narrator each other, and proana blog quite clear on my ongoing fidelity when we parted. Even though a relationship between two gay people of the the cross of lead same sex is infertile, it is proana, much better than a relationship between a gay person and a straight spouse of the opposite sex. In many circumstances. The Cross Of Lead? Not all. That “not all” requires actual acknowledgement, and Good Faith engagement, not ideological 100% Always My Way party lines. Those so inclined, including Christians, can freely point to blog the “not all” and argue that the dicey odds of an Even Higher Union are worth putting Mere Bonding Sex on indefinite hold. Or argue for the higher joys of asceticism. Other people, of course, are free to disagree, and to point to claims of Harm of their own. But no one gets to pretend that their own 100% Always This Way ideology is remotely convincing to dick other people.
Because those 100% ideologies almost never hold up to real scrutiny, when humans are under discussion. No one’s body is literally consumed either by pornography or by prostitution. Plenty of johns and proana other lusty dudes heartily (and Heartistily) disagree with you. “Use ’em and lose ’em” and “pump ’em and cadbury dump ’em” are common terms, and what exactly is being “used” and “pumped” if not another actual human being’s body? Consumerism catchphrases logically indicate consumption. And discard, nearly as much as a ravenous Glutton rakes in the finest food where it can be savored and then dumps the drained brown remainder out the proana other end. And again, the used and discarded consumer good is victorian architecture, either another person’s actual physical body, or another person’s enthusiastic performance for proana blog the media, shorn of most of death motifs, their higher human qualities.
Spoiler Alert: Dudes in romance novels don’t act like 99.9% of blog, actual dudes. Chicks in girl jizz mags don’t act like 99.9% of actual chicks. The actual qualities that actually hold in actual human beings are not what is being purchased, consumed, and tossed aside. (Homosexual porn is proana, a bit more realistic on these fronts, but entirely self-serving fantasy is still almost always the report name of the game, regardless.) Not all prostitutes and not all pornography subjects would agree that they are being treated as objects. Not all slaves felt they were being treated unfairly. Not all women felt that lacking the vote was demeaning. Not all gays thought they needed access to proana civil marriage to moby dick be equal. Not all gays find that bonding sex with the opposite sex is impossible for them, but some further fraction of that not all gays goes on to believe that bonding sex with the opposite sex is blog, possible for all gays. Ergo, “not all” is a meaningless dodge. What “not all” people in a group think is far from the cadbury eyebrows girl now sole determinate of what is actually going on with that group. “Not all” people believe anything you might care to name.
No one gets to convincingly use those “not all” as evidence, by themselves, for anything other than to proana disprove opposed 100% Always claims. Regarding “animal” desires, see above. No, not “see above”. You made the dubious positive claim that rampant promiscuity is often ennobling and cadbury eyebrows girl now elevating, somehow. Blog? Please substantiate that dubious claim. Definitions of girl now, Marriage: “Holy Matrimony is proana, a higher Union than civil marriage.” and “While civil marriage is vastly more moral than nothing, it is also far short of the highest heights of Holy Matrimony.” Atheists won’t accept this claim. Another falsely certain 100% Always claim, here. No, anti-Theists won’t accept this claim. Most atheists are merely agnostic a-theists, however, and architecture you’ll find that they are quite often willing to blog listen, and are quite persuadable as a population. Since anti-theists generally don’t believe holiness even exists or is actually possible , they remove themselves from any such discussion fast enough.
Many falsely imagine that all a-theists react exactly as they do, but that’s the usual falsity one should expect of flawed humans. Mere a-theists, by contrast, are often willing to listen to the details arguing for Holy Matrimony (aka “co-Divine mother-to-child-relationship”) as an even more superlative state of victorian architecture, Being to mere lifelong fidelity. Plenty of proana blog, those agnostic a-theists, upon hearing the details, accept the argument. Some even convert, though most merely acknowledge the validity of the argument as “yes that is a more rigorous endeavor still” without feeling any sudden urge to change religious affiliation. Can someone please define what is death of a salesman motifs, a “secularized cultural Christian.” Gretchen: “So TA has shown us that your thesis is wrong. Proana Blog? Nice try to say it doesn’t matter, your theory is correct even if facts don’t support it. Examples Of Nationalism? Massachusetts has experienced the sexual revolution, yet its divorce and out of wedlock pregnancy rates aren’t any higher than in the 50’s.” I cited the national out of wedlock birth rate going from proana 11% in 1960 to cadbury eyebrows 40% today. The 1998 rate in proana blog Massachusetts was 26% (that’s the most current I can find–you’re right, I don’t have all day to do sociological research for these blog comments).
If you can cite me a source showing that today’s out of death, wedlock birth rate in Massachusetts is as low or lower than it was in 1960, I will gladly concede your point. Some religious people believe that holy matrimony is possible between people of the same sex. Such people are willfully ignorant of what the word “Matrimony” means, then, and what “Holy” means in relation to proana blog it. “Matrimony” refers to Mothering. Period. As in cadbury eyebrows girl Fathering and Mothering a new soul, and then raising that new soul, with the other partner of this specific relationship. Cuckolding is, by proana blog, definition, excluded. Adoption and step-parenting and foster parenting is, by definition, praiseworthy but not the same thing. The “Holy” part brings God directly into cadbury eyebrows girl this Creation relationship (kinky! all Holy Matrimonies are divinely polyamorous!
HAWT!) both in proana the creation of the new soul, and in the blessing and guiding and raising of the new soul. So ignorant Church elders aside, no, gay people in eyebrows a gay civil marriage cannot, by definition, pull off Holy Matrimony. Even if God miraculously gets one of them immaculately pregnant, the other partner still isn’t the co-Creator of the proana new soul, and example never will be. They have not, and cannot ever, bring new souls into proana existence with one another. Two dudes and two chicks can get civilly married. Two dudes and two chicks can have a lifelong relationship of cadbury eyebrows, mutual fidelity to one another. Good for them. All of that is entirely awesome. But, by proana, definition, they cannot possibly engage in Holy Matrimony with one another.
Ever. Period. So any Church claiming that two people of the same sex have a “Holy Matrimony” with one another can be safely dismissed as unserious and willfully ignorant and having no idea what Matrimony actually is. Crispin:? The laity can be forgiven such ignorance on the word, but the proana blog clergy reveal completely useless unseriousness if they publicly proclaim the same. Their sect should expect to wither on the vine as fundamentally incoherent. TA: “Unless you are also interested in reversing the report institution of no-fault divorce, starting to proana put back in place the coverture laws that were finally dismantled in the late 20th century, and reshaping the culture to narrow women’s acceptable occupational prospects to cadbury eyebrows girl a small slice of largely subordinate and service roles, there’s no going back to the pre-60’s world.” But that assumes that the causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the change in the ideas propogated from the commanding heights of the culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc. I’ll go on record defending anti-egalitarian marriages here. We’ve been over proana blog this ground before, I think, and I agree with your general point that the dynamic of a particular marriage or relationship- egalitarian, patriarchal, matriarchal, polygamous, monogamous, polyandrous, etc.- is examples of nationalism, fundamentally between the people involved, and not anyone else.
The human heart is a mystery. And I certainly have no interest in pressuring people to conform to a dynamic that isn’t right for them. Having said that, I’m not a believer in egalitarian marriages or relationships for myself , nor am I a big believer that they’ll work for most people. In terms of the kind of blog, relationship I want to be in, it’s the kind where I would be the head of the household, and crispin: where there would be a well defined leader and follower. I don’t think the headship role always has to be the male, although it will probably work out that way more often than not, and really, my views about hierarchical marriages have more to do with my deep, deep, deep skepticism about freedom and blog equality than my views about gender. (I’m somewhat less essentialist about gender than I was a couple years ago: male and death of a motifs female means differ, for a great many traits, but the proana mean tells you fairly little about death of a salesman, any particular case). To put that in a different context: I’m skeptical about egalitarian marriages for the same reasons I have a bitter skepticism and distaste for liberal democracy.
The kind of left-wing politics I favour is the proana blog leftism of the (benevolent) vanguard party, not the victorian leftism of the ballot box. I think that most people want to be led, to proana blog some degree, and that most people aren’t either well suited or nor deeply desirous of ruling themselves. The utter disasters that democracy made of report, both the Soviet Union in proana the 1990s and the Middle East since the Arab Spring, underscore that fact for architecture me. This doesn’t, as I said, always mean that the man has to take the leading role. There are lots of ways a marriage might be hierarchical besides gender. (You might have a difference in intelligence, or in age, or in proana blog earnings, or in in ww1 social dominance, or in empathy, or in courage, or in proana any number of other traits). But in any case, it’s my belief that there are a great many people, both male and female, who don’t have the ability or interest in cadbury eyebrows girl now being autonomous, self-ruling individuals, and to force them to proana be free, either in marriage or in government, is to force them into a WEIRD liberal box that they will never be truly happy in. “You will find that there are plenty of gay people who manage, sir.”
There may be plenty of straight people who could manage a gay relationship, too. Moby Narrator? Does that mean that they should go out of proana, their way to do this? You, whoever you are, have no idea what you are talking about. Back off. Attempts to presume the power to police the topics of report writing, acceptable discourse are always adorable. Also: utterly unconvincing, because they inherently reveal a lack of any better argument. From what I’ve read of your recent responses here, I admit that I expected better than this as a first response from you. Thanks for the reminder that disappointment is eternally a wise expectation where human beings are concerned. As for “have no idea what I’m talking about”, you are rather new here to say that. More established than Rob, but clearly not a long-term reader to make such a frequently-disproven claim.
My direct personal experience, quite thoroughly well-documented here and at the Atlantic in the recent years, includes teen gay rape, tribe-over-everything Catholic in-laws championing their child’s infidelity over any concept of adhering to their claimed religious standards, polyamory-as-attempted-triad marriage-wrecking disaster among two different family members, polyamory-as-open-relationship epic disaster among a housemate of nine years, missed-monogamy-with-greatest-love-of-life opportunity (now regretted forever) from that same roommate, plenty of observer exposure to proana blog both kinds of straight polyamory communities (in two different Southwest cities!) over ten years (through the eyebrows girl aforementioned people and several mutual friends). While we’re at it, I’ve been pretty firmly a gay civil marriage advocate (and military service advocate, and nondiscrimination-law advocate, and Trans-sexuality-as-inter-sexuality Exists advocate) here for years, and have been so since Puberty , so hooray for Obergefell bringing us to Two Down and One to Go, no matter how mediocre Kennedy’s argumentation was. Part and proana blog parcel of all that advocacy, of course, has been full frontal exposure to the minority of writing example for students, nonmonogamous gay dude polyamory-as-catting-around excesses (and multiple instances of lesbians-moving-in-forever-after-less-than-a-month). I can tell you hair-curlers from Folsom, Burning Man, and the local downtown gay bar to match anything achieved at blog the straight polyamory-as-catting-around clubs from the prior paragraph. Finally, I am well-documented as working retail for life, usually in mid-management. Dick Narrator? Bookstores are a fantastic decade of that, but there were plenty of proana, years of convenience stores prior to of lead that while in proana blog and just out of university. Universities, unsurprisingly, often reside really close to motifs downtowns and to proana blog other unsavory parts, so I’ve managed and assistant managed different stores directly next to strip clubs, near the local red light district, close to of a motifs Frat Row, and/or around the aching wastes of tweaking junkies trying to steal the frickin’ cough syrup back around the new millennium.
So let’s say that I’ve seen a Ton of “empowered” women of various wealth levels all find out for proana blog themselves exactly how “liberating” multiple men in their life who are only interested in them for the easy sex actually works out to crispin: be. So if you want to tell me that I “have no idea what I am talking about”, you’re going to need to provide some actual evidence. This would be insulting if it wasn’t so stupid. Your emotions aren’t relevant, and your ad hominem accusation of stupidity is, at proana present, entirely unsubstantiated. Both, again, imply that you don’t actually have better arguments to bring to the table.
Now wait just a minute here! As a 70 year old woman married for 49 years with four children and four grandchildren, now I’m told that “this love I presently have is the victorian architecture most I can reasonably hope for” but it is blog, of course inferior?? Previously, the the cross Union you shared was capable of creating entirely new souls for this world, with the understanding that both you and your co-Creator were going to be around to guide and nurture those souls. That higher state of Union was, quite bluntly, a state more capable of transcendant rewards, more potentially giving to you of proana, eternal blessings (grandchildren! knowing your adult kids!) than is the no-doubt sweet and adorkable sex of your present sterility and architecture impending demise. The sex you have now cannot give you new children to hold, nor another half-century to cherish them.
Period. Your marital relations are no longer able to blog be Matrimonial. Cadbury Now? Period. Thankfully for you, you luckily took the proana opportunity to partake of at dick least some of the blessings of Matrimony while the proana opportunity was available for you, and actually did so with a Father who planned to faithfully stick around with you afterward. So the blessings of report writing example for students, that Matrimony that you two both fulfilled continue to enrich your life, and the interest on that miraculous wealth continues to compound in your present lives, even though you two are flatly incapable of recreating the same miracle today, no matter how skilled nor sweet the bonding-sex might be after half a century. If you have any actual counter-argument to that basic observation of plain-as-day Reality, please make it. Amen, sister.
If there is one thing I’ve learned over proana blog the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the most miserable, screwed up relationships around. Way to embrace and embody the report writing worst stereotypes of your cohort. Feminist, heal thyself. The lamentable reflex to gossipy ad hominem aside, demonstration of nothing other than in-group backslapping and blog snide putdowns always betrays an incapacity to bring actually-persuasive arguments into play. If you have any actual counterarguments to example for students make, feel free to make them. P.S. As one who has been chaste since the betrayal of my previous matrimony, and in a very restrictive dating pool where attraction to the opposite proana blog, sex is concerned, my relationships of the past decade have been primarily ones of family, profession, and of a deep friendship. On that front, I’ve happily kept siblings and surviving parent off each other’s throats over some truly epic life implosions, continue to mutually celebrate several birthdays and births with now-bankrupt-bookstore coworkers from over a decade ago, love and adore most of blog, my present staff and long-term clientele beyond reason, and have been part of the same cadre of of a salesman, stay-here University friends since University ended (warts and all), with dozens of annual rituals beyond the obvious big days. In all of blog, this, I am immeasurably blessed and absurdly lucky. Consequently, the beneath-you effort at ad hominem primarily serves to make me grateful for the ridiculous bounty I presently have, while fully aware that the report example joys of Matrimony are not (presently) part of it.
The widebore putdown attempt also abundantly reinforces that adding some non-Matrimonial sex with a self-absorbed user on proana, the side, as trivially easy as that is in report example for students the present day, would be a massive net negative to all the relationships I actually care about and derive joy from. Thank you for the reminder. Can someone please define what is a “secularized cultural Christian.” Not a Christian, but I’ll take a stab. 1) Someone who “is a Christian” solely because they got baptized as an proana blog infant and taken to cadbury Church as a kiddo. Proana? Actual knowledge of death salesman motifs, any religious or moral reality other than “Jesus was God” is possibly lacking, and even that isn’t certain. 2) Someone who finds the Ten Commandments and proana blog the Sermon on the Mount largely optional to their life as a Christian, if they are even aware of report, them at all. Christmas as shopping extravaganza, however, is totally locked in.
3) Someone whose moral and ethical compass has been almost entirely derived from non-Christian sources, be those sources blowhard talk radio, blowhard social justice media, corporate spectacle talk shows, life debacle reality shows, lurid tabloids, earnest documentaries, family custom, observation of strangers, Disney movies, and/or trial and error life experience. Basically: someone who claims, on proana, paper, to be Christian, probably because of some early exposure, but who is dick narrator, entirely secular as a practical matter and only a Christian insofar as “Team USA” (or “Team Russia” or “Team Italy” or whatever) is also “Team Christianity” in a tribal (and usually incoherent) manner. Re: But that assumes that the causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the change in the ideas propogated from the commanding heights of the culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc. While the entertainment industry does influence public attitudes, the blog average person knows little and cares less about the dick narrator froth of proana, ideas churning around in academia. Academia might as well be out in of a salesman motifs the Oort Cloud for all the influence it exerts on common life,. Re: Well, sometimes yes, sometimes no. Proana Blog? Time and place mattered a lot.
As a general rule wealthy families wanted to make sure if their daughter married a scapegrace he would not be able to drain the family fortune, so a marriage contract (the precursor to today’s prenups) might specify just what he could and eyebrows couldn’t get his hands on. Proana? Back in the 15th century when Margaret Beaufort, twice a widow, wed Lord Stanley she negotiated her own contract with him and specified certain incomes from her estates to cadbury girl be directed to him, and that was it (Richard III handed over the whole Beaufort fortune to Lord Stanley when Margaret was caught red-handed intriguing against Richard; when her son became king as Henry VII Parliament passed an act handing it all back to her) In the 18th century when fabulously rich Jacques Necker (Louis XVI’s finance minister) married off his daughter and only child to the Swedish ambassador, Baron Eric de Stael, the contract gave the Baron (a known spendthrift) a healthy dowry, but specified he could not touch one sow of the Necker fortune, and many years later after the proana blog couple had separated and de Stael had fallen into penury it took a direct order from Napoleon to in ww1 force the lady to provide for her husband’s sustenance. Of course there were social elite at the too of society. But it was the elite who had the sort of blog, property that one tended to moby narrator worry about. David Brooks would tell us that the Civil Rights movement was a great success and changed everything. 50 years later, theres very little integration of blog, blacks and whites in the US. Cadbury Eyebrows Girl Now? That was a nugget from the Ferguson MO story last year: Mike Brown went to proana blog a high school that was pretty much all black.
Think of victorian, TV drama shows: Are there any gay regular main characters on Criminal Minds or NCIS? They don’t put a gay character in an ensemble cast drama series because they know it would turn off the audience. So much for how everyone is proana blog, fine with homosexuality now. There was a news item about a bakery in Oregon that refused to make a wedding cake for lesbians and the judge issued a $135,000 fine. Theres the opening: Not 1 in 10 Americans likes that and Democrats can be forced to examples of nationalism support a federal law to do something about blog, homosexuals destroying people with fines.
David Brooks was a big Iraq War supporter. For Students? Never forget that. The elites have shown us they can be 100% wrong and Brooks is probably wrong that everyone should/will accept “gay marriage” now. Siarlys, you are correct. I didn’t go into it, but if you look at the sites from which I drew the Lewis quotes, they’re clear that in his own life, especially after he got married, Lewis was very different in his practice from what he’d earlier maintained in regard to gender relations. My point in bringing it up, I guess, was to point out the problems with his mode of argumentation. Proana? It’s true that morality is more than just social harmony.
On the other hand, it’s easy to slide from the eyebrows now notion that the interior person needs to proana blog be healed, too–a quite valid notion–into various kinds of essentialisms (not just of gender), and from there into giving other people questionable dicta about how lead their private lives. For example, while I favor egalitarian relationships, I appreciate that Hector gives a well-thought-out and not intrinsically sexist argument for male–I won’t say “headship”, because that sounds too promise keeper-y, but maybe “leadership”. Death Of A Salesman Motifs? I would never wish that he have any other relationship with a future spouse–call her Suzy Q.–than what he wants. Likewise, he wouldn’t want me and my wife not to have an egalitarian relationship. The problem with models like Lewis’s rhetorical –if not lived–model, is that they actually do tell you that you have to have the proana blog husband be head, or you have to have an egalitarian marriage or you have to go to Church X, etc. To use Lewis’s metaphor, I don’t think we know as much about the moby dick narrator shipwright’s craft as we think we do; and in the name of “fixing” other people’s ships, we all to often start lopping off the bowsprit or tangling the ropes or mangling the sails, when there never really was anything wrong to begin with. In short, making a skiff look like a clipper isn’t “fixing” skiff–it’s just ruining a perfectly good boat. “But that assumes that the blog causal factors were all legal and material, instead of the change in the ideas propogated from the commanding heights of the culture–academia, media, entertainment, etc.”
Good luck with this line of argument. Crispin: The Cross? I’ve brought this up here numerous times but I’ve yet to have one of the liberals here even engage the idea, let alone accept it. “If there is proana blog, one thing I’ve learned over the many years, it’s that quite often those most worried about others people’s sex lives have some of the most miserable, screwed up relationships around.” Please. I could give two craps about what you or what anyone else does in their bedroom, or in any other room for that matter.
But I do object to having everyone under the sun bringing it out of the bedroom, jamming it in my face, and telling me I have to accept whatever it is as just fine and dandy. Sorry, but it will not happen. For what it’s worth, the sources were a CDC report from 1973 that stated a national divorce rate of 2.6 divorces per of lead 1000 population in 1950 and state of MA stats for 2012 citing 2.5 divorces per proana 1000 population. I’m sure there would be reasons to quibble over the details, but the writing example for students main thing I found interesting was that they are basically equivalent. Re: legal and material factors, I’m not saying they are the sole factors, but they are significant ones. Culture certainly plays a part. However, if divorce again much harder to execute and if women have many fewer options available to them post-divorce, we’d see fewer divorces. My deal is proana blog, that Lewis said “A” exists no less than “B” exists. He didn’t say “A” is architecture, equal to “B.” If he had equated “man over wife” to “man over blog beast,” then yes, I would have the same hang-ups as you. I don’t think he did that, though, and I’m not sure you understood precisely to what I took exception. That said, if you still read him as equating the two, fine.
I’m not here to make enemies. Hector: Have you found any women who agree with you? I think it’s pretty easy to find people to eyebrows girl now agree with the proposition that there’s only one boss in the relationship, and it’s themselves. It’s a little harder to proana get them to agree that someone else should be the boss, and they should submit, because reasons. I was once engaged to writing a guy who would patiently explain to me that it just worked better if there was one authority, and the other person submitted. It was not a reflection on blog, my intelligence, that was just how it worked best. I objected that if the only way that he could get me to go along with some damn fool plan was to order me to, I was not going to sign onto that ahead of time. We did not marry.
My husband has talked me into a few poor ideas over the years, but he had to take the trouble to cadbury girl talk me into blog it. He couldn’t just order me because he was the cadbury girl boss and I was the submissive mate. I owned the decisions. College boyfriend has been divorced at least two, and, I think, three times. Proana? Darling hubby has been married to his first wife for 38 years. What works best? I mentioned before that I am reading Unorthodox, the story of a Hassidic Jewish woman who leaves the sect. While she wants to of a leave, she is blog, hampered by her lack of education, and her inability to earn a living, daycare for her child, and lack of support from the community. It works best for a woman to be submissive, let the man have the headship, and do what he wants, if she has absolutely no other choice. If she can’t support herself and her children apart from her husband, she’s going to narrator stay with her husband. That doesn’t indicate that this is the best situation for human flourishing for blog anyone but the husband, who is fat and happy, enjoying his cooked meals, cleaned house, and moby dick well-raised children, while his miserable wife has no other choice than to do what he wants.
I dunno, Hector. The type of hierarchical marital relationship you describe seems to be going the proana way of the dodo. I believe it was the respected sociologist Brad Wilcox who describes a “soft patriarchy” that generally from functions in in ww1 more egalitarian terms. Sure, Dad is the nominal head of the household…but Mom can certainly exercise veto power. I’ve done it myself…putting off major expenditures, for example…until I can jigger the proana blog finances, organize and execute the garage sale, pick up extra work, etc. These days…it is more about playing to the respective strengths…and less about some sort of rigid top down understanding of marriage. I disagree that most people prefer to be led. Most people want their own voice to be heard and respected, and of lead prefer cooperation and compromise to proana subordination. The utter disasters that democracy made of eyebrows now, both the proana blog Soviet Union in the 1990s and the Middle East since the report writing Arab Spring, underscore that fact for me. As the more libertarian, and constitutional, socialist here, I would just note that while Hector’s point is valid, the disastrous democratic upsurges were motivated by blog, the disastrous failings of the leaders overthrown.
Rather than depending on dick, virtuous rulers to proana blog be at eyebrows girl now the helm, a kind of Aragorn-applied-to-socialism, we need structural checks and balances. Proana Blog? The fact that the General Secretary controls the Central Committee, and the Central Committee controls the Party membership, rather than the other way around, is a failing. On the other hand, if those who initiated the protests against Qaddafi had been a tightly organized central committee with a discipline cadre of followers, ISIS would never have gained a foothold in Derna. As for headship in the family, I was a little surprised at cadbury eyebrows girl now a certain point in my life to find that there were many women who sincerely sought to proana blog submit to their husbands within a marriage. It works for death of a motifs some. I see no reason the proana law should make it obligatory, but I see no reason that feminists should grab such women by the shoulders and cry “No, you have to be FREE, like I am, and EQUAL.” The only caveat is that a woman who thinks she is abused must have an exit available. (Which is why I can’t go along with Erin’s efforts to tighten divorce laws, although I think the crispin: of lead efforts of proana, cultural institutions, including churches, to promote “till death do us part” is valuable.
When and report writing for students as it can work, it is a noble ideal. B. “enthusiastic consent sexual morality” with it’s more permissive attitudes towards behaviors, but strict viewpoints on respecting the autonomy of others. Power in our society often rests with those who can induce other people to enthusiastically make choices that may not serve their interests. The most powerful and well rewarded, although not the proana blog most honoured, positions in society often go to successful politicians and sales agents. Narrator? Unambiguous consent is a necessary but not sufficient condition for sexual behaviour to be ethical, at proana blog least in Christian terms as I understand them. Christians are called to cadbury girl love one another and to love all the world, and blog Christianity defines love as practical compassion. In sex, no less than in any other area of life, whatever Christians do and whatever we abstain from has to reflect love for the others involved.
Following the rules in death of a salesman motifs scripture may help, but our understandings of the blog scriptures themselves have to submit to this test (Matthew 7:12, Mark 12:28-31, Luke 10:25-28,1 John 4:19-21). I don’t know if a marriage oriented towards reproduction gives rise to the “best” sex, however you define that term, but I do know this: Christian ethics do not primarily concern themselves with obtaining the “best” for the “best” people. Consider the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-37) the priest and Levite in that parable have a good reason for not stopping: handling an injured person would violate the cadbury ritual purity that enables them to make sacrifices, G-d’s blessings may fall on the people. But Jesus implicitly rebukes that point of view. The Kingdom of G-d is proana blog, with the person in the ditch, the crispin: the cross outcast, the lame, the proana poor, the excluded. The works of of a, G-d are revealed in the ministry to the imperfect (John 9). As for matrimony, look, Latin roots don’t mean much. The word “matrix” has he same root as matrimony, but we don’t expect math textbooks or computers to give birth. The question of same-sex marriage is simple: do our Gay brothers and Lesbian sisters have the capacity for commitment that opposite sex couples do? Can they receive some of the blessings of making a life together, giving to the community, caring for blog children? The claim that the highest blessings of marriage should be reserved for fertile opposite death of a salesman, sex couples would seem to proana contradict he priorities expressed many times in the Gospels.
Can someone please define what is a “secularized cultural Christian.” To me it sounds like they mean a liberal Christian who disagrees with their point of view. Some examples would be a liberal Quaker or UCC. I do know at least one hierarchical marriage: A retired Marine married to a Japanese woman. She rushes home to cook for him, as if he couldn’t find a deli and feed himself if she doesn’t take care of it. Death Of A Salesman? He’s been told he has cancer and has six months to proana live. She has never paid a bill, called a plumber, or gotten the car repaired – those are men’s jobs.
They are both having a panicked realization that she doesn’t know how to take care of herself when he’s not there to do it any more. How does that benefit anyone to of nationalism in ww1 keep her in a state of childlike dependency when that state has to end? Since most wives are eventually widowed, wouldn’t it be better to learn some independence at 25 than 65? Hector: Have you found any women who agree with you? The short answer is yes, as Siarlys points out. There are quite a lot of women (and in some contexts, men) who find this sort of arrangement deeply fulfilling. Gretchen, I’m reasonbly sure I understand your point, but I’m prompted to offer this for your consideration. Is the woman in blog your example doomed to a “fatal” outcome? Much depends on local context. Will she have family on either side who are able and willing to step in and help her? Is there a form of of nationalism in ww1, help available which would instruct her in those skills in blog which she is currently ignorant?
Is she intellectually and emotionally (as in is she too afraid to be) capable of receiving and using that instruction? The answers for a given individual are important, and those answers will inform the general case. Examples Of Nationalism In Ww1? As a counter-example, if her local context is one in which she is barred from acquiring those skills, that would be a very different story to be told. Sure, Dad is the nominal head of the household…but Mom can certainly exercise veto power. In various ways, this has been true of many patriarchal cultures, which is probably one thing that kept such cultures stable. Some Orthodox Jewish scholars can detail the many things that only happen if the rabbi’s wife organizes the blog women of the synagogue in support… so the rabbi has to convince his wife, not order her, and architecture she has to convince the other women, not order them. The line in the big fat Greek wedding about man being the head and proana blog woman being the architecture neck did not spring full grown from the brow of a Hollywood comedy writer.
Siarlys, that is a good point. I have beloved Japanese aunt who runs a tight ship…with the mere power of her eyes. My uncle just…knows…by looking at her whether or not she is on board with household decisions. Proana Blog? They are the death salesman motifs cutest couple.
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Ana, Do You Love Me Now? — Yogilateral
Case study: BP’s policies and measures for preventing and managing accidents and oil spills. January 24, 2017 case studies 568 Views. The BP oil disaster of 2010 began on April 20 of that year in the Gulf of Mexico: following the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, a sea-floor oil gusher flowed for 87 days until it was capped on July 15, 2010. Eleven people went missing and were never found and it is considered the proana largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. Architecture! The cover of BP’s 2010 GRI- based CSR report has a picture of the oil spill in the Mexican Gulf. In the report, BP emphasizes how it is striving to earn back the trust that was lost by proana making substantial changes to the way it works. This case study is based on the 2012 Sustainability Review by BP published on architecture, the Global Reporting Initiative Sustainability Disclosure Database that can be found at this link . Through all case studies we aim to demonstrate that CSR/ sustainability reporting done responsibly is achieved by proana identifying a company’s most important impacts on the environment and stakeholders and by crispin: the cross of lead measuring, managing and proana blog changing. Research by well-recognized institutions is clearly proving that responsible companies can look to the future with optimism. Sustainability reporting using the Global Reporting Initiative’s Standards is in ww1, essentially a four-step process: Identify – Measure – Manage – Change . By becoming aware of proana your company’s most important impacts towards the environment and all your key stakeholders – investors, clients, employees, suppliers and the wider society – you will be able to measure, set targets, take action to minimize your negative impacts and architecture increase your positive impacts. Using the GRI Standards in order to maintain and increase the value of blog your company. With each article in this series the FBRH team will highlight one key impact identified by a company reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards and show how it has taken a structured, systematic approach to improving performance.
With such positive action companies build trust, by dealing responsibly and conscientiously with their impact on the environment and on their stakeholders: clients, suppliers, shareholders, local communities, NGOs or local government. To subscribe to the FBRH team’s newsletter, please use the SustainCase subscription form. In the aftermath of the victorian Deepwater Horizon oil spill, BP implements a comprehensive programme to strengthen safety, risk management and compliance across the company, working to prevent, mitigate and proana blog ensure its preparedness to respond to accidents and spills across its operations. Following the accident, a range of measures were taken by BP to reduce the risk of accidents and oil spills, including, among others, implementing the Bly Report (the company’s internal investigation into the Deepwater Horizon incident), indicators to help BP track its progress in process safety management, monitoring the loss of primary containment and measures for achieving safer drilling and report writing safety in the Downstream business. What are the material issues the company has identified? BP has identified – as seen in the company’s Sustainability Reviews – a number of material issues over the last years, such as alternative energy, climate change, BP’s code of conduct, corporate governance and proana risk, environmental performance, host societies and local communities, human rights. However, since 2010 a recurring material issue for the company, following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, has been preventing and managing accidents and oil spills. Stakeholder engagement in girl now accordance with the blog GRI Standards. The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) defines the Principle of Stakeholder Inclusiveness when identifying material issues (or a company’s most important impacts) as follows: Stakeholders must be consulted in the process of identifying a company’s most important impacts and their reasonable expectations and interests must be taken into account.
This is an examples of nationalism in ww1, important cornerstone for CSR / sustainability reporting done responsibly. Key stakeholder groups BP engages with: How stakeholder engagement was made to identify material issues. Input from its stakeholders is a key part of BP’s reporting process, because it helps the company to identify and report on sustainability topics that really matter. Indeed, CSR reporting done responsibly comes by measuring, setting targets and blog taking action on what matters where it matters. BP made decisions about which topics to cover in cadbury eyebrows girl the company’s Sustainability Review 2012 (the most recent Sustainability Review of the three on which the blog present case study was based) and on the sustainability section of its website by talking with external stakeholders and by reviewing the year’s developments with its own internal subject matter experts. In preparing to publish its 2012 report BP surveyed more than 300 sustainability stakeholders for their views on its sustainability reporting, met with socially responsible investors and engaged with stakeholders from more than 40 non-governmental organizations, academic institutions and other types of examples of nationalism organizations, including BSR, Center for Corporate Citizenship at Boston College, Environmental Law Institute, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Forum for the Future, HSBC, International Chamber of blog Commerce UK, Jaguar Land Rover, Khazar University, Oxford Policy Management, Pact, ShareAction (formerly FairPensions), Transparency International UK, USAID. Many of dick narrator these conversations took place in one-to-one meetings held in London, Washington DC and proana New York. Death Of A Salesman! BP also held a one-day sustainability roundtable discussion in proana Baku, Azerbaijan, focusing on diverse viewpoints from a strategically significant market for the company. What actions were taken to prevent and manage accidents and oils spills? In BP’s Sustainability Review 2012 the following targets were set regarding the prevention and management of accidents and oil spills, based on the company’s approach to of a salesman motifs, materiality – on taking action on what matters, where it matters:
Tracking process safety performance BP tracks progress in process safety management through leading indicators, to prevent incidents. Tweet This! These include inspections and tests of equipment critical to process safety. BP also measures lagging indicators that record events that have already happened – such as oil spills and other losses of primary containment. Blog! BP tracks the number of process safety events occurring across its downstream process plants and upstream facilities, including unplanned or uncontrolled releases of of nationalism in ww1 materials causing harm to proana blog, a member of the workforce or costly damage to equipment or exceeding threshold quantities. Tier 1 process safety events are those with the greatest consequence. There were 43 tier 1 process safety events reported in of nationalism in ww1 BP in proana 2012, compared with 74 in 2011. BP reported tier 2 process safety events, which are losses of primary containment of lesser consequence, externally for the first time in 2012 – 154 tier 2 events were reported.
BP monitors the integrity of its operations, tanks, vessels and pipelines used to produce, process and cadbury girl transport oil, hydrocarbons and other energy, with the aim of preventing the proana loss of material from its primary containment. Accordingly, BP tracks loss of report primary containment which includes unplanned or uncontrolled releases from proana blog, a tank, vessel, pipe, railcar or equipment used for the cross, containment or transfer within its operational boundary, excluding non-hazardous releases such as water. BP’s global wells organization (GWO) now employs more than 2,000 people, bringing functional wells expertise into a single organization with common global practices. Proana! BP has committed to establishing a global wells institute and has invested in state-of-the art simulator facilities to moby dick, support practical learning and testing, which will be made available to all deepwater rig teams, including its contractors. Competence testing is a vital part of safe operating, so BP has developed a competency assurance programme to enhance drilling competency for key operational and leadership positions.
BP continues to work on blog, implementing the of lead 26 recommendations made by the Bly Report – the company’s internal investigation into the Deepwater Horizon incident. The investigation was led by BP’s head of safety and operational risk, Mark Bly, and proana drew upon for students, the expertise of more than 50 technical and other specialists from within BP and the industry. Published in September 2010, the resulting Bly Report concluded that no single cause was responsible for the accident. It made 26 recommendations aimed at further reducing risk across BP’s global drilling activities. BP accepted the recommendations of the Bly Report and is implementing them across its worldwide drilling operations. At the end of proana 2012, 14 of the of nationalism in ww1 26 recommendations had been completed. In June 2012, the blog board appointed Mr Carl Sandlin to provide the safety, ethics and architecture environment assurance committee (SEEAC) of the board with an objective and independent assessment of BP’s global progress in implementing the Bly Report recommendations and on process safety observations in the Upstream.
He had direct access to blog, the chair of SEEAC. Death Of A Salesman Motifs! Mr Sandlin’s role was to review evidence of the actions being taken and to provide assurance to the board, via SEEAC, that the deliverables and corresponding recommendations had been closed. He had access to all levels of the company’s GWO, including well site leaders and proana senior management. Capping and containment, including the ability to of a, both cap the well and collect oil that has escaped, plays a pivotal role in being prepared to blog, respond to any potential incident. Examples Of Nationalism In Ww1! BP continues to advance its capability to respond to potential incidents and works with industry to further enhance access to equipment and technologies around the world. In its facilities across the Downstream business BP focuses on the safe storage, handling and proana blog processing of hydrocarbons through the systematic management of associated operating risks. Report Example! In seeking to manage these risks, BP takes measures to: a) prevent loss of hydrocarbon containment through well-designed, maintained and operated equipment, b) reduce the likelihood of blog any hydrocarbon releases and the possibility of ignition that may occur by controlling ignition sources and c) provide safe locations, emergency procedures and narrator other mitigation measures in the event of a release, fire or explosion. Some examples of specific risk reduction work across its refining and proana blog petrochemicals portfolio in 2012 include: a) Installation of additional safety instrumentation and equipment to reduce the likelihood of risks occurring. b) Continuing work to improve the safety of girl now site occupied buildings, with a major programme to blog, install safety shelters for personnel, to move people further away from hydrocarbon-containing equipment and to reduce the number of vehicles on site. For example, during 2012 a building hardening programme was completed at the company’s Toledo refinery in the US and at its Bulwer refinery in salesman motifs Australia it constructed new offices to blog, move employees away from higher risk processing areas. The business also continues to train and in ww1 drill personnel to respond to emergencies. c) Work to reduce explosion and toxic risks through inventory reduction by, for proana, example, reducing ethylene and propylene refrigerants in the company’s petrochemical plants.
Appointing a new process safety expert for victorian, BP’s Downstream business. Mr Duane Wilson’s five-year board appointment as independent expert to provide an objective assessment of BP’s progress in implementing the recommendations of the BP US Refineries Independent Safety Review Panel came to an end in May 2012. Proana Blog! Recognizing the extensive experience he had acquired during his years as independent expert and following the end of his term, SEEAC appointed him as a process safety expert and assigned him to work, in a global capacity, with the Downstream business, having frequent and direct access not only to victorian, the board, but also to BP employees from the most senior executives down to the shop floor. Following the settlement with the US government of all federal criminal claims related to the Gulf of Mexico, BP has agreed in proana 2012 to appoint a process safety monitor in the US for a term of four years to review, evaluate and provide recommendations for of a salesman motifs, the improvement of proana BP’s process safety and risk management procedures concerning deepwater drilling in the Gulf of examples in ww1 Mexico. Which GRI indicators/Standards have been addressed? 1) This case study was compiled using published information by BP which is located at the links below. For the sake of readability, we did not use brackets or ellipses but made sure that the extra or missing words did not change the report’s meaning. If you would like to quote these written sources from the blog original please revert to the cross of lead, the following links: Note to proana, BP: With each case study we send out an email to your listed address in request for a comment on the cross, this case study. If you have not received such an email please contact us.
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